YAMAHA S90 ES (01) PDF MANUAL

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PRODUCT SAFETY MARKINGS:

Yamaha electronic products may have either labels similar to the graphics shown below or molded/stamped facsimiles of these graphics on the enclosure. The explanation of these graphics appears on this page. Please observe all cautions indicated on this page and those indicated in the safety instruction section. The exclamation point within the equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of important operating and maintenance (servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the product. The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol, within the equilateral triangle, is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated “dangerous voltage” within the product’s enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electrical shock. IMPORTANT NOTICE: All Yamaha electronic products are tested and approved by an independent safety testing laboratory in order that you may be sure that when it is properly installed and used in its normal and customary manner, all foreseeable risks have been eliminated. DO NOT modify this unit or commission others to do so unless specifically authorized by Yamaha. Product performance and/ or safety standards may be diminished. Claims filed under the expressed warranty may be denied if the unit is/has been modified. Implied warranties may also be affected. SPECIFICATIONS SUBJECT TO CHANGE: The information contained in this manual is believed to be correct at the time of printing. However, Yamaha reserves the right to change or modify any of the specifications without notice or obligation to update existing units. ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES: Yamaha strives to produce products that are both user safe and environmentally friendly. We sincerely believe that our products and the production methods used to produce them, meet these goals. In keeping with both the letter and the spirit of the law, we want you to be aware of the following: Battery Notice: This product MAY contain a small non-rechargable battery which (if applicable) is soldered in place. The average life span of this type of battery is approximately five years. When replacement becomes necessary, contact a qualified service representative to perform the replacement. Warning: Do not attempt to recharge, disassemble, or incinerate this type of battery. Keep all batteries away from children. Dispose of used batteries promptly and as regulated by applicable laws. Note: In NAME PLATE LOCATION: The graphic below indicates the location of the name plate. The model number, serial number, power requirements, etc., are located on this plate. You should record the model number, serial number, and the date of purchase in the spaces provided below and retain this manual as a permanent record of your purchase. Serial No. Purchase Date

CAUTION RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK some areas, the servicer is required by law to return the defective parts. However, you do have the option of having the servicer dispose of these parts for you. DO NOT OPEN Disposal Notice: Should this product become damaged beyond repair, or for some reason its useful life is considered to be at an end,

CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK. DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK). please observe all local, state, and federal regulations that relate to the disposal of products that contain lead, batteries, plastics, etc. NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE. REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED SERVICE PERSONNEL. NOTICE: Service charges incurred due to lack of knowledge relating to how a function or effect works (when the unit is operating as designed) are not covered by the manufacturer’s warranty, and are therefore the owners responsibility. Please study this manual carefully and consult your dealer before requesting service. Model 92-469- ➀ (rear)

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS INFORMATION RELATING TO PERSONAL INJURY, ELECTRICAL SHOCK, AND FIRE HAZARD POSSIBILITIES HAS BEEN INCLUDED IN THIS LIST.

WARNING- When using any electrical or electronic product, basic precautions should always be followed. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. Read all Safety Instructions, Installation Instructions, Special Message Section items, and any Assembly Instructions found in this manual BEFORE making any connections, including connection to the main supply.
  2. Do not attempt to service this product beyond that described in the user-maintenance instructions. All other servicing should be referred to qualified service personnel.
  3. Main Power Supply Verification: Yamaha products are manufactured specifically for the supply voltage in the area where they are to be sold. If you should move, or if any doubt exists about the supply voltage in your area, please contact your dealer for supply voltage verification and (if applicable) instructions. The required supply voltage is printed on the name plate. For name plate location, please refer to the graphic found in the Special Message Section of this manual.
  4. DANGER-Grounding Instructions: This product must be grounded and therefore has been equipped with a three pin attachment plug. If this product should malfunction, the ground pin provides a path of low resistance for electrical current, reducing the risk of electrical shock. If your wall socket will not accommodate this type plug, contact an electrician to have the outlet replaced in accordance with local electrical codes. Do NOT modify the plug or change the plug to a different type!
  5. WARNING: Do not place this product or any other objects on the power cord or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything over power or connecting cords of any kind. The use of an extension cord is not recommended! If you must use an extension cord, the minimum wire size for a 25’ cord (or less) is 18 AWG. NOTE: The smaller the AWG number, the larger the current handling capacity. For longer extension cords, consult a local electrician.
  6. Ventilation: Electronic products, unless specifically designed for enclosed installations, should be placed in locations that do not interfere with proper ventilation. If instructions for enclosed installations are not provided, it must be assumed that unobstructed ventilation is required.
  7. Temperature considerations: Electronic products should be installed in locations that do not seriously contribute to their operating temperature. Placement of this product close to heat sources such as; radiators, heat registers etc., should be avoided.
  8. This product was NOT designed for use in wet/damp locations and should not be used near water or exposed to rain. Examples of wet /damp locations are; near a swimming pool, spa, tub, sink, or wet basement.
  9. This product should be used only with the components supplied or; a cart,rack, or stand that is recommended by the manufacturer. If a cart, rack, or stand is used, please observe all safety markings and instructions that accompany the accessory product.
  10. The power supply cord (plug) should be disconnected from the outlet when electronic products are to be left unused for extended periods of time. Cords should also be disconnected when there is a high probability of lightning and/or electrical storm activity.
  11. Care should be taken that objects do not fall and liquids are not spilled into the enclosure through any openings that may exist.
  12. Electrical/electronic products should be serviced by a qualified service person when: a. The power supply cord has been damaged; or b. Objects have fallen, been inserted, or liquids have been spilled into the enclosure through openings; or c. The product has been exposed to rain; or d. The product does not operate, exhibits a marked change in performance; or e. The product has been dropped, or the enclosure of the product has been damaged.
  13. This product, either alone or in combination with an amplifier and headphones or speaker/s, may be capable of producing sound levels that could cause permanent hearing loss. DO NOT operate for a long period of time at a high volume level or at a level that is uncomfortable. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, you should consult an audiologist. IMPORTANT: The louder the sound, the shorter the time period before damage occurs.
  14. Some Yamaha products may have benches and/or accessory mounting fixtures that are either supplied as a part of the product or as optional accessories. Some of these items are designed to be dealer assembled or installed. Please make sure that benches are stable and any optional fixtures (where applicable) are well secured BEFORE using. Benches supplied by Yamaha are designed for seating only. No other uses are recommended.

PLEASE KEEP THIS MANUAL 92-469-3 PRECAUTIONS PLEASE READ CAREFULLY BEFORE PROCEEDING * Please keep this manual in a safe place for future reference. WARNING Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of serious injury or even death from electrical shock, short-circuiting, damages, fire or other hazards. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:

Power supply/Power cord • Only use the voltage specified as correct for the instrument. The required voltage is printed on the name plate of the instrument. • Check the electric plug periodically and remove any dirt or dust which may have accumulated on it. • Use only the supplied power cord/plug. • Do not place the power cord near heat sources such as heaters or radiators, and do not excessively bend or otherwise damage the cord, place heavy objects on it, or place it in a position where anyone could walk on, trip over, or roll anything over it. • Be sure to connect to an appropriate outlet with a protective grounding connection. Improper grounding can result in electrical shock. Do not open • This instrument contains no user-serviceable parts. Do not attempt to disassemble or modify the internal components in any way. Water warning Fire warning If you notice any abnormality Power supply/Power cord Location • Do not expose the instrument to rain, use it near water or in damp or wet conditions, or place containers on it containing liquids which might spill into any openings. • Never insert or remove an electric plug with wet hands. • Do not put burning items, such as candles, on the unit. A burning item may fall over and cause a fire. • If the power cord or plug becomes frayed or damaged, or if there is a sudden loss of sound during use of the instrument, or if any unusual smells or smoke should appear to be caused by it, immediately turn off the power switch, disconnect the electric plug from the outlet, and have the instrument inspected by qualified Yamaha service personnel. CAUTION • Always connect the three-pin attachment plug to a properly grounded power source. (For more information about the main power supply, see page 8.) • Remove the electric plug from the outlet when the instrument is not to be used for extended periods of time, or during electrical storms. • Do not connect the instrument to an electrical outlet using a multiple-connector. Doing so can result in lower sound quality, or possibly cause overheating in the outlet. • Do not use the instrument in the vicinity of a TV, radio, stereo equipment, mobile phone, or other electric devices. Otherwise, the instrument, TV, or radio may generate noise. • Before moving the instrument, remove all connected cables. • When setting up the instrument, make sure that the AC outlet you are using is easily accessible. If some trouble or malfunction occurs, immediately turn off the power switch and disconnect the plug from the outlet. • Do not place objects in front of the instrument's air vent, since this may prevent adequate ventilation of the internal components, and possibly result in the instrument overheating. • Do not place objects in front of the instrument's air vent, since this may prevent adequate ventilation of the internal components, and possibly result in the instrument overheating.

Always follow the basic precautions listed below to avoid the possibility of physical injury to you or others, or damage to the instrument or other property. These precautions include, but are not limited to, the following:

• When removing the electric plug from the instrument or an outlet, always hold the plug itself and not the cord. Pulling by the cord can damage it. • Do not expose the instrument to excessive dust or vibrations, or extreme cold or heat (such as in direct sunlight, near a heater, or in a car during the day) to prevent the possibility of panel disfiguration or damage to the internal components. • Do not place the instrument in an unstable position where it might accidentally fall over.

(2)-10 1/2 Saving Connections data • Before connecting the instrument to other electronic components, turn off the Saving and backing up your data power for all components. Before turning the power on or off for all components, set all volume levels to minimum. Also, be sure to set the volumes of all components at their minimum levels and gradually raise the volume controls while playing the instrument to set the desired listening level. Maintenance Handling caution • The edited settings are lost when you turn off the power to the instrument without saving. Make sure to save important data to internal (User) memory (see page 126). • Saved data may be lost due to malfunction or incorrect operation. Save important data to a USB storage device. • Never attempt to turn off the power while data is being written to internal • When cleaning the instrument, use a soft, dry cloth. Do not use paint thinners, solvents, cleaning fluids, or chemical-impregnated wiping cloths. memory (while an “Executing...” or “Please keep power on” message is shown). Turning the power off in this state results in loss of all user data and and may cause the system to freeze. This means that this synthesizer may not be able to start up properly, even when turning the power on next time. • Do not insert a finger or hand in any gaps on the instrument. Backing up the USB storage device • Never insert or drop paper, metallic, or other objects into the gaps on the keyboard. If this happens, turn off the power immediately and unplug the power cord from the AC outlet. Then have the instrument inspected by qualified • To protect against loss through media damage, we recommend that you save your important data onto two USB storage devices. Yamaha service personnel. • Do not place vinyl, plastic or rubber objects on the instrument, since this might discolor the panel or keyboard. • Do not rest your weight on, or place heavy objects on the instrument, and do not use excessive force on the buttons, switches or connectors. • Do not operate the instrument for a long period of time at a high or uncomfortable volume level, since this can cause permanent hearing loss. If you experience any hearing loss or ringing in the ears, consult a physician. Yamaha cannot be held responsible for damage caused by improper use or modifications to the instrument, or data that is lost or destroyed. Always turn the power off when the instrument is not in use. (2)-10 2/2 Introduction Introduction Congratulations and thank you for your purchase of the Yamaha S90 ES Music Production Synthesizer! You now own one of the best-sounding, most versatile, and most powerful music production instruments on the planet. We strove to put virtually all our synthesizer technology and music making know-how into one instrument—and we succeeded. The new S90 ES not only gives you the latest and greatest sounds and rhythms (as well as the ability to create your own), it gives you powerful, easy-to-use tools for playing, combining and controlling these dynamic sounds/rhythms—in real time, as you perform! Take time to look through this manual carefully. It's packed with important information on how to get the most from this amazing instrument. Dive in now and enjoy! Accessories The following items have been included with your S90ES. Check to see that you have everything listed here. ❏ Power cord ❏ Owner’s Manual (this document) ❏ Data List ❏ Sticker label for optional mLAN16E expansion board The illustrations and LCD screens as shown in this owner’s manual are for instructional purposes only, and may appear somewhat different from those on your instrument. This product incorporates and bundles computer programs and contents in which Yamaha owns copyrights or with respect to which it has license to use others’ copyrights. Such copyrighted materials include, without limitation, all computer software, style files, MIDI files, WAVE data, musical scores and sound recordings. Any unauthorized use of such programs and contents outside of personal use is not permitted under relevant laws. Any violation of copyright has legal consequences. DON’T MAKE, DISTRIBUTE OR USE ILLEGAL COPIES. This device is capable of using various types/formats of music data, and it optimizes the data in advance to the proper format for use with the device. As a result, the data may not be played back precisely as the creators or composers originally intended. Copying of the commercially available musical data including but not limited to MIDI data and/or audio data is strictly prohibited except for your personal use. • Windows is the registered trademarks of Microsoft® Corporation. • Apple and Macintosh are trademarks of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries. • The company names and product names in this Owner’s Manual are the trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective companies. 6 Owner’s Manual Table of Contents Table of Contents Introduction .............................................................6 Basic Structure 108 Accessories.............................................................6 Setting up and Playing ...........................................8 Power supply connections........................................... 8 Internal Structure (System Overview)....................... 108 Maintaining data....................................................... 126 Playing the keyboard ................................................. 10 Modes ........................................................................ 12 Reference 127 Basic instructions....................................................... 13 Main Features ............................................................ 14 Using the Owner’s Manual......................................... 15 Voice mode .............................................................. 127 Performance mode................................................... 149 Multi mode................................................................ 157 Multi Voice mode...................................................... 161 The Controls & Connectors 16 Sequence Play mode ............................................... 162 Front Panel ................................................................. 16 Rear Panel.................................................................. 18 Using USB storage devices....................................... 20 Utility mode .............................................................. 163 File mode.................................................................. 168 Master mode ............................................................ 172 Basic Operation 21 Appendix 176 Restoring the Factory-programmed S90 ES .............. 21 Functions of the MODE buttons ................................. 22 Functions and Sub-Functions .................................... 23 Selecting a Program .................................................. 23 About the editing functions ........................................ 25 Confirmation Message ............................................... 26 Information Display .................................................... 27 Note (Key) settings .................................................... 27 Information Displays................................................. 176 Display Messages .................................................... 178 About MIDI ............................................................... 180 Installing Optional Hardware.................................... 184 Specifications...........................................................188 Troubleshooting ....................................................... 189 Application Index ..................................................... 193 Index ........................................................................ 198 Naming....................................................................... 27 Quick Guide 29 Playing the Demo Songs......................................29 Playing the S90 ES................................................30 Voice Play mode ........................................................ 30 Performance Play mode............................................. 34 Using the Arpeggio feature........................................ 39 Using the Controllers on the S90 ES.......................... 41 Editing a Program .................................................44 Editing a Voice ........................................................... 44 Editing a Performance ............................................... 53 Using the Controllers—Advanced Course .........59 Controllers supported by the S90 ES......................... 59 Connecting the Computer and MIDI devices......63 Connections ............................................................... 63 Creating a Song with the Multi mode......................... 70 Using the S90 ES with computer software................. 77 Using mLAN............................................................... 88 Creating Your Original Program Set (Master mode)........................................................90 Playing back MIDI files (Sequence Play mode)..........................................96 Using the Plug-in Boards .....................................99 Tips.......................................................................104 Owner’s Manual 7 Power supply connections 8 Owner’s Manual Setting up and Playing Power supply connections Power supply connections

  1. Make sure that the instrument’s POWER switch on the rear panel is at the OFF position. POWER OFF
  2. Connect the supplied power cord to the AC INLET on the instrument’s rear panel. 3. Connect the other end of the power cord to an AC outlet. Make sure your S90 ES meets the voltage requirement for the country or region in which it is being used. Power Switch AC INLET Power cord (included) WARNING Make sure your S90 ES is rated for the AC voltage supplied in the area in which it is to be used (as listed on the rear panel). Connecting the unit to the wrong AC supply can cause serious damage to the internal circuitry and may even pose a shock hazard! WARNING Use only the AC power cord supplied with the S90 ES. If the supplied cord is lost or damaged and needs to be replaced, contact your Yamaha dealer. The use of an inappropriate replacement can pose a fire and shock hazard! WARNING The type of AC power cord provided with the S90 ES may be different depending on the country in which it is purchased (a third prong may be provided for grounding purposes). Improper connection of the grounding conductor can create the risk of electrical shock. Do NOT modify the plug provided with the S90 ES. If the plug will not fit the outlet, have a proper outlet installed by a qualified electrician. Do not use a plug adapter which defeats the grounding conductor. Power supply connections Connecting the speakers or pair of headphones Since the S90 ES has no built-in speakers, you will need to monitor the sound of the instrument by using external equipment. Connect a set of headphones, powered speakers, or other playback equipment as required. Turning the power on Make sure the volume settings of the S90 ES and external devices are turned down to the minimum. Turn the power on by pressing the [POWER] switch on the S90 ES rear panel, then turn the power on the amplifiers. Connecting MIDI devices or a Mixer Make sure that all volume settings are turned down all the way to the minimum. Then turn on the every device in your setup in the order of MIDI masters (controllers), MIDI slaves (receivers), then audio equipment (mixers, amplifiers, speakers, etc.). When powering down the setup, first turn down the volume of each audio device, then switch off each device in the reverse order (first audio devices, then MIDI). Owner’s Manual 9 Powered speaker (Left) Powered speaker (Right) Headphones OUTPUT L/MONO OUTPUT R PHONES S90 ES MASTER VOLUME 1 2 3 POWER ON!! MUSIC PRODUCTION SYNTHESIZER MIDI master S90 ES Audio equipment (first mixer, then amplifier) Playing the keyboard Adjusting the sound and the display contrast Adjust the volume levels of the S90 ES and the connected amplifier/speaker system. If the display is not easily visible, use the Contrast control to adjust for optimum visibility. Playing the keyboard Playing the sounds Try playing some of the realistic and dynamic S90 ES sounds from the keyboard now. When you turn the power on following the directions in “Power supply connections” (page 8), the display below appears. n In the default settings, the Master mode is selected. For details about the modes, refer to the section “Modes” on page 12. In this condition you can play the keyboard and hear the sounds of the selected program. When the instrument is turned on, the “Wide River” program—featuring a natural, mellow piano sound with a rhythmic arpeggio and ambient synth—is automatically called up. Notice the indication “Performance:USER1:001(A01)” at the top right of the display. This indicates that Performance 001 in User bank 1 is currently selected. A “Performance” is one of the types of programs of the S90 ES. As described below, the instrument also features other types: Voices and Multis. n For details about Banks, see page 30. Please note that Performances and Multis have only User Banks (no other banks are available). 10 Owner’s Manual Adjust the volume with the Adjust the display contrast with the MASTER VOLUME slider. Contrast control. Contrast control SF1 F1 MASTER VOLUME Now that you’ve set up the S90 ES properly, you’re ready to begin playing it. n When you are ready to turn off the S90 ES, make sure to switch off the power of the external device (or lower its volume) before switching off the S90 ES. Indicates that the Master mode is selected. Indicates the type of selected program. Indicates the name and number of selected program. Selecting and playing the sounds The S90 ES provides three different types of programs for playing the sounds: Voices, Performances, and Multis. The basic difference among these programs is in their use—for playing the keyboard, or for creating music with multiple parts. For playing the keyboard Voice: This program contains a basic instrument sound, such as a piano, guitar, bass guitar, drum kit, etc. You can choose from 128 different Voices, Performances, and Multis in the Master mode. To change the desired Master number, use the [INC/ YES] button, [DEC/NO] button, or the Data dial. Change the Master number, and then try playing the various Voices or Performance types. When a Voice is assigned to the selected Master number, “Voice” will appear at the top of the display. When a Performance is assigned, “Performance” will appear in the display. n Although a Multi can be used for playing the keyboard, it is primarily intended for creating, recording and playback of multi-part music. For details about using this function, see page 70. As you play the various Voices and Performances, notice the differences between them—especially how some Performances sound exceptionally rich and more complex than Voices. Here, we’ve introduced the operations in the Master mode that is called up first when turning the power on. The S90 ES has other modes of operation as well. In the next section, we’ll explain about the modes of the S90 ES and how they are used. For creating music of multiple parts Performance: Multi: This program allows you to This program allows you to play combine several Voices multiple tracks from an external together—either in a richly sequencer, using many different textured layer, or separately Voices simultaneously. (as in different sections of the keyboard) for playing several different parts simultaneously. Decreases number Increases number DEC/NO INC/YES Decreases number Increases number Playing the keyboard 11 Owner’s Manual Modes Modes There are several operation modes in the S90 ES, and they can be selected by using the six mode buttons. The use of the individual modes depends on your particular musical application. For 12 Owner’s Manual VOICE PERFORM MASTER 1 2 3 playing the keyboard conventionally, the Voice or Performance mode should be used. If you’re creating music, particularly multi- part arrangements, use the Multi mode and Sequence Play mode. To make global settings for the instrument and back up your MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY 4 5 6 important data, use the Utility and File modes. A special Master mode is also included for instantly calling up desired modes and EDIT JOB STORE related settings together in one button press, without having to first select a mode. COMPARE REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO 1 Playing the keyboard 2 Playing the keyboard 3 Creating original using a Voice using multiple Voices program sets Voice mode Performance mode Master mode [VOICE] button [PERFORM] button [MASTER] button The S90 ES has a wealth of high-quality, In the Performance mode, you can play The Master mode can be used in two ways: dynamic sounds—also referred to as “Voices.” several Voices together in a layer, or play You can play these Voices—one Voice at a different Voices from separate ranges of the time—from the keyboard in the Voice mode. keyboard. Each of these combinations of The S90 ES also lets you create your own Voices is called a “Performance.” This mode original Voices. lets you create richly textured, layered sounds or play two different parts simultaneously—for example, piano and bass guitar—and is 44 n Pressing the [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button toggles between the Multi mode and Sequence Play mode. • Storing your favorite programs This lets you register settings that you often use in the Voice, Performance, or Multi mode, and instantly recall the mode and custom settings together in a single button press, without having to first select a mode. particularly useful when performing solo. • Playing as a master keyboard This lets you divide the keyboard into four separate sections—just as if you were playing four different MIDI keyboards. Recording via an external sequencer 5 Backing up data 6 Setting the system parameters Multi mode File mode Utility mode [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button [FILE] button [UTILITY] button The Multi mode lets you use the S90 ES as a The File mode lets you save your S90 ES The Utility mode lets you set parameters that multi-timbral tone generator for sequencer data to the USB storage device, and allows apply to the entire system of the S90 ES. song playback. By assigning a different Voice you to load the USB device data to the These parameter settings are applied to all to each track in a song file on your external S90 ES. Voices, Performances, and Multis. sequencer, you can play back complex multi- You can store your data to the S90 ES; part ensemble recordings. however, for best safe-keeping, Yamaha recommends that you back up your important data to a USB storage devise.
  3. The settings for each Voice, Performance, or Multi can be determined in the respective Voice mode, Performance mode, or Multi mode. Playing back MIDI files SMF (Standard MIDI File) format only Sequence Play mode [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button In the Sequence Play mode, you can play back song data created on an external sequencer, using the S90 ES as a multi-part tone generator. Multiple SMF files can be played in order, and files saved to a USB storage device can be played back directly without having to load the data to the S90 ES.

Basic instructions Basic instructions Voices—the basic building blocks of the S90 ES Voices—created in the Voice mode—are the basic sonic building blocks for the other modes of the S90 ES. The Performance and Multi programs are made up of different Voices, used together for specific performance or song recording applications. The S90 ES features an exceptionally wide variety of preset Voices for playing in virtually any musical style. Try searching through the Voices to find your favorites. Once you’ve explored them and feel comfortable with them, try branching out creatively and use the editing features to make your own original Voices. Selecting a preset Voice Page 30 Creating a new Voice Page 44 Combine several Voices to create a Performance or Multi To play several different Voices together simultaneously, select a Performance. To use the S90 ES as a multi-timbral tone generator with your sequencer, select a Multi. The S90 ES contains a full set of specially programmed 128 Performances and 64 Multis. With the help of the Multis, the S90 ES can be used to play back MIDI song files from a connected USB device. Selecting a preset Performance Page 34 Creating a new Performance Page 36, 53 Creating music using a Multi and your computer Page 70 Playing back a MIDI file Page 96 Master mode—Create a master keyboard setup or instantly call up your desired programs The Master mode lets you register your favorite Voices, Performances, and Multis together into easy-to- select Master programs. No matter what mode is used—Voice, Performance or Multi—you can have it instantly and automatically selected when you call up the appropriate Master. The Master mode can also be used to divide the keyboard into four sections—each with its own Voice— just as if you were playing four different MIDI keyboards. Making Master mode settings Page 90 Convenient remote control of your computer software The panel of the S90 ES also serves as a convenient control surface for your computer music system. Use the buttons and sliders to control the audio mixer and sequencer transport functions in your MIDI/audio software. This highly intuitive approach gives you hands-on control over your virtual studio—a level of control that a keyboard and mouse can’t match. These features are available for any computer sequence software and Multi Part Editor software (Page 77) compatible with the Remote Control function. Remote-controlling the software Page 77 Global settings and data backup While the Voice, Performance, and Multi modes provide controls for using and editing the programs of the S90 ES, the Utility mode is the place where you make overall settings for the instrument—for example, adjusting the transpose and fine tuning controls, or switching between MIDI and USB operation. You can also archive your important S90 ES data to a USB storage device for safe-keeping. Making global system settings Page 163 Backing up important data Page 126 This concludes our short guide to the basic operations and functions of the S90 ES. Enjoy the dynamic, authentic sounds of the instrument as you continue to play it and create music on it. Make sure to follow the references above and go on to explore some of the other exciting and powerful features of the S90 ES. Owner’s Manual 13

Main Features Main Features ●Naturally responsive 88-Key Balanced Hammer Effect keyboard (with aftertouch), drawing on our extensive experience and expertise in piano-making. ●Wide range of dynamic and authentic voices. Use the Category Search function to quickly call up the sounds you want, based on their instrument type. ●Half Damper function that lets you finely control the decay of the sound—and expressively recreate the complex charactistics of acoustic instruments, especially piano and stringed instruments. ●Includes the newly developed Damper Resonance—an Insertion effect that reproduces the rich harmonics and unique sound characteristics of an actual grand piano when using the damper pedal. ●Stretch tuning used on many Voices—the same kind of tuning as used on an actual acoustic piano. ●Arpeggio feature, which automatically plays a variety of sequenced phrases in response to the keys you play. This function lets you easily call up various melody and rhythm patterns—over 1,700 types—providing instant inspiration for song creation and performance. ●Versatile Multi mode lets you set up the S90 ES for playing multiple instrument parts from your sequencer software, giving you all the sounds you need to realize complete, professional-sounding songs. Moreover, the corresponding Multi Library lets you have the proper instruments for the selected type of music called up instantly and automatically. ●Extensive effect processing, with Reverb (20 types), Chorus (49 types), eight separate Insertion blocks (each having two blocks and a total 117 types), Master Effect (8 types), and a digital equalizer (3-band Part EQ and 5- band Master EQ). ●Comprehensive real-time control with four Control Sliders—letting you adjust filter, levels, effects, EG, and more, while you play. ●Master mode—for using the S90 ES as a master keyboard controller (with independent Zones), and for easily reconfiguring the instrument between Voice/Performance play and Multi play in live applications. ●Remote Control—for operating your favorite sequencer software from the S90 ES. ●Three Modular Synthesis Plug-in System slots, which let you upgrade the S90 ES with a completely new synthesizer or sound-processing engine. These Plug-in boards give you more voices, more effects, more polyphony and more instrument parts. Plus, special Plug-in voices have already been programmed and stored to the S90 ES, ready to be played as soon as you install the proper board. ●A full rear panel of input/output connections provides maximum interfacing flexibility. These include Assignable Outputs, A/D Inputs, MIDI, and two USB. Moreover, an optional mLAN16E board can be installed. ●Two USB connectors—USB TO HOST for connecting to computer, and USB TO DEVICE for connecting to storage devices, such as a hard disk drive or flash disk. ●Compatibility with Yamaha's powerful Voice Editor and Multi Part Editor software—featuring comprehensive, intutive editing of all parameters from your computer. 14 Owner’s Manual

Using the Owner’s Manual Using the Owner’s Manual Setting up and Playing .........................................................................................................................................Page 8 This section gives you all you need to know about getting started in playing and using your S90 ES—from setting up and turning on the power to performing basic operations. The Controls & Connectors ...............................................................................................................................Page 16 Use this section to find out about all of the buttons and controls of the S90 ES. Basic Operation ..................................................................................................................................................Page 21 This section introduces you to the basic operation conventions of this instrument, such as editing values and changing settings. Quick Guide.........................................................................................................................................................Page 29 In this tutorial section, you will take a guided tour through the various functions of this instrument, and get some hands-on experience in playing using it. Basic Structure .................................................................................................................................................Page 108 This section provides a detailed overview of all of the main functions and features of this instrument, and shows how they fit together. Reference...........................................................................................................................................................Page 127 The S90 ES encyclopedia. This section explains all parameters, settings functions, features, modes and operations in full detail. Appendix............................................................................................................................................................Page 176 Information on installing options, specifications, error messages, and more. Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................................Page 189 If the S90 ES does not function as expected or you have some problem with the sound or operation, refer to this section before calling your Yamaha dealer or service center. Most common problems and their solutions are covered here in a very simple and easy-to-understand way. Data List (separate booklet) This contains various important lists such as the Voice List, Effect List, and MIDI Implementation Chart. Various pages and menus appear on the LCD display of this instrument depending the selected mode or function. Throughout this manual, arrows are used in the instructions, indicating in shorthand the process of calling up certain displays and functions. The example instructions below indicate to 1) press the [VOICE] button, 2) select a Normal Voice, 3) press the [EDIT] button, 4) select an Element, 5) press the [F1] OSC button, and 6) press the [SF2] OUTPUT button. [VOICE] → Normal Voice selection → [EDIT] → Element selection → [F1] OSC → [SF2] OUTPUT n When a confirmation message (page 26) or Control Function window (page 42) is shown in the display, press the [EXIT] button to exit from that condition, then execute the instructions as in the above example. Likewise, press the [REMOTE] button to exit from the Remote Control mode, then execute the instructions as in the above example when the S90 ES is in the Remote Control mode. Owner’s Manual 15

The Controls & Connectors Front Panel 6 9 ) @

*

TM ¶ ∞ 4 5 7 8 ! %^ & (o¡ £ ¢ §A-1 B-1 C0 D0 E0 F0 G0 A0 B0 C1 D1 E1 F1 G1 A1 B1 C2 D2 E2 F2 G2 A2 B2 C3 D3 E3 F3 G3 A3 B3 C4 D4 E4 F4 G4 A4 B5 C5 D5 E5 F5 G5 A5 B5 C6 D6 E6 F6 G6 A6 B6 C732 1n When setting the following parameter to “0,” each key corresponds to the note name shown in the illustrations. [UTILITY] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF2] KBD → Octave. Refer to this illustration when setting parameters having note name values, such as Note Limit. 1 Keyboard The keyboard is equipped with a touch response feature (both initial touch and aftertouch). With initial touch, the instrument senses how strongly or softly you play the keys, and uses that playing strength to affect the sound in various ways, depending on the selected voice. With aftertouch, the instrument senses how much pressure you apply to the keys while playing, and uses that pressure to affect the sound in various ways, depending on the selected voice. Moreover, any of a variety of functions can be assigned to aftertouch for each voice (page 62). 2 Pitch bend wheel Page 41 Controls the pitch bend effect. You can also assign other functions to this controller. 3 Modulation wheel Page 41 Controls the modulation effect. You can also assign other functions to this controller. 4 [MASTER VOLUME] slider Adjusts the master volume. Move the slider upwards to raise the output level from the OUTPUT L/R jacks and the PHONES jack. $ PAN/SEND PAN REVERB CHORUS TEMPO MODE PROGRAM ASSIGN ASSIGN A ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 ASSIGN 2 USER 1 USER 2 TONE CUTOFF RESONANCE ATTACK RELEASE SLOT 1 SLOT 2 SLOT 3 ARP FX SWING GATETIME VELOCITY UNITMULTIPLY VOICE PERFORM MASTER DRUM KITS PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 CATEGORY SEARCH MEF MEF 1 MEF 2 MEF 3 MEF 4 VOLUME EQ LOW LOW MID HIGH MID HIGH A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE VOLUME 1 VOLUME 2 VOLUME 3 VOLUME 4 MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY SYN LEAD EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE COMMON ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO MUTE SOLO MASTER VOLUME ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 ZONE 4 FAVORITES A B C D E F G HDEC/NO INC/YES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 EXIT ENTER 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 EXECUTE SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI TRACK SELECT SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 PAN/SEND PAN REVERB CHORUS TEMPO MODE PROGRAM ASSIGN ASSIGN A ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 ASSIGN 2 USER 1 USER 2 TONE CUTOFF RESONANCE ATTACK RELEASE SLOT 1 SLOT 2 SLOT 3 ARP FX SWING GATETIME VELOCITY UNITMULTIPLY VOICE PERFORM MASTER DRUM KITS PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 CATEGORYSEARCH MEF MEF 1 MEF 2 MEF 3 MEF 4 VOLUME EQ LOW LOW MID HIGH MID HIGH A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN GUITAR/ PLUCKED BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE VOLUME 1 VOLUME 2 VOLUME 3 VOLUME 4 MULTI /SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY SYN LEAD EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE COMMON ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE REMOTE EFFECTBYPASS ARPEGGIO MUTE SOLO MASTER VOLUME ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 ZONE 4 FAVORITES A B C D E F G HDEC/NO INC/YES 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 EXIT ENTER 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 EXECUTE SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI SELECT TRACKSF1 F1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 5 Control sliders 1 - 4 Page 42 These four highly versatile sliders let you adjust various aspects or parameters of the current Voice. Use the Control function buttons above to change the parameter set for the Control sliders. n If all of the Control sliders are set to the minimum, you may not hear any sound from the instrument, even when playing the keyboard. If this is the case, raise all the sliders to a suitable level. n The [MASTER VOLUME] slider adjusts the output level from this instrument. On the other hand, the volume adjustment by Control slider adjusts the MIDI volume value for the corresponding Element or Part. 6 Control function buttons Page 43 Use the Control function buttons to change the parameter set for the Control sliders. 7 LCD Contrast control Page 10 Use this control to set the LCD display for optimum legibility. 8 [F1] - [F6] (Function) buttons Page 23 These buttons located directly below the LCD display call up the corresponding functions indicated in the display. In the display hierarchy, these functions [F] rank just below the modes. 16 Owner’s Manual 9 [SF1] - [SF6] (Sub Function) buttons Page 23 These buttons located directly below the LCD display call up the corresponding sub functions indicated in the display. In the display hierarchy, these sub functions [SF] rank just below the functions [F]. These buttons can be also used to store/recall the Arpeggio type in each Play mode. (page 39) ) LCD Display The large backlit LCD displays the parameters and values related to the currently selected operation or mode. ! [INFORMATION] button Page 27 For calling up a special “help” feature that shows information about the currently selected mode. You can go back to the previous display by pressing this button again or pressing any other button. Depending on the selected display, this button may be used to call up a window for inputting characters (page 27), or for selecting keys (page 53). @ Data dial Page 25 For editing the currently selected parameter. To increase the value, turn the dial right (clockwise); to decrease the value, turn the dial left (counter-clockwise). If a parameter with a wide value range is selected, you can change the value in broader strokes by quickly turning the dial.

[INC/YES] button Page 25

For increasing the value of the currently selected parameter. Also use it to actually execute a Job or a Store operation. $ [DEC/NO] button Page 25 For decreasing the value of the currently selected parameter. Also use it to cancel a Job or a Store operation. n You can also use the [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons to quickly move through parameter values in 10-unit jumps, especially those with large ranges. Simply hold down one of the buttons (of the direction you want to jump), and simultaneously press the other. For example, to jump in the positive direction, hold down the [INC/YES] button and press [DEC/NO]. % Cursor buttons Page 25 The cursor buttons move the “cursor” around the LCD display screen, highlighting and selecting the various parameters. ^ [EXIT] button Page 22 The menus and displays of this synthesizer are organized according to a hierarchical structure. Press this button to exit from the current display and return to the previous level in the hierarchy. Front Panel & [ENTER] button Use this button to execute a Job or a Store operation. Also use this button to actually enter a number when selecting a Memory or Bank for Voice or Performance. In the File mode, use this button to go to the next lowest level in the selected directory. n In the File mode, the [EXIT] and [ENTER] buttons may be used to move folders in the USB storage device.

  • MODE buttons Page 22 These buttons select the operating modes (e.g., Voice mode). ( [REMOTE] button Page 78 The Remote mode lets you control sequencer software on your computer from the panel controls of the instrument. Turn the [REMOTE] button on to enter the Remote mode. n When setting the MIDI IN/OUT parameter to “MIDI” ([UTILITY] → [F5] MIDI → [SF4] OTHER) or setting both of Mode A and Mode B to “off” ([UTILITY] → [F4] CTL ASN → [SF4] REMOTE), you cannot enter the Remote mode even by pressing the [REMOTE] button. Set these parameters to appropriate values (page 78) then enter the Remote mode. o [EFFECT BYPASS] button Page 119 The extensive effect section of the instrument provides Insertion effects (eight sets, with two effect units per set), System effects (Reverb and Chorus), and Master effects. The [EFFECT BYPASS] button enables you to turn the corresponding effect blocks on or off with a single touch. From the following display, you can select the specific effect(s) to be bypassed when the [EFFECT BYPASS] button. [UTILITY] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF3] EF BYPS display n If you install an optional Effect Plug-in Board (PLG100-VH), Plug-in Insertion effects can also be used (page 103). ¡ [ARPEGGIO] button Page 39 Press this button to enable or disable playback of the Arpeggio for each Voice, Performance, Multi. If the Arpeggio Switch of the selected part is set to off in the Performance/Multi mode, however, pressing this button has no effect. TM Bank buttons Pages 30, 32 Each button selects a Voice Bank. When the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button is turned on, these buttons can be used to select the desired category (printed below each button). £ Group [A] - [H] buttons Pages 31, 32 Each button selects a Voice or Performance Group. When the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button is turned on, these buttons can be used to select the desired category (printed below each button). ¢ Number [1] - [16] buttons Use of these buttons differs depending on the on/off status of the [TRACK SELECT] and [MUTE] buttons. Owner’s Manual 17

Rear Panel ∞ [CATEGORY SEARCH] button Page 32 ¶ SLOT 1 - 3 lamps Page 99 When this button is turned on, the lower row of Bank These three lamps show the installation status of the buttons (labeled A.PIANO—REED/PIPE below the Plug-in Boards. If the Plug-in Board has been correctly buttons) and the Group buttons can be used to select installed, the corresponding SLOT lamp will light. the Voice/Performance category. n The Vocal Harmony Plug-in Board (PLG100-VH) can be installed § [TRACK SELECT] button Page 104 [MUTE] button Page 105 The buttons enable you to switch the function of Number 18 Owner’s Manual only to slot 1. n The Multi part Plug-in Board (PLG100-XG) can be installed only to slot 3. [1] - [16] buttons. For details, see the “¢ Number [1] - [16] buttons.” ■ Functions of the Number [1] - [16] buttons Rear Panel 1 POWER Switch Use this to switch the synthesizer on or off. 2 AC INLET (AC Power Cord Socket) Page 8 Be sure the plug the AC power cord into this socket before plugging the power cord into an AC outlet. Use only the AC power cord supplied with the S90 ES. 3 Plug-in Board Slots 1 - 3 (Plug-in Boards cover) Page 184 Installing an optional Plug-in Board to the S90 ES lets you greatly expand the sonic palette of the instrument. Up to three boards can be installed to the S90 ES’s rear panel. When [TRACK SELECT] button is on When [MUTE] button is on When both [TRACK SELECT] and [MUTE] buttons are off Voice Play mode Keyboard transmit channel setting — Voice selection, according to Groups A - H Voice Edit mode Element selection (1 - 4) and Element Mute setting (9 - 12) — Performance Play mode Keyboard transmit channel setting Performance Part Mute setting (1 - 4) Performance or Voice selection (if Performance Edit mode Performance part selection (1 - 4) cursor is located at Voice name), according to Groups A - H Master Play mode Keyboard transmit channel setting (when memorizing the Voice mode or Performance mode to the current Master) or Multi Part selection (when memorizing the Multi mode to the current Master) Master selection, according to Groups A - H Master Edit mode Zone selection (1 - 4) — — Multi Play mode Part selection Part Mute setting Multi or Voice selection (if cursor is Multi Edit mode located at Voice name), according to Groups A - D Sequence Play mode Keyboard transmit channel setting Part Mute setting — Multi Voice Edit mode Element selection (1 - 4) and Element Mute setting (9 - 12) — Plug-in SLOT Part Mute setting (when registering a Performance or a Multi) 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 $ USB MIDI FOOT SWITCH FOOT CONTROLLER BREATH ASSIGNABLE SUSTAIN 2 1 TO DEVICE TO HOST THRU OUT IN FOOT PEDAL GREEN YELLOW ORANGE ASSIGNABLE OUTPUT OUTPUTPHONES A/D INPUT GAIN R L R L/MONO R L 2 9 ) ! @

4 USB connectors Page 67 This instrument is equipped with two types of USB connectors on the rear panel—USB TO HOST and USB TO DEVICE. The USB TO HOST connector is used to connect this instrument to the computer via the USB cable. The USB connection between the instrument and the computer can only be used for transfer of MIDI data. Unlike MIDI, USB can handle multiple ports via a single cable. The USB connection can only be used for transfer of MIDI data. No audio data can be transferred via USB. The USB TO DEVICE connector is used to connect this instrument to a USB storage device (hard disk drive, CD-ROM drive, MO drive, flash disk, etc.) via the USB cable. This lets you save the data created on this

Rear Panel instrument to the external USB storage device and load ) OUTPUT L/MONO & R jacks Pages 9, 63 the data from the external USB storage device to the Line level audio signals are output via these phone instrument. Save and Load operations are executed in jacks. For monophonic output, use just the L/MONO the File mode. (Pages 50, 56, 76) jack. n For details about USB, see page 20 . ! PHONES jack Page 9 USB For connection to a pair of stereo headphones. USB is an abbreviation for Universal Serial Bus. It is a serial interface for connecting a computer with peripheral devices, @ A/D INPUT jacks Page 38 and enables much faster data transfer compared to External audio signals can be input via these phone conventional serial port connections. jacks (1/4" mono phone plug). Various devices such as microphone, guitar, bass, CD player, synthesizer can be 5 MIDI IN/OUT/THRU connectors Page 65 connected to these jacks and their audio input signal MIDI IN receives MIDI messages from an external MIDI device. Use this connector to control the synthesizer can be sounded as the AUDIO IN part of the Performance or Multi. from an external MIDI device. MIDI OUT is for For stereo signals (such as from audio equipment), use transmitting all control, performance and playback data both jacks. For mono signals (such as from a from the S90 ES to another MIDI device, such as an microphone or guitar), use only the L jack. external sequencer. You can also play the external tone generator by using

GAIN knob Page 38 the S90 ES and control the external MIDI device.

For adjusting the input gain of the audio at the A/D MIDI THRU is simply for redirecting any received MIDI data (via MIDI IN) to connected devices, allowing convenient chaining of additional MIDI instruments. Owner’s Manual 19 INPUT jacks (above). Depending on the connected device (microphone, CD player, etc.), you may need to adjust this for optimum level. 6 BREATH Controller jack Page 59 Connect an optional breath controller BC3 here. You can use the Breath Controller to change the output level or tone of the sounds according to the strength of your breath. $ mLAN expansion board (mLAN16E) cover Pages 88, 184 The mLAN expansion board (mLAN16E) sold separately can be installed to this instrument. With the mLAN16E board, you can conveniently and easily hook up your S90 ES to other mLAN compatible 7 FOOT SWITCH jacks Page 59 instruments or devices. For connection of optional FC3, FC4 or FC5 Footswitches. When connected to the SUSTAIN jack, the Footswitch ■ When the optional mLAN16E has been installed: controls sustain. 1 When connected to ASSIGNABLE, it can control one of various different assignable functions. JAPAN IN MADE ACTIVE n The SUSTAIN jack can be used with the FC3, FC4, or FC5. The IEEE1394 12 ASSIGNABLE jack can be used with the FC4 or FC5. 8 FOOT CONTROLLER 1 and 2 jacks Page 59 An optional foot controller (FC7, etc.) can be connected n The illustration above shows the panel of the mLAN16E expansion board with the included sticker label affixed. Make sure to attach here. Each jack lets you continuously control one of this label to the mLAN16E (page 187). various different assignable functions — such as volume, tone, pitch, or other aspects of the sound. 1 mLAN (IEEE1394) connectors 1, 2 For connecting mLAN devices or IEEE1394-compatible 9 ASSIGNABLE OUT L and R jacks Page 63 devices via IEEE1394 standard (6-pin) cables. Line level audio signals are output from this instrument via these phone jacks (1/4" mono phone plug). These outputs are independent of the main output (at the L/MONO and R jacks below), and can be freely assigned to any of the Drum Voice keys or the Parts. This lets you route specific Voices or sounds for processing with a favorite outboard effect unit. mLAN The parts which can be assigned to these jacks are as “mLAN” is a digital network designed for musical follows: applications. It uses and extends the industry standard IEEE 1394 high performance serial bus. • Drum Voice key to which the drum/percussion instrument is assigned

  • The name “mLAN” and its logo (above) are trademarks. • Any Part of a Performance • Any Part of a Multi * Including the Audio Input Part mLAN16E BOARD EXPANSION mLAN

Using USB storage devices Using USB storage devices When using USB storage devices, make sure to connect them to the USB TO DEVICE connector, and follow the important precautions below. ■ Compatible USB devices Connect only a USB storage device (such as hard disk, CD- ROM, flash disk and other drives) to the USB TO DEVICE connector. Other devices such as a computer keyboard or mouse cannot be used. Both bus-powered (powered by the host device) or self powered (battery or external power supply) types can be used. The S90 ES does not necessarily support all commercially available USB storage devices. Yamaha cannot guarantee operation of USB storage devices that you purchase. Before purchasing USB storage devices, please consult your Yamaha dealer, or an authorized Yamaha distributor (see list at end of the Owner’s Manual) for advice, or see the following website: http://www.yamahasynth.com/ n Although CD-R/W drives can be used to load data to the instrument, they cannot be used for saving data. However, you can transfer data to a computer and save data to a CD using the CD-R/W drive on the computer. ■ Formatting USB storage media When a USB storage device is connected or media is inserted, a “USB device unformatted.” message may appear in the LCD display, indicating that the device or media must be formatted for use. Execute the Format operation in the File mode (Page 168). ■ To protect your data (Write-protect): To prevent important data from being inadvertently erased, apply the write-protect provided with each storage device or media. If you are saving data to the USB storage device, make sure to remove the write-protect. 20 Owner’s Manual USB connector types There are two different types of USB connectors, and the rear panel of the instrument features both. Take care not to confuse the two. USB TO HOST connector This type is used to connect the instrument to a computer, and allows you to transfer MIDI data between the devices. The USB connection between the instrument and the computer can only be used for transfer of MIDI data. Unlike MIDI, USB can handle multiple ports via a single cable. USB cables have different connectors on each end: the A type and the B type. Connect the A type to your computer and the B type to the USB TO HOST connector. USB TO DEVICE connector This type is used to connect the instrument to a USB storage device, and allows you to save data you’ve created to the connected device, as well as load data from the connected device. This lets you save the data created on this instrument to the external USB storage device and load the data from the external USB storage device to the instrument. Save and Load operations are executed in the File mode (page 168). USB cables have different connectors on each end: the A type and the B type. Connect the A type to the USB TO DEVICE connector and the B type to the USB Precautions when using the USB TO DEVICE storage device. connector Never turn the USB device’s power on/off and never plug/unplug the USB cable when the connected USB MIDI data transfer storage device is the self powered type. Doing so may result in the operation of the synthesizer “freezing” or hanging up. Connecting to a computer Saving/Loading data in the File mode (page 168) While the instrument is accessing data (such as in the Save, Load and Delete operations in the File mode), do NOT unplug the USB cable, do NOT remove the B type A type Connecting to a USB storage device (hard media from the device, and do NOT turn the power off to either device. Doing so may corrupt the data on USB TO HOST connector USB TO DEVICE disk, CD-ROM, flash connector disk and other drives) either or both devices. S90 ES n The computer cannot access the USB storage device connected to the S90 ES’s USB TO DEVICE connector, even if connecting as shown above. Only from the File mode on the instrument itself can you access the data on the USB storage device connected to the USB TO DEVICE connector. n Though the S90 ES supports the USB 1.1 standard, you can connect and use a USB 2.0 storage device with the S90 ES. However, note that the transfer speed complies to USB 1.1.

Basic Operation In this section you’ll learn about the fundamental operations of the S90 ES—the use of the panel controls and how to execute basic functions such as selecting programs, naming programs/files, and using the keyboard to directly enter certain values. This section starts off with the Factory Set operation, which allows you to restore the instrument to its original condition—in case you’ve inadvertently changed any important settings. Restoring the Factory-programmed S90 ES The S90 ES has a Factory Set function for restoring your S90 ES’s memory to the factory default settings. This lets you restore the synthesizer’s default User Voices, Performances and Multis, as well as its System and other settings. CAUTION Keep in mind that once you edit any settings, the corresponding factory defaults will be overwritten and lost. Make sure you are not overwriting any important data. You should back up any important data to the USB device beforehand (page 126).

  1. Press the [UTILITY] button to enter the Utility mode (the indicator lights).
  2. Press the [JOB] button to enter the Utility Job mode.

VOICE PERFORM MASTER MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO VOICE PERFORM MASTER MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO

  1. Press the [ENTER] button. (The display prompts you for confirmation.) To return to the original display, press the [DEC/NO] button. To execute the Factory Set, press the [INC/YES] button.
  2. After the Factory Set has been completed, a “Completed” message appears and operation returns to the original display. For Factory Set operations that take longer to process, you will see the message “Executing...” or “Please Keep Power On!” during processing. Do not switch the power off while this message is on the display. Turning the power off in this state results in loss of all user data and may cause the system to freeze. This means that this synthesizer may not be able to start up properly, even when turning the power on next time. n All settings in the Utility mode that are related to the Plug-in boards are stored only to the memory on those respective boards, and not to the memory of this synthesizer. Because of this, the Factory Set operation cannot be used to restore settings for those devices. CAUTION 21 Owner’s Manual Functions of the MODE buttons Functions of the MODE buttons VOICE PERFORM MASTER Enters the mode corresponding to each button. For details about each mode, see page 12. MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY Enters each Store mode when pressing the [STORE] button in the Voice, Performance, Multi, or Master mode, letting you store the edited program for the relevant mode. In the Utility mode, pressing the [STORE] button directly executes the Enters each Edit mode when pressing the [EDIT] EDIT JOB STORE Store operation. button in the Voice, Performance, Multi, or Master mode. You can edit each program in the Edit Enters each Job mode when pressing the [JOB] COMPARE button in the Voice, Performance, Multi, Master, or REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO Utility mode. You can initialize and copy data in the Job mode. Controls the computer software by using the buttons and controllers on S90 ES (Page 77). Turns the effects and Arpeggio functions on or off (Pages 39, 119). Mode table The functions of each mode and how to enter mode are as follows: Mode Function How to enter the mode Voice mode Play mode Playing a Voice [VOICE] Edit mode Editing/Creating a Voice [VOICE] → [EDIT] Job mode Initializing a Voice, etc. [VOICE] → [JOB] Store mode Storing a Voice to internal memory [VOICE] → [STORE] Performance mode Play mode Playing a Performance [PERFORM] Edit mode Editing/Creating a Performance [PERFORM] → [EDIT] Job mode Initializing a Performance, etc. [PERFORM] → [JOB] Store mode Storing a Performance to internal memory [PERFORM] → [STORE] Multi mode Play mode Playing a Multi [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] Edit mode Editing/Creating a Multi [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [EDIT] Job mode Initializing a Multi, etc. [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [JOB] Store mode Storing a Multi to internal memory [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [STORE] Master mode Play mode Playing a Master [MASTER] Edit mode Editing/Creating a Master [MASTER] → [EDIT] Job mode Initializing a Master, etc. [MASTER] → [JOB] Store mode Storing a Master to internal memory [MASTER] → [STORE] Sequence Play mode Play mode Playing back MIDI files [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] Job mode Utility mode Setting system related parameters [UTILITY] Job mode Restoring factory defaults [UTILITY] → [JOB] File mode File mode Managing files and folders (directories) [FILE] n Pressing the [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button toggles between the Multi mode and Sequence Play mode. ■ How to leave the current display For most operations or displays, pressing the [EXIT] button will let you leave the current display and return you to the previous one. You can return back to each Play mode by pressing the [EXIT] button several times in the respective mode. DEC/NO INC/YES EXIT ENTER EXECUTE 22 Owner’s Manual Functions and Sub-Functions Each mode described above contains various displays, with various functions and parameters. To navigate your way through these displays and select a desired function, use the [F1] - [F6] buttons and the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons. When you select a mode, the available displays or menus appear directly above the buttons at the bottom of the display (as shown below). Using the Function buttons [F1] - [F6] Depending on the currently selected mode, up to six functions are available and can be called up with the [F1] - [F6] buttons. Keep in mind that the available functions differ depending on the selected mode. Using the Sub-Function buttons [SF1] - [SF5] Depending on the currently selected mode, up to five functions (sub-functions) are available and can be called up with the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons. Keep in mind that the available functions differ depending on the selected mode. (Some displays may not have any sub-functions for these buttons.) Selecting a Program In order to play the S90 ES you’ll need to call up one of its programs, i.e., a Voice, Performance, Multi, or Master. These programs can be selected in each Play mode via the same procedure. ■ Using the [INC/YES], [DEC/NO] buttons and the data dial The [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons let you step up or down through the program numbers in any of the Play modes (Voice, Performance, Multi, and Master). Rotating the data dial to the right (clockwise) increases the program number, while rotating it to the left (counter-clockwise) decreases it. This control works in the same way as the [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons, but lets you scroll through the programs more quickly. Functions and Sub-Functions These functions can be selected via the corresponding button ([F1] - [F6]).

SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 In this example, press the [F5] button to go to the LFO display. These functions can be selected via the corresponding button ([SF1] - [SF5]). SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 In this example, press the [SF5] button to go to the OTHER display. In this example, press the [SF5] button to go to the OTHER display.

Decreases number Increases number

DEC/NO INC/YES Decreases number Increases number Owner’s Manual 23

Selecting a Program ■ Using the Group, Number buttons As shown below, you can select a program number by pressing any of the Group [A] - [H] buttons and pressing any of the Number [1] - [16] buttons. USER 1 USER 2 SLOT 1 SLOT 2 SLOT 3 DRUM KITS PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 CATEGORY SEARCH A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE SYN LEAD MUTE SOLO n The convenient Category Search function (page 32) lets you easily locate and select the Voices or Performance you want by type. The Voice program numbers and the corresponding Group/Numbers are listed below. n When selecting a Voice, it is necessary to press one of the Bank buttons before pressing the Group and Number buttons. n The amount of numbers differ depending on the program. For example, while the selected number range of the Normal Voice, Performance, and Master is 001 - 128, the selected number range of the Multi is 001 - 064. 24 Owner’s Manual FAVORITES A B C D E F G HSYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 SELECT TRACK COMMON ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE Program Number Group Number Program Number Group Number Program Number Group Number Program Number Group Number 001 A 1 033 C 1 065 E 1 097 G 1 002 A 2 034 C 2 066 E 2 098 G 2 003 A 3 035 C 3 067 E 3 099 G 3 004 A 4 036 C 4 068 E 4 100 G 4 005 A 5 037 C 5 069 E 5 101 G 5 006 A 6 038 C 6 070 E 6 102 G 6 007 A 7 039 C 7 071 E 7 103 G 7 008 A 8 040 C 8 072 E 8 104 G 8 009 A 9 041 C 9 073 E 9 105 G 9 010 A 10 042 C 10 074 E 10 106 G 10 011 A 11 043 C 11 075 E 11 107 G 11 012 A 12 044 C 12 076 E 12 108 G 12 013 A 13 045 C 13 077 E 13 109 G 13 014 A 14 046 C 14 078 E 14 110 G 14 015 A 15 047 C 15 079 E 15 111 G 15 016 A 16 048 C 16 080 E 16 112 G 16 017 B 1 049 D 1 081 F 1 113 H 1 018 B 2 050 D 2 082 F 2 114 H 2 019 B 3 051 D 3 083 F 3 115 H 3 020 B 4 052 D 4 084 F 4 116 H 4 021 B 5 053 D 5 085 F 5 117 H 5 022 B 6 054 D 6 086 F 6 118 H 6 023 B 7 055 D 7 087 F 7 119 H 7 024 B 8 056 D 8 088 F 8 120 H 8 025 B 9 057 D 9 089 F 9 121 H 9 026 B 10 058 D 10 090 F 10 122 H 10 027 B 11 059 D 11 091 F 11 123 H 11 028 B 12 060 D 12 092 F 12 124 H 12 029 B 13 061 D 13 093 F 13 125 H 13 030 B 14 062 D 14 094 F 14 126 H 14 031 B 15 063 D 15 095 F 15 127 H 15 032 B 16 064 D 16 096 F 16 128 H 16

About the editing functions In this section, we’ll explain the basic operations for editing the Voice, Performance, Multi settings. Moving the Cursor and Setting Parameters Changing (editing) parameter values Rotating the data dial to the right (clockwise) increases the value, while rotating it to the left (counter-clockwise) decreases it. Moving the cursor Use these four buttons to navigate the display, moving the cursor around the various selectable items and parameters in the screen. When selected, the relevant item is highlighted (the cursor appears as a dark block with inverse characters). You can change the value of DEC/NO INC/YES For parameters with large value ranges, you can increase the value by 10 by simultaneously holding down the [INC/YES] button and pressing the [DEC/NO] button. To decrease by 10, do the opposite; simultaneously hold down the [DEC/NO] button and press the [INC/YES] button. the item (parameter) at which the cursor is located by using the data dial, [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons. EXIT ENTER EXECUTE Edit Indicator You can adjust or set various parameters by using the data dial, [INC/YES] button, [DEC/NO] button, and Control sliders in each mode. When changing the value of the parameter in the Voice, Performance, and Multi modes, the [E] (Edit Indicator) will appear on the top left corner of the LCD display. This indicates that the current program (Voice, Performance, or Multi) has been modified but not yet stored. If you wish to store your sound obtained by edit operation, be sure to store the current program to internal memory in the Store mode before selecting another program (pages 50, 56, 76). Edit Indicator If the Edit Indicator appears... About the editing functions EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE Owner’s Manual 25

Confirmation Message Compare Function This convenient function lets you switch between the edited sound and its original, unedited condition—allowing you to listen to the difference between the two and better hear how your edits affect the sound. For example, when editing a Voice in the Voice Edit mode, the “E” Edit indicator is shown. Pressing the [EDIT] button in this condition reverts to the original unedited sound (the button lamp flashes and the “C” Compare indicator is shown). Press the [EDIT] button again to return to the edited sound (page 104).

EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE Edit Recall Function EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE

If you are editing a program and select a different program without storing your edited one, all the edits you’ve made will be erased. However, the edited program is maintained in a backup memory location for the Edit Recall function. To restore the lost data with your latest edits intact, use the Edit Recall function in the Job mode (page 104). Job mode How to call up the Edit Recall display Voice [VOICE] → [JOB] → [F2] RECALL Performance [PERFORM] → [JOB] → [F2] RECALL Multi [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [JOB] → [F2] RECALL Confirmation Message When you execute certain operations, such as those in the Job, Store, and File modes, a confirmation message appears. This lets you actually execute the operation or cancel it if desired. If a confirmation message (like the one illustrated above) appears, press the [INC/YES] button to execute the operation or press the [DEC/NO] button to cancel it. 26 Owner’s Manual Edit Indicator (newly edited sound) Changes to the Compare Indicator (original sound) Information Display This convenient function lets you call up relevant details about the selected mode—simply by pressing the [INFORMATION] button. For example, when the Voice mode is active, you can quickly check information about which voice bank is selected, what Play mode (poly or mono) is being used, which effects are applied, and so on. For details, see page 176. Note (Key) settings Several parameters let you set a key range for a function—for example, in setting up a keyboard split—by specifying certain note values. You can use the [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons or data dial to set these parameters, or you can directly enter the values from the keyboard by pressing the appropriate keys (as shown below). n About the note name assigned to each key, see page 16. Naming You can freely name data you’ve created, such as voices and files saved to the USB storage device. The chart below lists the types of data that can be named along with the operations for calling up the respective naming displays. Data types that can be named How to call up the naming display Page Voice [VOICE] → [EDIT] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF1] NAME 128 [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [F3] VOICE → Normal Voice Selection → [F5] VCE ED 161 Performance [PERFORM] → [EDIT] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF1] NAME 150 Multi [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] → [EDIT] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF1] NAME 158 Master [MASTER] → [EDIT] → [F1] NAME 173 Volume Label of the USB storage device [FILE] → [F1] CONFIG → [SF3] FORMAT 168 File/Folder saved to the USB storage device [FILE] → [F2] SAVE or [F4] RENAME 168 First, call up the name input display according to the above table, then, move the cursor by using the Cursor button to the desired location and input a character. See below for details. n Since the name of the program is part of the data, make sure that you properly save the program after naming it. When Note Limit is selected, the [KBD] mark appears, indicating that you can use the keyboard to set the value. Simultaneously hold down the [INFORMATION] button and press the appropriate key. INFORMATION INFORMATION Information Display 27 Owner’s Manual Naming ■ Basic naming operation As shown below, you can set the name by repeating the two operations—moving the cursor to the desired location by using the Cursor button and selecting a character by using the data dial, [INC/YES] button, and [DEC/NO] button. Moving the cursor to the desired location on the name Selecting a character at the cursor location ■ Using the character list If you find it difficult to select the desired characters with the above method, you may want to use the following method — selecting the characters from a list. 28 Owner’s Manual DEC/NO INC/YES When the cursor is located at the Name, this [LIST] icon appears and you can call up the Character List display by holding the [INFORMATION] button. Release the [INFORMATION] button to return back to the original display. Move the cursor to the desired location. Select a character for the cursor location on the name. DEC/NO INFORMATION Perform the operations below while holding the [INFORMATION] button. INC/YES INFORMATION INFORMATION EXIT ENTER EXECUTE DEC/NO INC/YES EXIT ENTER EXECUTE DEC/NO INC/YES

Quick Guide Playing the Demo Songs Playing the Demo Songs

Several demo songs are included with this synthesizer. In this section, you’ll learn how to play them back. n Make sure the synthesizer is ready for playback. Details are given in the section “Setting up and Playing” on page 8. 1 2 3,4 5 2 1 Press the [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button to enter the Sequence Play mode. If the following display does not appear, press the [MULTI/SEQ PLAY] button again. 2 Press the [SF5] DEMO button to call up the Demo songs. n You can select the first song for playback by using the [▲][▼] buttons. 3 Press the [F6]Fbutton to start playback of the Demo song. n You can also specify the song tempo or the song position. The operation is the same as in the Sequence Play mode (page 96). 4 The [SF6]Jbutton lets you pause playback and then start again from the same point in the song. 5 To exit from the Demo display, stop playback, then press the [EXIT] button. Demo song playback continues indefinitely until stopped. VOICE PERFORM MASTER MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY DEC/NO INC/YES EDIT JOB STORE

SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION COMPARE F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 EXIT ENTER EXIT ENTER REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO EXECUTE 29 Owner’s Manual

Voice Play mode 30 Owner’s Manual Playing the S90 ES Voice Play mode The Voice Play mode is where you select and play the instrument sounds (voices) of this synthesizer. Selecting a Normal Voice Internally, there are two Voice Types: Normal Voices and Drum Voices. Normal Voices are mainly pitched musical instrument- type sounds that can be played over the range of the keyboard. Drum Voices are mainly percussion/drum sounds that are assigned to individual notes on the keyboard. In this section, we’ll show you how to select a Normal Voice. You can select the desired Voice from various Voice Banks (Preset 1 - 4, User 1 - 2, GM preset, Plug-in 1 - 3) as shown below. Voice Bank 1 Press the [VOICE] button to enter the Voice Play mode. In this condition, playing the keyboard sounds the Voice indicated in the display. The parameters shown in the Voice Play mode are briefly explained below. n Keep in mind that the example displays shown in this manual are for instruction purposes only, and the contents (for example, the Voice name here) may differ slightly from those on your instrument. GM Preset Bank Contains the voices allocated according to the GM standard. For details, see page 112. User Bank Contains the voices you’ve USER 1 USER 2 created in the Voice Edit mode. SLOT 1 SLOT 2 SLOT 3 Preset Bank Contains the Voices built into this instrument. PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 Plug-in Bank Available when Plug-in Boards have been installed. See page 99. A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE VOICE PERFORM MASTER Indicates the Keyboard MIDI transmit channel. See page 105 for details. Indicates the Keyboard Octave setting. See page 105 for details. ARP1-ARP5 Use the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons Indicates the functions assigned to the respective Control sliders. See page 47. to call up the Arpeggio type assigned to each button (page 39). Bank (selected via the buttons) Indicates the currently selected voice. Bank and Voice Program number Category and Voice name USR1 : 001 (A01) Gt : Unplugged Number Category Voice name (selected via the Number [1] - [16] buttons) Group (selected via the Group [A] - [H] buttons) Voice Program number (corresponding to Groups A to H and Numbers 01 to 16)

2 Select a Normal Voice Bank. Select one of the Banks from Preset 1 - 4, User 1 - 2, and GM. About the User Banks The User Banks contain various factory default Voices. User Bank 1 (USR1): This Bank contain original Voices for the User Bank. The same Voices are not included in the Preset Banks. User Bank 2 (USR2): This Bank contains recommended Voices copied from the Preset Banks. If a Voice in a User Bank (User Voice) is overwritten or replaced, that User Voice will be lost. When you save an edited Voice, be careful not to overwrite any important User Voices. USER 1 USER 2 PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE Group Voice 3 Select a Normal Voice Group. Voices in each Bank are divided into Groups [A] - [H]. Select a Group to display the Voices that belong to the selected Group. A B C D E F G H SYN LEAD SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI 4 Select a Normal Voice Number. Press one of the Number [1] - [16] buttons. ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE 5 Play the keyboard. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Voice Play mode 31 Owner’s Manual

Voice Play mode Selecting a Drum Voice 1 Press the [VOICE] button to enter the Voice Play mode. 2 Select a Drum Voice Bank. While holding the [DRUM KITS] button, press one of the following buttons: [PRE 1] (Preset Drum), [USER 1] (User Drum), or [GM] (GM Drum). 3 Select a Drum Voice Group. This operation is basically the same as in selecting a Normal Voice. The numbers of Groups that you can select depends on the Bank you’ve selected in step 2. 32 Owner’s Manual This is the same as in selecting a Normal Voice. n For details about the instrument assignments for each key, refer to the separate Data List. Using the Category Search function You’ll probably have a lot of fun and inspiration going through the Voices one-by-one, listening to each in order—but it will take you a long time to get through all of them, since the S90 ES has so many. This is where the Category Search function comes in handy. It’s a powerful and easy-to-use way to quickly find the Voices you want. Let’s try out the feature below, searching for a Voice in the Pipe Organ category. n Press the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button again to turn this function off. USER 1 USER 2 DRUM KITS PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS 4 Select a Drum Voice Number. 5 Play the keyboard and check which instrument is assigned to each key. Using the [INC/YES], [DEC/NO] buttons and data dial FAVORITES In steps 3 and 4 above, you can select a Voice Number by using the [INC/YES], [DEC/NO] buttons and data dial. Decreases number Increases number DEC/NO INC/YES Decreases number Increases number 1 Turn the Category Search function on by pressing the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button. SYN LEAD 2 Select the Organ Category. Press the [PRE 3] ORGAN button of the Bank buttons and Group buttons. The Voices in the Organ Category are displayed in a list. PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 CATEGORY SEARCH A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 GM PLG 1 PLG 2 PLG 3 CATEGORY SEARCH A B C D E F G H A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ BASS STRINGS BRASS REED/PIPE A B C D E F G H SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI SYN LEAD SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI Category Voice List Sub Category Category names

3 Select the Sub Category of pipe organ. The Sub Category names are shown at the bottom of the Category Search display. All Categories are divided into two or three Sub Categories for further ease in selection. Here, press the [F2] PIPE button. n An alternate way of selecting categories is to use the Cursor buttons to select and highlight the Category name in the display, then use the [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons or the data dial to select the Category. n Some Voices such as User Voices may not be registered to any Category. You can search for these Voices by setting the Category to “--------.” 4 Select the desired Voice from the Voice list of pipe organ. Step through the available Voices by using the data dial. You can also use the [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] buttons, or use the Cursor [▲][▼] buttons. 5 Press the [ENTER] button to actually select the Voice. n You can also use the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button and [EXIT] button to select the Voice. Favorite Category The S90 ES also lets you collect and store your favorite Voices to create your personal “Favorite” Category. By putting your most often-used Voices in the Favorite Category, you can select your favorite Voices quickly and easily. 1 Select the Voice using the Category Search function. SF SF 1 1 SF SF 2 2 SF SF 3 3 F1 F1 F2 F2 F3 F3 DEC/NO INC/YES EXIT ENTER EXECUTE Register the Voice selected in step 1 to the 2 Favorite Category by pressing the [F5] SET/ CLR button, checkmarking the box next to the Voice name. You can un-checkmark the selection by pressing the [F5] button again. 3 You also can use the [F5] SET/CLR and [F6] CLR ALL buttons in this display to register/remove the voices to/from the Favorite Category. The settings made in steps 2 - 3 will be lost if you turn the power off without executing step 5. step 5. Never attempt to turn off the power while an “Executing...” or “Please keep power on” message is shown. Turning the power off in this state may cause the system to freeze and prevent normal startup the next time the power is turned on, as well as resulting in the loss of all user data. Press the [FAVORITES] button to see the Voices you’ve set to the Favorite Category in step 2. 4 Press the [FAVORITES] button again to return to the Category Search display. 5 DRUM KITS CAUTION CAUTION FAVORITES Pressing the [CATEGORY SEARCH] button to exit from the Category Search display will store the Favorite Category settings to internal memory automatically. Pressing [F5] toggles between the two settings: To remove all the marked Voices from the Favorite Category, simply press the [F6] CLR ALL button. SF1 F1 Voice Play mode SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 Checkmark on Checkmark off Owner’s Manual 33

Performance Play mode Performance Play mode Each Performance can contain up to four different Parts. This lets you play, for example, Flute, Violin, and Timpani Voices in a layer across the keyboard, or split the keyboard according to the bass and melody parts, then play the two different instruments and sound like a duo—even though you’re playing by yourself. Selecting a Performance 128 Performances (1 bank) are provided in internal User memory. In the Performance Play mode, you can select and play individual User Performances. Since there is only one bank for Performances, you need not select a Performance Bank. 1 Press the [PERFORM] button to enter the Performance Play mode. In this condition, playing the keyboard sounds the Performance indicated in the display. The parameters shown in the Performance Play mode are briefly explained below. n Keep in mind that the example displays shown in this manual are for instruction purposes only, and the contents (for example, the Performance name here) may differ slightly from those on your instrument. 34 Owner’s Manual VOICE PERFORM MASTER Indicates the Keyboard MIDI transmit channel. See page 105 for details. Indicates the Keyboard Octave setting. See page 105 for details. Number (selected via the Number [1] - [16] buttons) ARP1-ARP5 Use the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons to call up the Arpeggio type assigned to Indicates the functions assigned to the respective Control each button (page 39). sliders. See page 42. Indicates the currently selected Performance. Bank and Performance Program number Category and Performance name USER : 001 (A01) Co : Wide River Group (selected via the Group [A] - [H] buttons) Performance Program number (corresponding to Groups A to H and Numbers 01 to 16) Bank Category Performance name 2 Select a Performance Group. Performances are divided into Groups [A] - [H]. Select a Group to display a list of the Performances. A B C D E F G H 4 Play the keyboard. SYN LEAD SYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION DRUM/ SE MUSICAL FX COMBI 3 Select a Performance Group. Decreases number Increases number Press one of the Number [1] - [16] buttons. DEC/NO INC/YES Decreases number Increases number Using the Category Search function As in the Voice Play mode, you can use the Category Search and Favorite Category functions in the Performance Play mode. For details on how to use the function, see page 32. Group Performance ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Using the [INC/YES], [DEC/NO] buttons and data dial Rather than using the Bank/Number buttons described in steps 2 and 3 above, you can select a Performance by using the [INC/YES], [DEC/NO] buttons and data dial. Performance Play mode Owner’s Manual 35

Performance Play mode Creating a Performance by combining the Voices Performances can be made up of a maximum of four Parts, each of which can be assigned a different Voice. In this section, we’ll create a Performance by combining two Voices. Preparing to create the Performance (Initializing the Performance) The Initialize display is shown. Check the “ALL” check box to initialize all data of the Performance. For details about the Initialize function, refer to page 156. Press the [INC/YES] button to initialize the Performance. n Please note that when you execute the Store operation by pressing the [STORE] button here, the Performance at the destination will be replaced with the Initialized Performance created in step 3 above. n For details about the Store operation, refer to page 56. The current Performance name will change to “Init Perf” in the display. n When you initialize a Performance, the Voice at Preset Bank 1, Voice number 1 is assigned to Part 1 as the default. 36 Owner’s Manual Playing the several Voices together (Layer) 1 Select the desired Performance in the Performance Play mode. 2 Press the [JOB] button, and then the [F1] button. This calls up a list indicating which Voice is assigned to each Part of the current Performance. Since the current Performance has been initialized, the only Voice in the Performance is “PRE1: Natural S,” set to Part 1. EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 6-1 Move the cursor to the Voice Bank or Voice Number of the Part 2. 3 Press the [ENTER] button. (The display prompts you for confirmation.) 6-2 Press the [SF1] ADD INT button. This enables assignment of the selected internal Voice to Part 2. n When assigning a Voice from Single-part Plug-in Board (page 99) to a Part, press the [SF2] ADD PLG button. 4 Press the [PERFORM] button. 5 Press the [F2] VOICE buttom. SF1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 6 Assign the desired Voice to Part 2. Voice Bank Voice Number

6-3 Select the Voice you’ve assigned to Part 2 as you did in steps 2 - 4 in the section “Selecting a Normal Voice” or “Selecting a Drum Voice” (page 30). You can select the desired Bank and Number directly by using the [DEC/NO], [INC/YES] buttons and data dial. You can also use the Category Search function (page 32). Here, we’ll assign a flute Voice (PRE3: C Flute) to Part 2. Voice Bank Voice Number Assigns an internal Voice to the selected Part. Part. n Voices of the Multi part Plug-in Board PLG100-XG cannot be assigned to Performance Parts; they are specifically meant to be used in the Multi mode for playback of XG song data. The Part 1 (piano Voice) and Part 2 (flute Voice) can be played in unison. Next, we'll divide the keyboard into two sections for each Voice. Dividing the keyboard into separate sections— Split 8-1 Move the cursor to Part 1. 8-2 Press a note on the keyboard while holding down the [SF5] LIMIT H button to set the highest note for Part 1. n Note that the dark bar (at “NOTE”) for Part 1 changes as the note range is changed. Deletes the Voice assignment of the selected Part. Assigns a Plug-in Voice to the selected Part. (Available when a Plug-in Board has been installed.) 7 Play the keyboard. Part 1: Piano Part 2: Flute 8 Assign the Voice of Part 1 to the lower key range. SF1 F1 SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 9 Assign the Voice of Part 2 to the higher key range. 9-1 Move the cursor to Part 2. 9-2 Press a note on the keyboard while holding the [SF4] LIMIT L button down to set the lowest note of Part 2. n Note that the dark bar (at “NOTE”) for Part 2 changes as the note range is changed. 10 Play the keyboard. Use your left hand to play piano sounds and your right hand to play flute sounds. Adjusting the Part levels and storing the Performance 11 Adjust the Volume settings of Parts 1 and 2 by using the Control sliders. For details, see page 42. 12 Store the settings as a User Performance in the Performance Store mode. For details about the Store operation, see page 56. n If you are editing a program and you select a different program without storing your edited one, all the edits you’ve made will be erased. In the section above, you learned how to assign two Voices to two different Parts. Use same procedure to assign Voices to Parts 3 and 4, and create a full orchestral sound or the sound of a 3- or 4-piece band—just by using a single S90 ES. You can also use the preset Performances as starting points in building your own custom Voice combinations. Performance Play mode SF 4 SF 5 Note Limit Low Note Limit High Part 1: Piano Part 2: Flute Owner’s Manual 37

Performance Play mode Using a microphone and other audio device sounds One of the enormous benefits of the Performance mode is that you can have the A/D input sound—such as your voice through a microphone, a guitar, bass, or CD player—assigned as one of the four Parts of a Performance. Various parameters such as volume, pan, and effect can be set to this Part and the sound is output together with other Parts. These parameters are set and stored in the Performance Store mode for each Performance. n The Audio Input part is available also in the Multi mode, but is not available in the Voice mode. The procedure and explanations here apply to the Multi mode as well. 1 Make sure to turn the power of the S90 ES off and set the GAIN knob on the rear panel to the n A standard dynamic microphone is recommended. (The S90 ES does not support phantom-powered condenser microphones.) 38 Owner’s Manual 6 Set the Mic/Line parameter. minimum. 2 Plug the external device to the A/D INPUT jack(s) on the rear panel. 7 3 Turn on the power of the external device, then turn on the power of the S90 ES. and 4 When the output level of the connected equipment (such as a microphone, guitar, bass) is low, set this parameter to “mic.” When the output level of the connected equipment (such as a synthesizer keyboard, CD player) is high, set this parameter to “line.” monaural stereo A/D INPUT GAIN A/D INPUT GAIN RL RL n This setting is available for all modes. If you wish to store this setting, press the [STORE] button. n If you are using the mLAN input Part, the GAIN knob has no effect on the input level. MULTI/ SEQ PLAY FILE UTILITY For details about each parameter, see page 151 in the Reference section. SF1 F1 Adjust the external device input level by using the GAIN knob on the rear panel while listening to the sound of the external device. Press the [PERFORM] button to enter the Performance Play mode and select the desired Performance. 5 Press the [UTILITY] button to enter the Utility mode, press the [F2] I/O button, then press the [SF1] INPUT button. Set the audio input related parameters as 8 necessary ([PERFORM] from → [EDIT] the AUDIO → [COMMON] IN display → [F5] AUDIO IN). SF2 SF3 SF4 SF5 INFORMATION F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 When the optional mLAN16E has been installed, call up the A/D display by pressing the [SF5] button. 9 Store the settings as a User Performance in the Performance Store mode (page 56). L RA/D INPUT GAIN

Using the Arpeggio feature The versatile Arpeggio feature allows you to automatically play various rhythms and phrases by simply pressing a key or playing a chord. The S90 ES contains a remarkably wide variety of Arpeggios—a total of 1,787—from conventional, popular phrases to the latest cutting-edge rhythm patterns. In addition, you can assign your favorite Arpeggios to the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons and switch between Arpeggio phrases instantly. This powerful function is an unending source of inspiration and will help you create various riffs, phrases and songs quickly and easily. Since the preset Voices and Performances already have their own Arpeggio types pre-assigned, all you need to do is select the desired Voice and turn on the Arpeggio function. n For details about Arpeggio, see page 124. n Different Arpeggio types cannot be played back for each Part in the Performance or Multi mode. 1 Press the [ARPEGGIO] button to turn Arpeggio on. Selecting some programs (Voices, Performances, Multis) automatically turns this lamp on. The particular rhythm pattern or phrase that plays depends on the actual notes or chords you play, as well as on the selected Arpeggio type. For details, see page 124 in the Basic Structure section. ■ Changing the Arpeggio type during your keyboard performance A different Arpeggio type is assigned to each of the [SF1] ARP1 - [SF5] ARP5 buttons for each preset Voice. When a musical note icon appears to the right of each Arpeggio number in the display (see below), the corresponding button is assigned an Arpeggio type. The selected REMOTE EFFECT BYPASS ARPEGGIO Arpeggio type is highlighted. Try out various Arpeggio types by pressing the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons. 2 Play a note or notes on the keyboard to trigger the Arpeggio playback. SF 1 SF 2 SF 3 SF 4 SF 5 You can confirm the currently selected Arpeggio type in the [F6] ARP display. Arpeggio type currently selected. Bank Selects “pre” (Preset) or “usr” (User). To play Arpeggios of the “usr” bank, User Arpeggio data of the MOTIF ES must be loaded to the S90 ES. Ctgr For details, refer to page 124. Type Refer to the separate Data List booklet for details. n You can load User Arpeggio data from the MOTIF ES to the S90 ES, but you cannot create User Arpeggio data on the S90 ES itself. Using the Arpeggio feature 39 Owner’s Manual

Using the Arpeggio feature Register your favorite Arpeggio types to the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons You can change the default settings and assign any Arpeggio types you like to the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons. 1 Select the desired Voice, Performance, or Multi, and then press the [ARPEGGIO] button to turn Arpeggio on. 2 Select the desired Arpeggio type in the [VOICE] → [F6] (or [F5]) ARP display. 3 While holding the [STORE] button, press one of the [SF1] - [SF5] buttons. The currently selected Arpeggio type is assigned to the pressed button. If you execute this operation with the [ARPEGGIO] lamp off, no Arpeggio type will be assigned to the pressed button. 4 Repeat steps 2 - 3 as necessary. 5 Store the changes as a User Voice, User Performance or User Multi (pages 50, 56, 76). TIP Transmitting Arpeggio playback as MIDI data If you want to use the Arpeggios to trigger other MIDI tone generators or record the MIDI data of Arpeggios to a sequencer for further editing, you can have the Arpeggio playback data transmitted as MIDI data. This is done by setting the following switch parameters to “on”: • Voice Arpeggio: Voice mode → [UTILITY] → [F3] VOICE → [SF3] ARP CH → OutputSwitch • Performance/Multi Arpeggio Performance mode/Multi mode → Performance/Multi selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F3] ARP → [SF4]OUT CH → OutputSwitch 40 Owner’s Manual ■ Controlling Arpeggio playback by using the Control sliders. These four Control sliders let you adjust the tempo and volume of Arpeggio playback. If you like the results and want to save them, you can store the changes as a User Voice, User Performance or User Multi. 1 Press the [ARP FX] button to turn the lamp on. Selecting some voices automatically turns this lamp on. 2 Move the sliders while the Arpeggio is playing. For details on the functions controlled by the sliders, see page 42. 3 PAN/SEND PAN REVERB CHORUS TEMPO ASSIGN ASSIGN A ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 ASSIGN 2 TONE RELEASE ARP FX MEF EQ CUTOFF RESONANCE ATTACK SWING MEF 1 LOW GATETIME VELOCITY UNITMULTIPLY MEF 2 MEF 3 MEF 4 LOW MID HIGH MID HIGH If you’re satisfied with the results, you can store the changes as a User Voice, User Performance or User Multi (pages 50, 56, 76). Using the Controllers on the S90 ES Using the Controllers on the S90 ES This section shows you how to change the sounds by using the controllers on the S90 ES. When using the external controllers, see page 59. Pitch Bend Wheel Use the Pitch Bend wheel to bend notes up (roll the wheel away from you) or down (roll the wheel toward you) while playing the keyboard. The Pitch Bend wheel is self-centering and will automatically return to normal pitch when released. Try out the Pitch Bend wheel while pressing a note on the keyboard. Pitch Up Pitch Down Pitch Bend WheelWhen playing a Performance, the Pitch Bend Range depends on the setting of the Voice assigned to each Part (made in the Voice mode). n • The Pitch Bend Range setting for each Voice can be changed in the “OTHER” display ([VOICE] → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF5] OTHER) and stored as a User Voice in the Voice Store mode. • The Pitch Bend Range setting also allows you to set the wheel to bend notes up or down in the opposite direction (i.e., the pitch goes down when you move the wheel up). n Functions other than Pitch Bend can be assigned to the Pitch Bend Wheel in the “CTL SET” display ([VOICE] → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F4] CTL SET). These assignment settings can be stored as a User Voice in the Voice Store mode. Even if a different function is assigned to this wheel, the Pitch Bend function is available and Pitch Bend messages are still generated when the wheel is used. Modulation Wheel Even though the Modulation wheel is conventionally used to apply vibrato to the sound, many of the preset Voices have other functions and effects assigned to the wheel. The more you move this wheel up, the greater the effect that is applied to the sound. Try out the Modulation wheel with various preset voices while playing the keyboard. Maximum Minimum Modulation Wheel When playing a Performance, the effect of the Modulation Wheel depends on the setting of the Voice assigned to each Part (made in the Voice mode). n To avoid accidentally applying effects to the current Voice, make sure the Modulation Wheel is set to minimum before you start playing. n Various functions can be assigned to the Modulation Wheel in the “CTL SET” display ([VOICE] → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F4] CTL SET). These assignment settings can be stored as a User Voice in the Voice Store mode. Owner’s Manual 41

Using the Controllers on the S90 ES Control sliders Changing the sounds The Control sliders are a powerful live performance feature, in that they let you change the brightness and tonal characteristics of the current Voice, Performance, or Multi in real time as you play. Moving a slider forward increases the effect while pulling the slider back decreases it. The sliders can be used for different function “sets.” You can select the particular function set assigned to the sliders by pressing the appropriate Control function button (as shown below). Function sets assigned to the Control slider Operation Lamp-on indication Control slider 1 For Drum Voices, this affects the decay time for all played notes, whether held or released. ** Available only when setting the Zone Switch to “on” in the Master mode (page 92) When pressing any of the Control function buttons, the lamp(s) of the buttons will light according to the above table and the status of the Control sliders (currently assigned functions and set values) is shown on the LCD display. The appearance of the slider in the display indicates the actual control status of the slider. When a slider graphic in the display is shown with a shadow, the corresponding control slider on the panel affects the sound as indicated. A slider graphic without a shadow indicates that the current Control slider position differs from the actual parameter value. In this case, moving the slider does not affect the sound until the slider position reaches the parameter’s current value (after which the slider graphic has a shadow). 42 Owner’s Manual Functions controlled by each Control slider Control slider 2 Control slider 3 Control slider 4 When pressing the [PAN/SEND] button [PAN/SEND] button Pan (stereo position) Reverb Send Level Chorus Send Level Tempo of the Seqence Play mode/Arpeggio playback When pressing the [TONE] button [TONE] button Filter Cutoff Frequency (degree of brightness) Resonance (the level of the signal in the area of the cutoff frequency) Attack Time of the sound Release Time of the sound (decay time after the key is released) When pressing the [ARP FX] button [ARP FX] button Amount of swing in the Arpeggio playback Gate time (length) of the Arpeggio playback Velocity of the Arpeggio playback Arpeggio playback time When pressing the [EQ] button [EQ] button Low band of the Master EQ in the Voice/ Performance mode, part EQ in the Multi/ Sequence Play mode Low-mid band of the Master EQ in the Voice/ Performance mode, part EQ in the Multi/ Sequence Play mode Hi-mid band of the Master EQ in the Voice/ Performance mode. (Not available in the Multi/Sequence Play mode.) High band of the Master EQ in the Voice/ Performance mode, part EQ in the Multi/ Sequence Play mode When pressing the [PAN/SEND] button and the [TONE] button simultaneously [PAN/SEND] button [TONE] button Function assigned from the [UTILITY] → [F4] CTLASN → [SF2] ASSIGN display (page 165) in the Utility mode Function assigned for each Voice from the [VOICE] → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F4] CTLSET display (page 131) When pressing the [TONE] button and the [ARP FX] button simultaneously** All the buttons are off Function assigned for each Master from the [MASTER] → [EDIT] → Zone selection → [F5] CS display (page 174) When pressing the [ARP FX] button and the [EQ] button simultaneously [ARP FX] button [EQ] button Function assigned to the Master Effect parameters from the [UTILITY] → [F4] CTL ASN → [SF5] MEF display. PAN/SEND PAN REVERB CHORUS TEMPO ASSIGN ASSIGN A ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 ASSIGN 2 TONE RELEASE ARP FX MEF EQ CUTOFF RESONANCE ATTACK SWING MEF 1 LOW GATETIME VELOCITY UNITMULTIPLY MEF 2 MEF 3 MEF 4 LOW MID HIGH MID HIGH Adjusting these sliders affects the sound immediately. Adjusting these sliders will not affect the sound until the current value is reached.

Changing the Volume You can use the Control sliders to adjust relative volume settings in real time, by pressing the [VOLUME] button. This lets you adjust independent volume settings of the Voice or Performance you play on the keyboard, or those of a Multi (page 70). PAN/SEND PAN REVERB CHORUS TEMPO ASSIGN ASSIGN A ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 ASSIGN 2 TONE RELEASE ARP FX MEF EQ Function sets assigned to the Control sliders

  • An Element is the fundamental tone generating unit of a Voice. For details, see page 44. n Precautions — Using Sliders in the Performance mode In the Performance mode, the Control sliders are assigned according to the specific Parts that are assigned in each Performance. Keep in mind that the Slider number may not correspond to the same numbered Part. For example, when using a Performance (as shown at right) in which two Parts (Part 1 and Part 4) are combined, the sliders are assigned as follows: • Slider 1 controls the volume of Part 1. • Slider 2 controls the volume of Part 4. • Sliders 3 and 4 are not used. n The [MASTER VOLUME] slider adjusts the overall output level of the instrument. The Control sliders, on the other hand, adjust the MIDI volume value for the corresponding element or part. CUTOFF RESONANCE ATTACK SWING MEF 1 LOW GATETIME VELOCITY UNITMULTIPLY MEF 2 MEF 3 MEF 4 VOLUME LOW MID HIGH MID HIGH VOLUME 1 VOLUME 2 VOLUME 3 VOLUME 4 MASTER VOLUME ZONE 1 ZONE 2 ZONE 3 ZONE 4 Mode Functions controlled by each Control Slider Control slider 1 Control slider 2 Control slider 3 Control slider 4 Voice mode When a Normal Voice is selected (page 30) Element 1 Volume Element 2 Volume Element 3 Volume Element 4 Volume When a Drum Voice is selected (page 32) Volume of the entire Voice sound (moving any slider produces same volume) Performance mode Controls Volume of the assigned Parts (see “Precautions” note below). Multi/Sequence Play mode When tracks (Parts) 1 - 4 are selected Track 1 (Part 1) Volume Track 2 (Part 2) Volume Track 3 (Part 3) Volume Track 4 (Part 4) Volume When tracks (Parts) 5 - 8 are selected Track 5 (Part 5) Volume Track 6 (Part 6) Volume Track 7 (Part 7) Volume Track 8 (Part 8) Volume When tracks (Parts) 9 - 12 are selected Track 9 (Part 9) Volume Track 10 (Part 10) Volume Track 11 (Part 11) Volume Track 12 (Part 12) Volume When tracks (Parts) 13 - 16 are selected Track 13 (Part 13) Volume Track 14 (Part 14) Volume Track 15 (Part 15) Volume Track 16 (Part 16) Volume Edit Indicator Moving the sliders directly changes the parameters of the Voice, Performance or Multi. When any of the parameters are changed, the [E] (Edit) Indicator appears in the top left of the display. This indicates that the current Voice, Performance, or Multi has been modified but not yet stored. For details about the Edit indicator, see page 25. Using the Controllers on the S90 ES 43 Owner’s Manual

Editing a Voice 44 Owner’s Manual Editing a Program Editing a Voice Each Voice can consist of up to four Elements. An Element is made up of a basic waveform—the basic sound of a musical instrument—plus the various synthesizer processing parameters used to enhance, alter or define the sound, such as pitch, filter, and amplitude controls. For example, a piano Voice can be actually made up of several different piano waveforms: one for high notes, one for low notes, and waveforms for when the keyboard is played softly. Combining different elements in a set for playing at same time, or programming them to switch depending on how strongly the keyboard is played helps to create a much more powerful and realistic piano sound. Creates each Element sound in the Element Edit mode. Element Piano wave for high notes

Element Common Edit Determines the parameters for entire Voice in the Common Edit mode Piano wave for low notes Element Piano wave for when playing the keyboard is played soltly Piano Voice Piano Voice

n A Drum Voice is made up of different “Keys”—or separate percussion/drum sounds that are assigned to individual notes on the keyboard. Normal Voice Edit 1 Press the [VOICE] button to enter the Voice mode, then select a Normal Voice to be edited (page 30). 2 Press the [EDIT] button to enter the Voice Edit mode. EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE 3 Call up the Common Edit display or Element Edit display. If you wish to edit the sounds that make up a Voice and the basic parameters that determine the sound—such as Oscillator, Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator)—call up the Element Edit display. If you wish to edit more global parameters related to the overall Voice and how it’s processed—such as Arpeggio, Controller, and Effects—call up the Common Edit display. While in the Voice Edit mode, you can switch between the Common Edit display and the Element Edit display as shown below. Calling up the Common Edit display Press the [COMMON] button to call up the Common Edit display. In the Edit mode, the [DRUM KITS] button functions as the [COMMON] button. Indicates a Common Edit display. The following briefly describes the main Voice parameters. ● Basic parameters for creating a soundPages 112, 133 If you wish to edit the basic sound-generating and sound- shaping parameters for the Voice—such as Oscillator, Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator)—use the Common Edit display. ● Effect related parameters Pages 118, 133 The Effects use DSP (Digital Signal Processing) to alter and enhance the sound of a Voice. Effects are applied in the final stages of editing, letting you change the sound of the created Voice as desired. The Common Edit display lets you edit the Effect related parameters. ● Controller related parameters Pages 41, 59, 131 For each Voice, you can assign various functions to built-in controllers such as Pitch Bend Wheel, Modulation Wheel, Control sliders (ASSIGN1 and 2), Keyboard Aftertouch and optionally connected controllers such as Footswitch, Foot Controller, Breath Controller. These settings can be edited in the Common Edit display. Calling up the Element Edit display Press the desired element number from the ELEMENT [1] - [4] buttons to call up the Element Edit display. Indicates the display for editing Element 1. To turn each Element on or off (to hear how each affects the overall sound), use buttons [9] - [12]. You can also isolate or solo an Element by holding down the [MUTE] button and pressing the desired number button ([9] - [12]). To cancel the solo, press the [MUTE] button again. Select the menu you wish to edit by pressing ● Arpeggio related parameters Pages 124, 129 4 the [F1] - [F5] buttons and [SF1] - [SF5] buttons, then edit the parameters in each [COMMON] → [F3] ARP (Arpeggio) display. For each Voice, you can set the Arpeggio related parameters such as Arpeggio type and playback tempo. These settings can be edited in the Common Edit display. Element selection → [F1] - [F6] 5 Repeat steps 3 - 4 as desired. 6 Name the edited Normal Voice. Enter a name for the Voice from the NAME display ([COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF1] NAME). For detailed instructions on naming a voice, refer to Page [COMMON] → [F6] EFFECT

  1. [COMMON] → [F4] CTL SET (Controller Set) 7 Store the settings as a User Voice. The edited Voice can be stored in the Voice Store mode. For details, see page 50. DRUM DRUM KITS KITS PRE PRE 1 1 PRE PRE 2 2 PRE PRE 3 3 PRE PRE 4 4 FAVORITES FAVORITES A. A. PIANO PIANO KEYBOARD KEYBOARD ORGAN ORGAN PLUCKED PLUCKED GUITAR/ GUITAR/ A A B B C C DDSYN SYN LEAD LEAD SYN SYN CHOIR CHOIR PAD/ PAD/ SYN SYN COMP COMP CHROMATIC CHROMATIC PERCUSSION PERCUSSION 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 COMMON COMMON ELEMENT/PERF. ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE PART/ZONE 9 9 10 10 11 11 12 12 Editing a Voice Enter the desired Voice name Owner’s Manual 45 Editing a Voice TIP Editing a Voice by using the Control sliders The four sliders at the top left of the instrument are not only for tweaking the sound while you perform—you can also use them to edit a Voice, either in the Voice Play mode or the Voice Edit mode. ● When the [PAN/SEND] indicator is turned on: PAN Determines the stereo pan position of the Voice. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F2] OUTPUT → Pan ● When the [TONE] indicator is turned on: n The settings above are applied as offsets to the AEG and FEG settings in the Voice Edit mode. ● When the [ARP FX] indicator is turned on: ● When the [EQ] indicator is turned on: n The settings above are applied as offsets to the EQ settings in the [VOICE] → [UTILITY] → [F3] VOICE → [SF1] MEQ display. ● When both the [PAN/SEND] and [TONE] indicators are turned on (by pressing them simultaneously): n In addition to above functions, Master Effect related parameters (set in the [UTILITY] → [F3] VOICE → [SF2] MEF display) can be assigned to these four sliders by pressing the [ARP FX] and [EQ] buttons simultaneously. The particular parameters assigned to the four sliders can be set in the [UTILITY] → [F4] CTL ASN → [SF5] MEF display. ● When the [VOLUME] indicator is turned on: n When selection a Drum Voice, adjusts the entire level of Voice. 46 Owner’s Manual page 129 REVERB Determines the amount of Reverb effect that is applied to the Voice. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F2] OUTPUT → RevSend page 129 CHORUS Determines the amount of Chorus effect that is applied to the Voice. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F2] OUTPUT → ChoSend page 129 TEMPO Determines the tempo of the Arpeggio assigned to the currently selected Voice. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [F6] ARP → Tempo page 128 CUTOFF Raises or lowers the Filter cutoff frequency to adjust the tone brilliance. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [F5] EG → CUTOF page 128 RESONANCE Boosts or attenuates the level at the area around the Filter cutoff frequency. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [F5] EG → RESO page 128 ATTACK Determines the attack time of the sound. For example, you can adjust a strings Voice so that the sound gradually swells in volume by setting a slow attack time—simply move the slider upwards. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [F5] EG → ATK (AEG) page 128 RELEASE Determines the release time of the sound. Moving the slider upwards sets a long release time and (depending on the selected Voice) lets the sound sustain after the key is released. To produce a sharp release, in which the sound abruptly cuts off, set a short release time. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [F5] EG → REL (AEG) page 128 SWING Adjusts the swing feel of the Arpeggio playback. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F3] ARP → [SF3] PLAY FX → Swing page 130 GATE TIME Adjusts the Gate Time (length) of the Arpeggio notes. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F3] ARP → [SF3] PLAY FX → GateTimeRate page 131 VELOCITY Adjusts the velocity of the Arpeggio notes. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F3] ARP → [SF3] PLAY FX → VelocityRate page 130 UNIT MULTIPLY Adjusts the Arpeggio playback time based on tempo. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F3] ARP → [SF3] PLAY FX → UnitMultiply page 130 LO Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the low frequency band of the Master EQ. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF3] MEQ OFS → LOW page 129 LO MID Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the low- midrange frequency band of the Master EQ. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF3] MEQ OFS → LOW MID page 129 HI MID Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the high- midrange frequency band of the Master EQ. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF3] MEQ OFS → HIGH MID page 129 HI Determines the amount of boost or attenuation applied to the high frequency band of the Master EQ. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF3] MEQ OFS → HIGH page 129 ASSIGN A Adjusts parameters assigned to these sliders in the [UTILITY] → [F4] CTL ASN → [SF2] ASSIGN display. page 165 ASSIGN B ASSIGN 1 Adjusts parameters assigned to these sliders in the [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → [COMMON] → [F4] CTL SET display. page 131 ASSIGN 2 EL 1 - 4 (Element 1 - 4) Adjusts the level balance among the Elements. [VOICE] → Voice selection → [EDIT] → Element selection → [F4] AMP → [SF1] LVL/PAN → Level page 137 Drum Voice Edit 1 Press the [VOICE] button to enter the Voice mode, then select a Drum Voice to be edited (page 32). 2 Press the [EDIT] button to enter the Voice Edit mode. 3 Call up the Common Edit display or Key Edit display. If you want to edit the sounds that make up a Drum Voice and the basic parameters that determine the sound—such as Oscillator, Pitch, Filter, Amplitude, and EG (Envelope Generator)—call up the Key Edit display. Next, press the desired note on the keyboard. To edit more global parameters related to the overall Drum Voice and how it’s processed—such as Arpeggio, Controller, and Effects—call up the Common Edit display. Calling up the Common Edit display DRUM KITS PRE 1 PRE 2 PRE 3 PRE 4 Press the [COMMON] button to call up the Common Edit display. In the Edit mode, the [DRUM KITS] button FAVORITES A. PIANO KEYBOARD ORGAN PLUCKED GUITAR/ functions as the [COMMON] button. SYN LEAD COMMON ELEMENT/PERF. PART/ZONE 4 The main parameters available are basically the same as in the Normal Voice Edit (page 44). What is called “Key Edit” in the Drum Voice corresponds to “Element Edit” in the Normal Voice. Please keep in mind that the LFO parameters are not available in the Drum Voice. A B C DSYN CHOIR PAD/ SYN COMP CHROMATIC PERCUSSION 1 2 3 4 9 10 11 12 C0 C1 C6 Key 1 Key 5 Key 10 Key 18 Key 21 Key 73 Select the menu you wish to edit by pressing the [F1] - [F5] buttons and [SF1] - [SF5] buttons, then edit the parameters in each display. 5 Repeat steps 3 - 4 as desired. Enter a name for the Voice from the NAME display ([COMMON] → [F1] GENERAL → [SF1] NAME). For detailed instructions on naming a voice, refer to page 27. The edited Voice can be stored in the Voice Store mode. For details, see page 50. While in the Voice Edit mode, you can switch between the Common Edit display and the Key Edit display as shown below. Indicates a Common Edit display. Calling up the Key Edit display Press the Number [1] button to call up the Key Edit display, then select the key to which the desired instrument is assigned. Key Edit (1 - 73) Indicates the display for editing the key C0. 6 Name the edited Drum Voice. 7 Store the settings as a User Drum Voice. EDIT JOB STORE COMPARE Editing a Voice Enter the desired Voice name. Owner’s Manual 47 Editing a Voice

TIP Assigning drum/percussion instruments to individual keys

[VOICE] → Drum Voice selection → [EDIT] → Key selection → [F1] OSC → [SF1] WAVE In the Drum Voice Edit mode, you can create your own original drum kits by assigning specific instrument sounds to individual keys — in any desired order — and edit detailed parameters for each key’s sound.

1 Call up the Key Edit display in the Voice Edit mode. Refer to step 3 on page 47. 2 Call up the [F1] OSC → [SF1] WAVE display. 3 Press the key to which you want to assign a sound. The drum instrument currently assigned to the pressed key will sound. 48 Owner’s Manual 4 Select the desired Waveform to be assigned. Move the cursor to “Number” and change the value by using the data dial, [INC/YES] button, and [DEC/NO] button. Then, press the same key set in step 3 again to confirm the selected instrument sound. 5 Create your original drum kit by repeating steps 3

    1. 6 Store the created drum kit as a Drum Voice User memory. The edited Voice can be stored in the Voice Store mode. See page 50 for details.

Setting TIP the drum key for independent open and closed hi-hat sounds

[VOICE] → Drum Voice selection → [EDIT] → Key selection → [F1] OSC → [SF5] OTHER → AltnateGroup In a real drum kit, some drum sounds cannot physically be played simultaneously, such as open and closed hi-hats. You can prevent drum instruments from playing back simultaneously by assigning them to the same Alternate Group. The preset Drum Voices have many such Alternate Group assignments to ensure the most authentic, natural sound. When creating a Voice from scratch, you can use this feature—either to ensure authentic sound, or to create special effects, where playing one sound cancels out a previous one.

1 Call up the Key Edit display in the Voice Edit mode. Refer to step 3 on page 47. 2 Call up the [F1] OSC → [SF5] OTHER display. 3 Press the key which corresponds to “Hi-Hat Open” and set the Alternate Group to “1.” 4 Press the key which corresponds to “Hi-Hat Close” and set it to the same Alternate Group (1) as in step 3. 5 Confirm whether the Alternate Group has been set properly. Immediately after pressing the “Hi-Hat Open” key, press the “Hi-Hat Close” key. Pressing the second key should cut off the sound of the first. Since the settings above are included in the Drum Voice data, store them as a Drum Voice in the Voice Store mode. TIP Determining how the Drum Voice responds when the key is released

[VOICE] → Drum Voice selection → [EDIT] → Key selection → [F1] OSC → [SF5] OTHER → RcvNoteOff You can determine whether or not the selected Drum key responds to MIDI Note Off messages. Setting the Receive Note Off parameter to “off” can be useful for cymbal sounds and other sustaining sounds. This lets you have the selected sounds sustain to the length of their natural decay—even if you release the note, or when a Note Off message is received. If this parameter is set to “on,” the sound will stop immediately when the note is released or a Note Off message is received.

TIP Setting the Output jack for each key (drum/percussion instrument)

[VOICE] → Drum Voice selection → [EDIT] → Key selection → [F1] OSC → [SF2] OUTPUT → OutputSel You can change the output jack on the rear panel for the individual Drum key signal. This function is useful when you wish to apply a connected external effect to a specific drum instrument. For details, see page 63. Editing a Voice 49 Owner’s Manual Editing a Voice Storing/Saving the created Voice Two steps are necessary in order to store (save) your voice—storing the edited voice to internal memory and saving the stored voices to a USB storage device. Internal memory (Flash ROM) User Normal Voice 001 User Drum Voice 001 User Normal Voice 002 User Drum Voice 002 User Normal Voice 003 User Drum Voice 003 User Normal Voice Bank 1 User Drum Voice 32 User Normal Voice 128 When you turn off the power to the instrument, User Voices saved in the Voice Store mode are not erased. As such it is not necessary to save the data to USB storage device; however, you may want to save it for backup or organizational purposes, using the Save operation. Storing the edited Voice as a User Voice to internal memory Make sure to execute the Store operation before selecting another Voice. Select a User Bank (“USR1” or “USR2” when storing a Normal Voice, “UDR” when storing a Drum Voice, “P1-U”— “P3-U” when storing a Plug-in Voice) and the desired Voice number by using the data dial, [INC/YES] and [DEC/NO] button. n When you execute the Store operation, the settings for the destination memory will be overwritten. Important data should always be backed up to a separate USB storage device. 50 Owner’s Manual User STORE User User User User User Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in Plug-in Voice Voice Voice Voice Voice Voice 001 002 003 001 002 003 User Plug-in Voice 064 User Normal Voice 128 User Plug-in Voice 001 User Plug-in Voice 002 User Drum Voice Bank User Plug-in Voice 003 User Plug-in Voice 064 SAVE USB storage device User Plug-in Voice Bank 1 All the User Storing edited Voices individually User Plug-in Voice 064 Voice data in internal memory can be saved as a single file. [VOICE] → [STORE] 1 After editing the Voice, press the [STORE] button to enter the Voice Store mode. 2 Select the destination Voice memory. The display prompts you for confirmation. Press the [DEC/NO] button to cancel the Store operation. Select a User Bank. Select a Voice number. 3 Press the [ENTER] button. DEC/NO INC/YES EXIT ENTER EXECUTE

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