ZOOM F8N (01) PDF MANUAL

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PDF Manual Excerpt: Operation Manual © 2018 ZOOM CORPORATION Copying or reprinting this manual in part or in whole without permission is prohibited. 02ContentsContents ...........................................................................................................02 Usage and Safety Precautions ........................................................................04 Introduction ......................................................................................................05 Names of parts .................................................................................................06 Connecting mics/other devices to Inputs 1–8................................................08 LCD display ...................................................................................................... 11 PreparationsSupplying power .............................................................................................15 Loading an SD card .........................................................................................17 Turning the power on and off .........................................................................18 Setting the date and time (Date/Time (RTC)).................................................19 Disabling the Automatic Power Saving function (Auto Power Off) .............21 Setting the power supply used (Power Source) ............................................22 RecordingRecording process ...........................................................................................24 Enabling recording on SD cards and setting file formats ............................25 Selecting inputs and adjusting levels ............................................................27 Recording .........................................................................................................29 Setting the sampling rate (Sample Rate) .......................................................30 Setting WAV file bit depth (WAV Bit Depth) ...................................................31 Setting MP3 file bit rate (MP3 Bit Rate)..........................................................32 Simultaneously recording tracks at different levels (Dual Channel Rec) ....33 Capturing audio before recording starts (Pre Rec) .......................................35 Maximum file size (File Max Size) ..................................................................36 Showing total recording times for long recordings (Time Counter) ...........37 Folder and file structure ..................................................................................38 Moving the previously recorded take to the FALSE TAKE folder .................40 Recording take settingsChanging the note for the next take recorded (Note) ...................................41 Setting how recorded scenes are named and numbered ............................43 Setting the take name reset condition and format .......................................46 Changing the track name of the next take recorded (Track Name) .............48 Changing the number of the next take recorded ..........................................50PlaybackPlaying recordings ...........................................................................................51 Mixing takes .....................................................................................................52 Monitoring the playback signals of specific tracks during playback ...........53 Changing the playback mode (Play Mode) ....................................................54 Take and folder operationsTake and folder operations (FINDER) .............................................................55 Overview of take information (metadata) stored in files .............................62 Checking and editing take metadata ..............................................................64 Writing sound reports (Create Sound Report)...............................................71 Input settingsInput and output signal flow...........................................................................74 Adjusting the input signal monitoring balance.............................................75 Setting the track knob function (Track Knob Option) ....................................76 Adjusting the L/R track volume.......................................................................78 Monitoring the input signals of specific tracks (PFL/SOLO) .........................79 Setting the input source (Input Source) .........................................................80 Setting the monitoring volume on the PFL screen (PFL Mode) ...................81 Cutting low-frequency noise (HPF) ................................................................82 Input limiter ......................................................................................................83 Inverting the input phase (Phase Invert) ........................................................89 Changing the phantom power settings (Phantom) ......................................90 Changing the plugin power setting (Plugin Power) ......................................93 Delaying input signals (Input Delay) ..............................................................94 Converting mid-side input to ordinary stereo (Stereo Link Mode)..............95 Adjusting the input levels of multiple tracks simultaneously (Trim Link) ...97 Adjusting the side level of a mid-side mic capsule (Side Mic Level) ..........98 Changing the automatic mixing setting (Auto Mix) ....................................99 Setting the format of Ambisonic Mode .......................................................101 Setting the mic position used for ambisonic recording (Mic Position) .....106 Output settingsSetting signals sent to headphones (Headphone Routing) ........................108 Outputting alerts through headphones (Alert Tone Level) ..........................111 Setting the headphone output Volume Curve ............................................. 112 Boosting headphone output to alleviate interference from recorded sound (Digital Boost) ................................................................................................ 113 Disabling outputs (Output On/Off) ............................................................... 114 Setting the standard output level (Output Level) ........................................ 115 Setting output levels ..................................................................................... 116 Delaying output signals (Output Delay)....................................................... 117 Output Limiter ................................................................................................ 118 Selecting signals sent to the main outputs (MAIN OUT Routing) .............122 Selecting signals sent to the sub outputs (SUB OUT Routing) .................123 TimecodeTimecode overview .......................................................................................124 Setting timecode functions ...........................................................................126 Setting automatic timecode recording delay (Auto Rec Delay Time) ........133 Setting timecode initialization used at startup (Start Timecode) ...............134 Slate mic/slate toneSlate mic and slate tone overview ...............................................................136 Recording with the slate mic (Slate Mic) .....................................................137 Recording a slate tone (Slate Tone) ..............................................................140 Using USB functionsExchanging data with a computer (SD Card Reader) .................................144 Using as an audio interface (Audio Interface) .............................................145 Using SD card recording and audio interface functions at the same time (Audio Interface with Rec) ............................................................................147 Audio interface block diagrams ....................................................................149 Audio interface settings ................................................................................151 Using anUsing an as a controller (Connect) ...................................................152 Setting the type of keyboard connected to the (Keyboard Type) ...153 Setting fader and knob operation (Knob/Fader Mode) ...................154 Setting user keys for the (User Key).................................................155 Setting the power supply used by the (Power Source) ..................156 Powering the with USB bus power (USB Bus Power) ....................157 Setting the LED brightness (LED Brightness) ..................................158 Updating the firmware ......................................................................159Various settingsSetting how timecode is shown (Home Timecode Display Size) ...............161 Setting level meter appearance (Level Meter) ............................................162 Setting the LED brightness (LED Brightness) ..............................................167 Making display settings (LCD) ......................................................................168 Adding marks when pausing (PLAY Key Option) ........................................170 Setting the keys held (Key Hold Target) .......................................................172 Other functionsChecking SD card information (Information) ..............................................173 Testing SD card performance (Performance Test) .......................................174 Formatting SD cards (Format) ......................................................................177 Checking the Shortcut List ...................................................................178 Backing up and loading settings (Backup/Load Settings) ..................179 Restoring default setting values (Factory Reset) .........................................181 Checking the firmware version (Firmware Version) ....................................182 Updating the firmware ..................................................................................183 AppendicesTroubleshooting .............................................................................................184 Detailed product diagrams ...........................................................................185 Metadata list ..................................................................................................187 List of shortcuts .............................................................................................191 Specifications .................................................................................................193F8nMulti Track Field Recorder03 04Usage and Safety PrecautionsSafety PrecautionsIn this operation manual, symbols are used to highlight warnings and cautions that you must read to prevent accidents. The meanings of these symbols are as follows.Something that could cause serious injury or death.Something that could cause injury or damage to the equipment.Other symbols usedAn action that is mandatory.An action that is prohibited.WarningOperation using an AC adapterNever use any AC adapter other than a ZOOM AD-19.Operation with external DC power supplyUse a 9V–18V external DC power supply. Carefully study the warning indications of the external DC power supply before use.Operation with batteriesUse 8 commercially-available 1.5V AA bat- teries (alkaline dry cell batteries, nickel metal hydride batteries or lithium dry cell batteries). Carefully study the warning indications of the batteries before use. Always keep the battery cover closed during use.AlterationsDo not open the case or modify the prod- uct.CautionProduct handlingDo not drop, bump or apply excessive force to the unit. Be careful not to allow foreign objects or liquids to enter the unit.Operating environmentDo not use in extremely high or low tem- peratures. Do not use near heaters, stoves and other heat sources. Do not use in very high humidity or where it could be splashed by water. Do not use in places with frequent vibra- tions. Do not use in places with much dust or sand.AC adapter handlingWhen disconnecting the power plug from an outlet, always pull on the plug itself. Disconnect the power plug from the outlet when the unit will not be used for extended periods and whenever there is lightning.Battery handlingInstall batteries with the correct +/− orien- tations. Use the specified batteries. Do not use new and old batteries together. Do not use batteries of different brands or types together. Remove the batteries when the unit will not be used for extended periods. If a leak occurs, thoroughly wipe the bat- tery case and battery terminals to remove the leaked fluid. Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent type. A warning that batteries (battery pack or batteries installed) shall not be exposed to excessive heat such as sunshine, fire or the like.Mic handlingAlways turn the power switch OFF before connecting a mic. Do not apply unneces- sary force when connecting a mic. Attach the protective cap when no mic is connected for extended periods.Connection cables and input/output jacksAlways turn the power OFF for all equip- ment before connecting any cables. Always disconnect all connection cables and the AC adapter before moving the unit.VolumeDo not use at a loud volume for extended periods.Usage PrecautionsInterference with other electrical equipment In consideration of safety, the has been designed to minimize its emission of electro- magnetic waves and to suppress interference from external electromagnetic waves. How- ever, equipment that is very susceptible to interference or that emits powerful electro- magnetic waves could result in interference if placed nearby. If this occurs, place the and the other device farther apart. With any type of electronic device that uses digital control, including the , electromag- netic interference could cause malfunction, corrupt or destroy data and result in other unexpected trouble. Always use caution.Cleaning Use a soft cloth to clean the exterior of the unit if it becomes dirty. If necessary, use a damp cloth that has been wrung out well to wipe it. Never use abrasive cleansers, wax or solvents such as alcohol, benzene or paint thinner.Breakdown and malfunction If the unit becomes broken or malfunctions, immediately disconnect the AC adapter or DC power supply, turn the power off and discon- nect other cables. Contact the store where you bought the unit or ZOOM service center with the following information: product model, serial number and specific symptoms of break-down or malfunction, along with your name, address and telephone number.Copyrights ◎ Windows® and Windows® 7 are trademarks or registered trademarks of Microsoft® Corpo- ration. ◎ Macintosh, Mac OS and iPad are trademarks or registered trademarks of Apple Inc. ◎ The SD, SDHC and SDXC logos are trade- marks. MPEG Layer-3 audio compression tech- nology is licensed from Fraunhofer IIS and Sis- vel S.p.A. ◎ Bluetooth and the Bluetooth logo are regis- tered trademarks of Bluetooth SIG, Inc. and are used under license by ZOOM CORPORATION. ◎ Other product names, registered trademarks and company names in this document are the property of their respective companies.Note: All trademarks and registered trade- marks in this document are for identifi- cation purposes only and are not intended to infringe on the copyrights of their respective owners.Recording from copyrighted sources, including CDs, records, tapes, live performances, video works and broadcasts, without permission of the copyright holder for any purpose other than personal use is prohibited by law. ZOOM CORPORATION will not assume any responsibility related to infringements of copy- rights.Note about the Auto Power Off function The power will automatically turn off if unused for 10 hours. If you want the power to instead remain on, see "Disabling the Automatic Power Saving function" on P.21 and turn the function off. IntroductionThank you very much for purchasing a ZOOM Multitrack Field Recorder. The has the following features:• 8 analog input channels with super high-quality preamps The 8 lockable XLR/TRS combo jacks provide high-quality analog inputs with EIN of −127 dBu or less, +75 dB maximum input gain and support for +4 dB input.• PCM recording at up to 192kHz/24-bit resolution• Recording of up to 10 tracks simultaneously Inputs 1–8 and a stereo mix (left and right) can be recorded at the same time (8 tracks when the sampling rate is 192 kHz).• Dual channel recording of separate files at lower levels simultaneously with ordinary recording (Inputs 1–4) Using dual channel recording at a lower input level, you can create backup recordings to use when unexpected loud noise causes regu- lar recordings to distort, for example.• Newly redesigned limiters for overload protection With 10 dB of headroom, this limiter prevents distortion even more than ordinary ones. The threshold can also be set to keep the signal below that level.• Time code with pinpoint accuracy The utilizes a high-precision oscillator that generates time-code with accuracy of 0.2ppm, ensuring rock-solid stability when syncing audio and video.• Outputs include a stereo headphone jack with a powerful 100mW amp as well as MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 jacks This allows you to send the audio signal to a video camera or other device while monitoring with headphones.• Built-in digital mixer with flexible signal routing Prefader and postfader signals from inputs 1–8 can be freely routed to any outputs.• Phantom power (+24V/+48V) can be supplied This can be turned on/off for each input separately.• Three possible power sources—batteries, an AC adapter and an external DC power supply In addition to AA batteries and an AC adapter, a 9-18V external DC power supply can also be used.• Double SDXC card slots Simultaneous recording on 2 SD cards is possible, and support for SDXC cards up to 512 GB enables long-duration recording. In addi- tion, the can be used as a card reader by connecting to a com- puter using USB.• USB audio interface capabilities with up to 8 ins and 4 outs The can be used not only as a 2-in/2-out audio interface, but also as an 8-in/4-out audio interface (driver required for Windows).• Other useful features Other convenient functions include a built-in slate mic for voice memos and a variable frequency slate tone generator to confirm lev- els. There are also input and output delays and pre-recording of up to 6 seconds.• ZOOM mic capsules can be connected Use any ZOOM mic capsule instead of inputs 1/2.Please read this manual carefully to fully understand the functions of the so that you can make the most of it for many years. After reading this manual, please keep it with the warranty in a safe place.F8nMulti Track Field Recorder05 06Names of partsFrontDisplaySelectSlateTrack encoderswitchindicatorMENU keyHeadphoneSearchStopSearchPlay/pause volumebackwardkeyforwardkey keykeyBack DC IN connectorTimecode IN/OUTBattery cover MIC IN connectorsconnectorTrack keyRecord keyTrack knobLED level meterPFL keySlate micPOWER switchLED level meter−48Green Orange Red−30 −18 −12 −6 0(dBFS) F8nMulti Track Field RecorderLeft sideRight sideEXT DC INUSBSD cardLock releaseSUB OUT 1/2HeadphoneMAIN OUT 1/2 connectorportslotsbuttonjackjackjacksInputs 1–4 Inputs 5–8 EXT DC IN Inputs 1–8 MAIN OUT4: + 1: − 2 1 3: NC2: NC 1: GND2: HOT3: COLD XLR TRSTA3 TIP: HOT RING: COLDSLEEVE: GND1 2 331: GNDDC 9–18V2: HOT3: COLD HIROSE 4-pin07 08Connecting mics Connect dynamic and condenser mics with XLR plugs to Inputs 1–8. Phantom power (+24V/+48V) can be supplied to condenser mics. (→ P.90) Dynamic mic (XLR cable) Condenser mic (XLR cable) NOTE When disconnecting a mic, gently pull on the XLR plug while simul- taneously pushing the connector lock release button. The can record a total of 10 tracks simultaneously: 8 individual tracks with signals coming from Inputs 1–8 and a stereo mix of these inputs on left and right tracks. You can connect mics and the outputs of line-level devices such as keyboards, mixers, or instruments with active electronics to Inputs 1–8 and record them to tracks 1–8. Alternatively, Inputs 1 and 2 can instead receive input from a ZOOM mic capsule connected to the MIC IN connector. Connecting mics/other devices to Inputs 1–8 Connecting line level equipment Connect the TRS plugs of keyboards and mixers directly to Inputs 1–8. Direct input of passive guitars and basses is not supported. Connect these instruments through a mixer or effects device. Keyboard Mixer (TRS cable) (TRS cable) F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Connecting mic capsules A ZOOM mic capsule can be connected to the MIC IN connec- tor on the back of the . NOTE • The mic capsule input is assigned to tracks 1/2. • When a mic capsule is connected, Inputs 1/2 cannot be used. Connecting and disconnecting mic capsules 1. Remove the protective caps from the and the mic capsule or extension cable. 2. While pressing the side buttons on the mic capsule or extension cable, connect it to the main unit, inserting it completely. 3. To disconnect the mic capsule or extension cable, pull it away from the main unit while simultaneously pressing the buttons on its sides. NOTE • Do not use too much force when disconnecting. Doing so could damage the mic capsule, extension cable or main unit. • Reattach the protective cap when a mic capsule is not connected. Stereo input By enabling the stereo link for tracks 1/2, 3/4, 5/6 or 7/8, the corresponding Inputs (1/2, 3/4, 5/6 or 7/8) can be handled as a stereo pair. (→ P.27) When linked, Input 1, 3, 5 or 7 becomes the left channel and Input 2, 4, 6 or 8 becomes the right channel. 09 10 While filming • Input 1: gun mic for main subject sound (XLR connection) • Inputs 2–5: wireless lavalier mics for performers (TRS connections) • Inputs 6-7: mics for ambient sound (XLR connections) Wireless lavalier mics Ambient mics Connection examples The allows you to record in a variety of situations, such as the following. Connecting mics/other devices to Inputs 1–8 (continued) Gun mic Lavalier receivers 2 3 4 1 6 7 5 Concert recording • Inputs 1-4: mics for stage performance (XLR connections) • Inputs 5-6: line-level PA mixer outputs (TRS connections) • Inputs 7-8: mics for audience sound (XLR connections) Vocal mic, etc. PA mixer Audience mics 1 2 6 3 7 4 5 8 LCD display Home Screen ■ Mixer Status icon Recording/playback timecode Recording Counter (playback/elapsed recording time) Power type and remaining power DC: AC adapter EXT: external DC power supply AA: batteries Full Stopped Paused Frame rate INT: internal timecode enabled Playing EXT: external input timecode enabled Empty Track number Red: input enabled Green: playback track enabled Grey: input disabled Stereo-linked inputs Clip indicators Level meters Limiter status Grey: disabled Input source (→P.80) Red: enabled Yellow: functioning Trim Playback card Green: used for playback Grey: no card L/R tracks Fader Recording/playback take name Press when stopped to show the name of the next track to be recorded. Limiter indicators Yellow: limiter functioning Phantom power status Lit: enabled Unlit: disabled When recording: remaining recordable time When playing: remaining playback time (by card) Recording/playback file format and sampling rate (by card) HINT When the Home Screen is not displayed, press and hold to return to the Home Screen. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 11 USB1-4 12 ■ Level meters NOTE Turn to switch the mixer display (Tracks 1–8, MAIN OUT 1/2, SUB OUT 1/2, USB1−4) or level meter display (Views 1–4 can be set → P.164) shown on the LCD. LCD display (continued) Recording/playback Status icon Counter Frame rate timecode Power type and remaining power Limiter indicators Tracks 1–8 MAIN OUT 1/2, SUB OUT 1/2 tracks Recording/playback take name Playback card Clip indicators L/R tracks Level meters Recording/playback file format and sampling rate (by card) When recording: remaining recordable time When playing: remaining playback time (by card) Character input screen Text box Keyboard Instructions : MENU: ■ Editing operations Move cursor in box: and Character selection: Turn the to move horizontally and turn it while pressing to move verti- cally Automatic input keys Confirm character: Press Complete editing: Move cursor to “Enter” and press Cancel editing: Press NOTE • The following characters can be used in project names: HINT (space) ! # $ ' ( ) + , - 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ; = @ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U • Press + to delete the previous character. V W X Y Z [ ] ^ _ ` a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z { } • Press + to move the cursor to “Enter”. 13 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Number of characters input/ Maximum number of characters Press Press Press ABC abc #+= 14 LCD display (continued) ■ Automatic input keys (Date): Automatically inputs the date. Example: 180210 (Time): Automatically inputs the time. Example: 130950 (Project): Automatically inputs “Project” in the field. (Scene): Automatically inputs the scene name. Using AA batteries 1. Turn the power off and then loosen the screw in the battery cover to open it. Supplying power 2. Install the batteries. ɹ ɹ ɹ ɹ ɻ ɻ 3. Close the battery cover and tighten the screw. NOTE • Be careful because the battery case could become loose unex- pectedly if the cover screw is not tightened firmly. • Use only one type of batteries (alkaline, NiMH or lithium) at a time. • After loading batteries, set "Power Source" to the correct type of battery. (→ P.22) • If the remaining battery power indicator turns red, turn the power off immediately and install new batteries. ɻ ɻ ɹ ɻ ɻ ɻ ɹ ɹ ɻ F8n Multi Track Field Recorder ɹ P r e p a r a t i o n s 15 Using an AC adapter 1. Connect the dedicated AC adapter to the DC IN connector. 2. Plug the dedicated AC adapter into an outlet. 16 Supplying power (continued) Using an external DC power supply 1. Connect the external DC power supply equipment to the EXT DC IN connector. Connect a 9–18V direct-current power supply. 2. If there is an adapter, plug the adapter into an outlet. NOTE • When connecting an external DC power supply, be sure to make the power supply settings. (→ P.22) Loading an SD card 1. Turn the power off and then open the SD card slot cover. 2. Insert the SD card into the SD CARD 1 or 2 slot. To eject an SD card: Push the card further into the slot until it clicks and then pull it out. NOTE • Always turn the power off before inserting or removing an SD card. Inserting or removing a card while the power is on could result in data loss. • When inserting an SD card, be sure to insert the correct end with the top side up as shown. • If an SD card is not loaded, recording and playback will not be possible. • To format an SD card, see P. 177. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 17 18 Turning the power on and off Turning the power on 1. Press and hold briefly. The LED will light. NOTE • The first time you turn the power on after purchase, you must set the date/time (→ P. 19). You can also change this setting later. • If “No Card!” appears on the display, confirm that an SD card is inserted properly. • If “Card Protected!” appears on the display, the SD card write-pro- tection is enabled. Slide the lock switch on the SD card to disable write-protection. • If “Invalid Card!” appears on the display, the card is not format- ted correctly. Format the card or use a different card. To format an SD card, see P. 177. Turning the power off 1. Press and hold briefly. NOTE Keep pressing it until the ZOOM logo appears on the LCD. The will automatically turn off if it is unused for 10 hours. To keep the power on continuously until powered off, see "Dis- abling the Automatic Power Saving function" on P.21 and set Auto Power OFF to Off. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Date/Time (RTC), and press . The date and time set on the are used when recording files, for example. You can also set the date format (order of year, month and day). The first time you turn the on after purchasing it, you must set the date/time. Setting the date and time (Date/Time (RTC)) ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the date and time .................................................P.19 Setting the date format .....................................................P.20 Setting the date and time 4. Use to select Set Date/Time, and press . 5. Change the setting. ■ Changing settings Move cursor or change value: Turn Select item to change: Press F8n Multi Track Field Recorder P r e p a r a t i o n s 19 20 6. Use to select Enter, and press . This completes setting the date and time. Setting the date and time (Date/Time (RTC)) (continued) Setting the date format 4. Use to select Date Format, and press . 5. Use to select the format, and press . Setting value Explanation mm/dd/yy Month, day, year order dd/mm/yy Day, month, year order yy/mm/dd Year, month, day order Disabling the Automatic Power Saving function (Auto Power Off) The power will automatically turn off if the is unused for 10 hours. If you want the power to stay on continuously until powered off, disable the Automatic Power Saving function. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Auto Power Off and press . 4. Use to select Off, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 21 Set the external DC power supply shutdown voltage, nominal voltage and type of batteries so that the remaining power supply charge can be shown accurately. On this menu page, you can also check the voltage of each power supply and the remaining battery capacity. 22 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Power Source, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the external DC power supply (EXT DC) shutdown voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.22 Setting DC power supply (Ext DC) nominal voltage. . . . . P.23 Setting the AA battery type (Int AA). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.23 Setting the power supply used (Power Source) Setting the external DC power supply (EXT DC) shut- down voltage When an external DC power supply is being used, if the voltage drops below the value set here, the will automatically stop re- cording and turn off. If AA batteries (Int AA) are installed, however, the power supply will switch to Int AA and operation will continue. 4. Use to select Shutdown Voltage, and press . HINT • The shutdown voltage is the voltage when the external DC power supply runs out and can no longer supply power. • See the manual for the external DC power supply for the shut- down voltage value. 5. Use to select the voltage, and press . Setting DC power supply (Ext DC) nominal voltage 4. Use to select Nominal Voltage, and press . 5. Use to select the voltage, and press . HINT • The nominal voltage is the voltage of the external DC power sup- ply under normal conditions. This value should be indicated on the outside of the external DC power supply. • This can be set from 12.0 to 15.0 V in 0.2 V intervals. Setting the AA battery type (Int AA) 4. Use to select Battery Type, and press . 5. Use to select the type, and press . NOTE • When multiple power supplies are connected, they will be used in the following order of precedence. 1. Dedicated AC adapter (DC IN) 2. External DC power supply (Ext DC) 3. AA batteries in unit (Int AA) • The voltages of each power supply are shown on the display. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 23 24 Recording process Recording with the follows the process shown below. The data created for each recording occurrence is called a "take". Connect Play back and check (→ P.51) Check take information (→ P.63) • Connect mics, instruments, audiovisual equipment and other devices to Inputs 1–8. (→ P.8) • Connect a mic capsule to the MIC IN connector. (→ P.9) Turn power Prepare before Record on (→ P.18) recording (→ P.29) • Check and edit metadata. 1. Set the SD card and file format for recording. (→ P.25) • Set the recording file format for each SD card separately. • Press to start and • Press to start playback to stop recording. and or to stop it. • You can also set marks. • Marks, for example, can also • Press to start be set. recording a new track. • Press to pause 2. Select the recording tracks 3. Make recording settings 4. Adjust the input levels (→ P.27) (→ P.28) • Use track keys to select. • The side mic level can also be The indicators for selected tracks light adjusted when using a mid-side mic red and you will be able to monitor capsule. input sounds. • Press two track keys simultaneously • Make other settings, including for the following functions: - dual channel recording (→ P.33) - pre recording (→ P.35) - high pass filter (→ P.82) - limiter (→ P.83) to link them as a stereo track. The recording file format can be set independently for SD CARD slots 1 and 2. HINT • Recording the same content to two cards is possible by using the same settings for both card slots. This function can be used to create a backup in case the sound skips on one card, for example. • You can also record tracks 1–8 unmixed on one SD card while recording all tracks mixed together as MP3 or WAV data with left and right tracks. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select Rec to SD1 or Rec to SD2, and press . Enabling recording on SD cards and setting file formats 4. Use to select the file type, and press . Setting value Tracks recorded Explanation None – Nothing is recorded on the SD card. Track1-8 (Poly WAV) Selected tracks 1–8 A single (multitrack) file is created that contains audio for multiple tracks. Track1-8 (Mono/Stereo WAV) A single mono file is created for each mono track and a single stereo file is created for each stereo track. Track1-8 + L/R (Poly WAV) All selected tracks A single (multitrack) file is created that contains audio for multiple tracks. Track1-8 + L/R (Mono/Stereo WAV) A single mono file is created for each mono track and a single stereo file is created for each stereo track. L/R (Stereo WAV) L/R (Stereo MP3) L/R tracks A stereo file is created based on the mix created by the internal mixer. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 25 R e c o r d i n g 26 NOTE • When recording with a Mono/Stereo WAV setting, the audio files are saved in a take folder that is created. (→ P.38) • When recording to 2 SD cards simultaneously, files will be saved in take folders with the same name on both cards. Folders will be created automatically if they do not already exist. • If recording should stop on one SD card because, for example, it runs out of space, recording will continue on the other SD card. At such times, do not remove the card that has stopped recording from the slot. Doing so could damage the card or data. Enabling recording on SD cards and setting file formats (continued) You can select which of Inputs 1–8 to use. Inputs will be recorded on tracks with the same numbers. For example, Input 1 will be recorded on track 1 and Input 2 will be recorded on track 2. Selecting inputs 1. Make the track indicator light by pressing the track key for the number of the input to record. The background color of the track number on the LCD also changes at this time. Track indicator Linking inputs as a stereo pair 1. While pressing track key 1, press track key 2. Tracks 1 and 2 will be linked as a stereo track (stereo link). Repeat the same procedure to disable the stereo link. HINT • The 3/4, 5/6 and 7/8 track pairs can also be stereo-linked in the Track number background color Explanation Lit red Red The input is enabled. same way. • When a mic capsule that allows independent L and R input selec- Unlit Gray The input is disabled. tion is connected, stereo-linking can also be enabled and dis- NOTE abled for those tracks. The signals from the inputs selected this way will also be sent to the L/R tracks. Selecting inputs and adjusting levels F8n Multi Track Field Recorder R e c o r d i n g 27 R e c o r d i n g 28 Adjusting input levels 1. Use to select a trim, and press . 2. Use to adjust the input level, and press . NOTE When a mic capsule is connected, the input levels of Input 1/2 can- not be adjusted with the . Use the level control on the mic cap- sule to adjust its input volume. Selecting inputs and adjusting levels (continued) HINT • This can be set in a range from +10 to +75 dB when the input source is set to "Mic", from –10 to +55 dB when set to "Line", and from –35 to +30 dB when set to USB. • If the sound distorts even when you lower the input level, try changing mic positions and adjusting the output levels of con- nected devices. • Using the limiter (→ P.83) • Using the high pass filter (→ P.82) Recording 1. Press . This starts recording. HINT If the timecode function is enabled, recording will start from frame 00 (00 or 02 when using drop frame) and files will always end exactly on a second. This makes synchronization easy when editing later. 2. Press to start a new take when recording. This will end the current take and start a new take while continuing to record without interruption. NOTE Pressing during recording is only possible after recording for at least a second. 3. Press to pause. NOTE • When pausing, pausing will occur at a whole second increment. • When recording is paused, a mark is added at that point. Press to resume recording. • A maximum of 99 marks can be added to a take. HINT • During playback, you can press and to jump to points where marks have been added. • You can also add marks without pausing. (→ P. 170) 4. Press to stop. NOTE • If the maximum file size is exceeded during recording (→ P.36), recording will continue in a new take with a number that is one higher. No gap in sound will occur between the two takes when this happens. • When recording on 2 SD cards simultaneously, if recording should stop on one because it runs out of space, recording will continue on the other SD card without interruption. HINT • Files are automatically saved at regular intervals during record- ing. Even if the power is interrupted or another unexpected prob- lem occurs during recording, an affected file can be restored to normal by playing it with the . • Press and hold when the HOME screen is open to check the name that will be given to the next take recorded. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 29 30 Setting the sampling rate (Sample Rate) You can set the sampling rate used to record files. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select Sample Rate, and press . 4. Use to select the sampling rate, and press . Setting value Explanation 44.1kHz, 88.2kHz, 48kHz, 96kHz, 192kHz These are standard sampling rates. 47.952kHz Select this when recording video at 23.976 frames per second if you want to edit at 24 frames per second later. 48.048kHz Select this when recording video at 24 frames per second if you want to edit at NTSC 29.97 or 23.98 HD later. 47.952kHz (F), 48.048kHz (F) These function the same as the two above, but the sampling rate metadata will be recorded as 48kHz. This enables playback and editing with devices and software that do not support 47.952kHz and 48.048kHz WAV files. Playback, however, will occur at the ±0.1% speed at which the file was recorded. NOTE • When the recording file format is MP3, only 44.1kHz and 48kHz can be selected. • When 192 kHz is selected, L/R tracks will not be recorded. The Input Delay and Output Delay are also disabled. Moreover, Auto Mix, Ambisonic Mode, and Input Limiter > On/Off > On (Advanced) cannot be set. • Audio Interface with Rec cannot be used when values other than 44.1 kHz or 48 kHz are selected. Setting WAV file bit depth (WAV Bit Depth) You can set the bit depth of WAV files. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select WAV Bit Depth, and press . 4. Use to select the bit depth, and press . HINT This can be set to 16-bit or 24-bit. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 31 32 Setting MP3 file bit rate (MP3 Bit Rate) You can set the bit rate of recorded MP3 files. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select MP3 Bit Rate, and press . 4. Use to select the bit rate, and press . HINT This can be set to 128 kbps, 192 kbps or 320 kbps. Along with regular recording, the can capture a second recording set to a different input level (dual channel recording). For example, by using dual channel recording to record at an input level 12 dB below that of the regular recording, you have an immediate replacement if the regular recording distorts because the track level is too high. Dual channel recording can be used with tracks 1–4. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select Dual Channel Rec, and press . 33 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Simultaneously recording tracks at different levels (Dual Channel Rec) 4. Use to select the track, and press . 5. Use to select On, and press . When dual channel recording is on, the name of the correspond- ing second track (5–8) changes. 34 6. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. 7. Adjust its dual channel recording track input level. For example, when track 1 is se- lected, adjust the input level of track 5.(→P.28) HINT Dual channel recording increases the amount of space used on SD cards. NOTE • When using dual channel recording, the track that is numbered 4 higher than the original track is used for the second recording. For example, track 5 is used for the dual channel recording of track 1 and track 6 is used for track 2. Dual channel recording tracks cannot be used independently. • When dual channel recording is enabled, if stereo-linking is enabled or disabled for tracks 1/2 or 3/4, the same setting will be applied to tracks 5/6 or 7/8. • The limiter, high pass filter and other functions can be set inde- pendently for the regular and dual recording tracks. • When a mic capsule is connected, its dual recording track input level is fixed at –12 dB compared to the regular track. Simultaneously recording tracks at different levels (Dual Channel Rec) (continued) Capturing audio before recording starts (Pre Rec) The input signal can be captured for up to 6 seconds before is pressed (pre-recording). This is useful if, for example, is pressed too late. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select Pre Rec, and press . 4. Use to select On, and press . File format Sampling rate Maximum pre-recording time WAV 44.1kHz 6 seconds 47.952kHz 6 seconds 47.952kHz(F) 6 seconds 48kHz 6 seconds 48.048kHz 6 seconds 48.048kHz(F) 6 seconds 88.2kHz 3 seconds 96kHz 3 seconds 192kHz 1 second MP3 44.1kHz 48kHz 6 seconds 6 seconds NOTE Pre-recording will be disabled if MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Mode (→ P.126) is set to Int Record Run, Ext or Ext Auto Rec. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 35 36 Maximum file size (File Max Size) The maximum size of recording files can be set. If a recording file exceeds the maximum file size, recording will continue in a new take with a number that is one higher. No gap will occur in the sound between the two takes when this happens. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select File Max Size, and press . 4. Use to select Size, and press . 5. Use to select the maximum size of recording files, and press . HINT Setting the maximum size to 640MB or 512MB is convenient for backing up to CDs. Showing total recording times for long recordings (Time Counter) When recording for a long time, if the file size set with "File Max Size" is reached, recording will continue in a new take and the recording time will reset. You can change this, however, so that it is not reset and the total recording time is shown. 1. Press . 2. Use to select REC, and press . 3. Use to select File Max Size, and press . 4. Use to select Time Counter, and press . 5. Use to select Continuous, and press . Setting value Explanation Continuous When recording, even if the file size set with "Size" is reached, the counter shown on the Home Screen will not be reset. Reset When recording, if the file size set with "Size" is reached, the counter shown on the Home Screen will be reset to 000:00:00. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 37 HINT When recording with the , folders and files are created on SD cards as shown below. Folders and files are used to manage scenes and takes. • A "take" is a unit of data created for a single recording. • A "Scene" is a unit containing multiple files and takes that com- prise a single scene. Folder and file structure NOTE The folder and file structure differs according to the recording • Enabling recording on SD cards and setting file formats (→ P.25) file format. In addition, the names of folders and files depend • Setting how scenes are named (mode) (→ P.43) on how scenes are named. Root Order recorded → 180101-T001.WAV 180101-T002.MP3 Scene 180101 Scene 180101 (1st take) (2nd take) WAV format MP3 format Poly file Stereo file 180101-T003_Tr3.WAV 180101-T003_Tr4.WAV Scene 180101 (3rd take) WAV format Mono files (tracks 1–4) Next scene User created folder 180101 First scene 180102 Scene001 180101-T003.WAV Scene001-T001.WAV 180101-T003_Tr2.WAV 180102-T001.WAV 180102-T001_Tr1_2_D.WAV Scene 180102 (1st take) WAV format Stereo file (track 1–2) Dual channel recording file (tracks 1–2) Stereo file (L/R tracks) 180102-T002.WAV Scene 180102 (2nd take) WAV format Poly file 38 180101-T003_Tr1.WAV 180102-T001_Tr1_2.WAV Scene001-T001_Tr1.WAV Scene001-T001_Tr2.WAV 180102-T001_TrL_R.WAV Scene001-T001_Tr3.WAV Scene001-T001_Tr4.WAV Scene Scene001 (1st take) WAV format Mono files (tracks 1–4) Folder and file structure Take names Structure Explanation Scene001-T001 Take number (001–999) Scene number (1-9999) Scene name Scene name: Select none, the folder name, the date or a name input by the user (→ P.43). Scene number: Press + to advance the number by one. Take number: This number increases by 1 for each recording made with the same scene name and number. Audio file names File names are given by the according to the file for- mat—poly, mono or stereo. Track numbers and other data are added to file names. File names File names are given according to the following formats. Type Structure Explanation Poly file This is a file created by poly recording. Audio for multiple tracks is recorded to a single file. Mono file Scene001-T001.wav Take name Scene001-T001_Tr1.wav Take name This is a file created by mono recording. Stereo file Track number Scene001-T001_Tr1_2.wav Take name This is a file created by stereo recording. Dual channel record- ing file Track number Scene001-T001_Tr1D.wav Take name Track number Letter added to This is a file created dual channel by dual channel recording file recording. HINT When recording with a Mono/Stereo setting, the audio files are saved in the take folder that is created. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder R e c o r d i n g 39 40 Moving the previously recorded take to the FALSE TAKE folder If the just recorded take was a failure, you can use a shortcut to move the recording to the FALSE TAKE folder. 1. Open the Home Screen. 2. Press and hold . HINT • Moving the take recorded most recently to the FALSE TAKE folder will reduce the number of the take recorded next by 1. • Even during recording, you can move the previously recorded take to the FALSE TAKE folder. 3. Use to select Yes, and press . 1. Press . 2. Use to select META DATA (for Next Take), and press . 3. Use to select Note, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Editing notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.41 Selecting notes from the history list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.42 Changing the note for the next take recorded (Note) You can input characters for a note to use as metadata in the file. Editing notes 4. Use to select Edit, and press . 5. Edit the note. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE This note is written to the metadata. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 41 42 Changing the note for the next take recorded (Note) (continued) Selecting notes from the history list 4. Use to select History, and press . 5. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. 1. Press . 2. Use to select META DATA (for Next Take), and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting how scenes are named (mode). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.43 Changing scene names. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.44 Selecting a scene name from the history list . . . . . . . . . . P.45 Setting how scene numbers advance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.45 Setting how recorded scenes are named and numbered You can set how scenes are named (name mode), the base scene name and how scene numbers advance. Setting how scenes are named (mode) 3. Use to select Scene Name Mode, and press . 4. Use to select the mode, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 43 44 Setting how recorded scenes are named and numbered (continued) Setting value Explanation Changing scene names If Scene Name Mode is set to User Name, set the scene name used like this. None 3. Use to select User Scene Name, and press . 4. Use to select Edit, and press . 5. Edit the scene name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE The scene name is written to the metadata. You cannot put a space or an @ mark at the beginning of the name. The scene name and number are not used. When recording files are created, they are named only with the take number, such as "T001", "T002", "T003" and so on. + cannot be used to advance the scene number by 1. Example: T001.wav Current Folder The name of the currently selected folder is used as the scene name. + can be used to advance the scene number by 1. After advancing the scene number by 1, the cor- responding folder will be used as the recording des- tination. If that folder does not already exist, it will be created. Example: FOLDER001-T001.wav Date The date is used as the scene name. + cannot be used to advance the scene number by 1. If recording occurs after the date changes, a scene folder with the date will be created. Example: 20150101-T001.wav User Name A scene name input by the user is used. + can be used to advance the scene number by 1. No folder is created in this case. Example: MYSCENE001-T001.wav Selecting a scene name from the history list 3. Use to select User Scene Name, and press . 4. Use to select History, and press . 5. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. Setting how scene numbers advance 3. Use to select Scene Increment Mode, and press . 4. Use to select how scene numbers advance, and press . Setting value Explanation Numeric Press + on the Home Screen to increase the scene number by one. Example: Scene → Scene1 → Scene2 → ... → Scene9999 Character Press + on the Home Screen to advance the capital letter at the end of the scene name by one. If the scene name does not have a capital letter at its end, one will be added. Example: Scene1 → Scene1A → Scene1B → ... → Scene1Z → Scene1AA → Scene1AB → ... F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 45 46 Setting the take name reset condition and format You can set the take name reset condition and format used when recording. 1. Press . 2. Use to select META DATA (for Next Take), and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the take name reset condition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.46 Setting the take name format. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.47 Setting the take name reset condition 3. Use to select Take Reset Mode, and press . 4. Use to select the reset mode, and press . Setting value Explanation Off The take number will not be reset. However, if the folder is changed and that folder con- tains a number higher than the current take number, the take number will be set to one higher than the highest existing take number. Folder Change If the destination folder is changed, the take number will be set to one higher than the highest take number in that folder. Setting the take name format 3. Use to select Take Name Format, and press . 4. Use to select the format, and press . Setting value Explanation "Scene"-T "Scene"-T Take name Scene name Example: Scene001-T001 "Scene"- "Scene"** Take name Scene name Example: Scene001001 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 47 48 1. Press . 2. Use to select META DATA (for Next Take), and press . 3. Use to select Track Name, and press . HINT On the Home Screen, + can be used to open the Track Name screen. Changing the track name of the next take recorded (Track Name) The track name set with the following procedure will be given to the next recorded track. 4. Use to select the track, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Editing the track name . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.49 Selecting a track name from the History list . . . . . . . . . . . P.49 Editing the track name 5. Use to select Edit, and press . 6. Edit the track name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE The track name is written to the metadata. Selecting a track name from the history list 5. Use to select History, and press . 6. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 49 50 Changing the number of the next take recorded The number given to the next recorded take can be changed when the Home Screen is open. 1. Press and hold . NOTE This function cannot be used during recording and playback or when the scene naming method (Scene Name Mode) is set to Date. 2. Use to increase or You can change how scenes are named with the following menu item. MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Scene Name Mode decrease the take number by one, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Playing recordings 1. Press . ■ Playback operations Select take or jump to mark: Press or Search backward/forward: Press and hold / Pause/resume playback: Press NOTE Tracks that have no playback files appear gray. HINT • The longer you press and hold / , the faster the backward/ forward search speed. • During playback, press track keys to switch between playing back (lit green) and muted (unlit). • An "Invalid Take!" message will appear if the selected take is not valid. • A "No Take!" message will appear if no take exists. • During playback, you can press to add a mark that can be used for skipping. (→ P. 170) 2. Press to return to the Home Screen. 51 52 Mixing takes You can change the volume and panning of each track during playback. 1. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. (→ P.11) 2. Press to start playback. 3. Adjust the parameter settings. ■ Editing operations Move cursor or change value: Turn Select parameter to change: Press Parameter Setting range Explanation Fader Mute, −48.0 – +24.0 dB Adjusts the level of the input signal. Panning L100 – Center – R100 Adjusts the left-right stereo position of the sound. HINT • The pan cannot be adjusted when Track Knob Option is set to Fader. • You can turn to move the cursor, and also adjust the settings of the MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 tracks (→ P.116). • When a fader or pan knob is selected, press and hold to reset it to its default value. If already set to its default value, selecting a fader mutes the track. NOTE • Settings are saved separately for each take and are used during playback. • Mix settings are not saved with the take when the format is MP3. Monitoring the playback signals of specific tracks during playback You can monitor the playback signals of specific tracks using SOLO mode. 1. Open the Home Screen. NOTE SOLO mode can only be used with tracks that can be played back (indicators lit green). 4. Press of a track being monitored to stop 2. Press to start monitoring it. playback. 3. Press on the tracks that you want to monitor. The background colors for the selected tracks will become green, and their track indicators will light orange. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 53 54 Changing the playback mode (Play Mode) You can change the playback mode. 1. Press . 2. Use to select PLAY, and press . 3. Use to select Play Mode, and press . 4. Use to select the play mode, and press . Setting value Explanation Play One (single playback) Only the selected take will be played. Play All (all playback) Takes will be played back continuously from the selected one until the last take. Repeat One (single repeat playback) The selected take will be played repeatedly. Repeat All (all repeat playback) All takes in the selected folder will be played repeatedly. The FINDER allows you to select and view the contents of SD cards, takes and folders, and to create project/scene folders. It also allows you to, for example, set and delete recording/playback folders and view their information. 1. Press . 2. Use to select FINDER, and press . 3. Turn to select the SD card, folder or take that you want to use. ■ Editing operations Move cursor: Turn Move down a level: Press Move up a level: Press 55 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Take and folder operations (FINDER) ■ SD card selected Free space Size Recordable time ■ Folder selected Date Time ■ Take selected Timecode Frame rate Length Recording format Date created Time created Size MS Side mic level 56 NOTE • When the cursor is on a take, you can press to play the selected take. You can also use , and . • A check mark appears on the playback take and recording/play- back folder. ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Creating folders .................................................................P.56 Selecting the take recording/playback folder ..................P.57 Checking take marks and using them for playback ........P.57 Changing folder and take names .....................................P.58 Copying takes to other cards and folders .......................P.58 Deleting folders and takes ................................................P.59 Emptying the TRASH/FALSE TAKE folder.........................P.60 Take and folder operations (FINDER) (continued) Creating folders Folders can be created inside the currently selected SD card/folder. 4. Use to select New Folder, and press . 5. Edit the folder name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE • The folder created will be set as the recording folder. • The name of the folder created is written to the or metadata. • You cannot put a space or an @ mark at the beginning of the name. Selecting the take recording/playback folder Use this procedure to select the folder that contains the take to be played or the folder to use for recording takes. 4. Press and hold , use to select Select, and press . NOTE • The first take inside the selected SD card or folder will be set as the playback take. • After selecting the take recording/playback folder, the Home Screen will reopen. Checking take marks and using them for playback You can view a list of the marks in a recorded take. 4. Press and hold , use to select Mark List, and press . 5. Use to select a mark, and press . The Home Screen will reopen, and playback will start from the mark. Added Mark Indicates that a mark was added during a recording error. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 57 58 Changing folder and take names 4. Press and hold , use to select Rename, and press . 5. Edit the folder/take name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE • The edited name of the folder/take is written to the or metadata. • You cannot put a space or an @ mark at the beginning of the name. Take and folder operations (FINDER) (continued) Copying takes to other cards and folders 4. Press and hold , use to select Copy, and press . 5. Use to select the take to copy, and press . 6. Press and hold . 7. Use to select the copy destination, and press and hold . NOTE See "Take and folder operations" for how to select a folder. (→ P.55) 8. Use to select Yes, and press . Deleting folders and takes 4. Press and hold , use to select Delete, and press . 5. Use to select the folder/take to delete, and press . Press to cancel deletion. NOTE You can press to select/deselect all the folders and takes that are currently shown. 6. Press and hold . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 59 T a k e a n d f o l d e r o p e r a t i o n s 60 7. Use to select Yes, and press . NOTE • Deleted folders and takes are not immediately erased from the SD card. They are moved to the TRASH folder. • Deleting the folders and takes in the TRASH folder will com- pletely erase their data. Take and folder operations (FINDER) (continued) Emptying the TRASH/FALSE TAKE folder 4. Use to select TRASH or FALSE TAKE. 5. Press and hold . TRASH folder FALSE TAKE folder 6. Use to select Empty, and press . 7. Use to select Yes, and press . NOTE • Emptying the TRASH folder will completely erase the data in it. • Emptying the FALSE TAKE folder will not immediately erase the data in it from the SD card. Instead, this data will be moved to the TRASH folder. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 61 T a k e a n d f o l d e r o p e r a t i o n s 62 The writes a variety of information (metadata) to files during recording. When these files are read by an application that supports metadata, you will be able to check and use the saved information. HINT • Metadata is data that contains information related to other data. The saves scene names and take numbers, for example, as metadata in audio files. • A chunk is a unit that contains multiple data in a single block. • To use BEXT and iXML chunk metadata, an application that sup- ports both data formats is necessary. Overview of take information (metadata) stored in files WAV file metadata The metadata saved in files recorded by the in WAV for- mat is collected in BEXT (Broadcast Audio Extension) and iXML chunks. For information about the metadata saved in these chunks, see the “Metadata contained in BEXT chunks in WAV files” (→ P.187) and “Metadata contained in iXML chunks in WAV files” (→ P.188). MP3 file metadata The metadata saved in files recorded by the in MP3 for- mat is written as ID3v1 tags. For information about the ID3 fields and formats for saving metadata, see the "Metadata and ID3 fields contained in MP3 files" (→ P.190). HINT • MP3 files conform to the MPEG-1 Layer III standard. • MP3 metadata cannot be edited. 1. Press . 2. Use to select FINDER, and press . 3. Use to select the take, and press . This opens the Option Screen. See “Take and folder operations” for how to use the Finder. (→ P.55) 4. Use to select Meta Data Edit, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Checking and editing notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.64 Selecting notes from the history list . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.64 Checking and editing scene names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.65 Selecting a scene name from the history list . . . . . . . . . . P.65 Checking and editing take names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.66 Circling takes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.67 Editing folder (tape) names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.67 Editing project names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.68 Checking and editing track names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.68 Selecting a track name from the History list . . . . . . . . . . . P.69 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder T a k e a n d f o l d e r o p e r a t i o n s 63 64 Checking and editing notes 5. Use to select Note, and press . 6. Use to select Edit, and press . 7. Edit the note. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE The content of this note is written to the metadata. Checking and editing take metadata Selecting notes from the history list 5. Use to select Note, and press . 6. Use to select History, and press . 7. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. Checking and editing scene names 5. Use to select Scene, and press . 6. Use to select Edit, and press . 7. Edit the scene name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE The scene name is written to the metadata. Selecting a scene name from the history list 5. Use to select Scene, and press . 6. Use to select History, and press . 7. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 65 66 Checking and editing take metadata (continued) Checking and editing take names 7. When done changing, 5. Use to select Take, use to select Enter, and press . and press . 6. Change the take number. ■ Editing operations Move cursor or change value: Turn Select parameter to change: Press HINT This can be set from 1 to 999. NOTE The take number is written to the metadata. Circling takes Use this function to add an @ mark to the beginning of the name of the best take to make it stand out. This is called a "circled take". 5. Use to select Circle, and press . 6. Use to select Circled, and press . NOTE • To clear a circle, select Not Circled and press . • This circled status is written to the metadata. Editing folder (tape) names 5. Use to select Folder (Tape) Name, and press . 6. Edit the folder (tape) name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE • The folder (tape) name is written to the metadata. • The folder (tape) name used immediately after recording is the name of the folder in which the take was recorded. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 67 68 Checking and editing take metadata (continued) Editing project names Checking and editing track names 5. Use to select Project 5. Use to select Track Name, and press . Name, and press . 6. Edit the project name. 6. Use to select the track, See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. and press . NOTE • The project name is written to the metadata. • The project name used immediately after recording includes the 7. Use to select Edit, name of the highest level folder (inside the SD card root direc- tory) that contains the folder in which the take was recorded. and press . 8. Edit the track name. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. NOTE The track name is written to the metadata. Selecting a track name from the history list 5. Use to select Track Name, and press . 6. Use to select the track, and press . 7. Use to select History, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 69 70 Checking and editing take metadata (continued) 8. Use to select the item to use, and press . NOTE The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. Writing sound reports (Create Sound Report) A sound report includes information about recording times and takes. Reports can be written as CSV format files (F8n[folder name].CSV). You can edit the comments written in sound reports. 1. Press . 4. Use to select 2. Use to select FINDER, Create Sound Report, and press . and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Writing a sound report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. 72 Editing comments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P. 72 3. Use to select the folder Selecting comments from the history list . . . . . . . . . . . . P. 73 or SD card for which you want to create a sound report, and press and hold . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 71 72 Writing sound reports (Create Sound Report) (continued) Writing a sound report 5. Use to select Create, and press . 6. Use to select Yes, and press . This writes the sound report inside the selected SD card or folder. NOTE • Only information about takes in the folder or SD card is written in the sound report. • If a sound report file with the same name already exists, it will be overwritten. Please use caution. Editing comments 5. Use to select Info Edit, and press . 6. Use to select Comments, and press . 7. Use to select Edit, and press . 8. Edit the comment. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. Selecting comments from the history list 5. Use to select Info Edit, and press . 6. Use to select Comments, and press . 7. Use to select History, and press . 8. Use to select the item to use, and press . HINT The history list will be erased if the Factory Reset function is used. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 73 74 Input and output signal flow Input 1 : : D u a l C h a n n e l R e c I n p u t L i m i t e r Track 1 Recording Input 2 Input 7 P h a s e I n v e r t M S S t e r e o I n p u t D e l a y Track 2 T r i m H P F Track 7 Input 8 T r 1 - 8 F a d e r : : T r L / R F a d e r S l a t e M i c / T o n e Track L Track R Output Postfader : R o u t i n g : Track 8 P a n M i x e r L R O u t p u t D e l a y MAIN OUT 1/2 jacks SUB OUT 1/2 jack Prefader : O F a d e r u t p u t L i m i t e r O u t p u t O n / O f f , L e v e l A l e r t T o n e L e v e l HEADPHONE jack S l a t e M i c / T o n e Adjusting the input signal monitoring balance You can adjust the volume of each input signal when monitoring. 1. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. (→ P.11) 2. Use to adjust the faders. HINT • The fader setting range is muted, and –48.0 to +24.0 dB. • You can turn to move the cursor, and also adjust the settings of the MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 signals. (→ P.116) NOTE • The MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 faders do not affect the levels of the slate mic and slate tone. • These volume settings only affect the monitoring signals. They have no effect on recorded data. • Settings are saved separately for each take that is already recorded and can be changed during playback. (→ P.52) • Mix settings are not saved with the take when the recorded file format is MP3. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 75 76 Setting the track knob function 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Track Knob Option, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Adjusting trim settings with track knobs. . . . . . . . . . . . . P. 76 Adjusting fader and pan settings with track knobs . . . . P. 77 Setting the track knob function (Track Knob Option) The Home Screen layout and track knob functions can be changed. Adjusting trim settings with track knobs This track knob function is restricted to changing input levels. 4. Use to select Trim, and press . 5. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. 6. Use a track's to adjust its trim. HINT The panning and fader level can be changed as follows. Move cursor, change setting value: Turn Select parameter to change: Press Adjusting trim, fader and pan settings with track knobs The track knobs can be used to quickly adjust the fader and pan settings of each track. 4. Use to select Mixer, and press . 5. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. 6. Use to select the parameter you want to adjust, and press . 7. Use of the track you want to adjust to change its setting value. HINT The position of the knob on the display always shows the current setting. NOTE After changing the parameter be adjusted, for example, if the posi- tions of and the knob on the display are different, the knob on the display will appear gray, and moving will not affect that setting. In this case, if you adjust to match the position of the knob on the display, the display knob and will be relinked, and you will be able to use to adjust its setting value again. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Parameters with setting values and positions that are different 77 78 Adjusting the L/R track volume 1. Open the Home Screen. 4. When finished adjusting, press or + . NOTE This is only enabled when Track Knob Option is not set to Fader. When set to Fader, you can adjust by using to select. 2. Press + . NOTE Shortcuts are disabled during playback. 3. Use to adjust the volume. NOTE • Volume settings affect the results of recording. • If only the L/R track is recorded, the L/R track fader setting for the take will be saved as 0dB. Monitoring the input signals of specific tracks (PFL/SOLO) You can monitor the input signals of specified tracks. Even tracks that have not been set to record can be input to the PFL screen and their input sounds monitored. This is convenient when using tracks as return inputs. You can also make various settings for these tracks. 1. Press on the tracks that you want to monitor. The selected track keys will light orange, and the PFL screen will open. "PFL" or "SOLO" appears at the top of the display, and you will be able to monitor the input signal with headphones. PFL mode Track name Parameter names Level meter (prefader input signal level) Parameter Explanation Input Source This sets the input source. Input Level This sets the input level. Phantom This sets phantom power. HPF This sets the high pass filter. Input Limiter This sets the limiter. Fader This sets the fader level. Pan This sets the panning. Parameter Explanation Phase Invert This sets the phase. Side Mic Level This sets the side mic level of a mid-side mic capsule. Input Delay This sets the input delay. Plugin Power This sets the plugin power. Stereo Link This sets the stereo link. Stereo Link Mode This sets the stereo link mode. PFL Mode This sets the monitoring volume on the PFL screen. NOTE This does not change the signals output from MAIN OUT and SUB OUT. HINT Use to select parameters and change setting values. 2. Press or for the monitored tracks. Open the Home Screen. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 79 80 Setting the input source (Input Source) Follow these procedures to set the input source of each track. 1. Press . HINT Select ALL to set all the tracks at the same time. 2. Use to select INPUT, and 5. Use to select the input press . source, and press . Setting value Explanation 3. Use to select Input Mic Source, and press . 4. Use to select a track, and press . Select this when connecting a mic or other equipment with a low input level. Line Select this when connecting line level equipment. The input level will be reduced 20 dB compared to when "Mic" is selected. USB 1, USB 2, USB 3, USB 4 When Audio Interface with Rec (→ P.147) is set to On, computer output signals are treated as input signals. NOTE • When a mic capsule is connected, the Input Source cannot be changed for Inputs 1 and 2. • When dual channel recording is enabled (→P.33), the Input Source cannot be changed for the dual channel recording tracks. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Setting the monitoring volume on the PFL screen (PFL Mode) On the PFL screen, you can set the monitored sound to be either prefader listening (PFL) or postfader solo (SOLO). 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select PFL Mode, and press . 4. Use to select the track, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all the tracks at the same time. 5. Use to select the mode, and press . Setting value Explanation PFL Monitor the prefader sound. SOLO Monitor the postfader sound. NOTE When the PFL screen is open during playback, the monitoring sound will be post-fader (SOLO) regardless of the setting. 81 82 Cutting low-frequency noise (HPF) The high pass filter can cut low frequencies to reduce the sound of wind, vocal pops and other noise. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select HPF, and press . 4. Use to select the input, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all inputs at the same time. 5. Use to set the cutoff frequency, and press . NOTE The HPF also affects dual channel recording data. HINT This can be set to Off or between 10 and 240 Hz. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Input limiter The limiter can prevent distortion by controlling input signals that have excessively high levels. Threshold 1. Press . Attack time Original signal 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Input Limiter, and press . 4. Use to select the input, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all the inputs at the same time. Release time Level Limited signal Time When the limiter is ON, if the input signal level exceeds the set threshold value, the signal level will be suppressed to pre- vent the sound from distorting. The attack time is how long after the signal exceeds the threshold before the limiter starts operating. The release time is how long after the signal goes below the threshold before the limiter stops operating. You can change these two param- eters to adjust the sound quality. HINT The has a newly designed limiter that provides 10 dB of head- room, allowing signals to be kept well below the set threshold, therefore more effectively preventing distortion. 83 ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Using the limiter ................................................................P.84 Setting the type .................................................................P.85 Setting the threshold .........................................................P.86 Setting the attack time.......................................................P.86 Setting the release time ....................................................P.87 Setting the target level ......................................................P.88 On (Normal) On (Advanced) Peak might remain Before limiter After limiter threshold Before limiter After limiter Sudden peaks are suppressed by detecting maximum levels in advance target level 84 Input limiter (continued) Using the limiter 5. Use to select On/Off, and press . 6. Use to select the setting, and press . Setting value Explanation Off This disables the limiter. On (Normal) This applies an ordinary limiter. The ratio is 20:1. On (Advanced) By detecting the maximum level in advance, this optimized limiter prevents distortion even more than ordinary limiter operation. The ratio is ∞:1, providing increased internal headroom. NOTE When set to On (Advanced), the input latency of the increases 1 ms. When monitoring sounds being recorded with a mic in real- time, increased latency can cause interference between sound transmitted through the air from the source and the delayed mon- itored sound, possibly making accurate monitoring of the sounds difficult. NOTE • When set to On (Advanced), the Sample Rate cannot be set to 192 kHz. Moreover, when the Sample Rate is set to 192 kHz, the On (Advanced) setting cannot be selected. Setting the type 5. Use to select Type, and press . 6. Use to select the type, and press . Setting value Explanation Hard Knee Only peaks that exceed the threshold are attenuated. There is no effect below the threshold. Soft Knee The limiter gradually affects the signal about 6 dB below the threshold for a gentler effect. NOTE This setting can be made when On/Off is set to On (Normal). F8n Multi Track Field Recorder I n p u t s e t t i n g s 85 86 Setting the threshold This sets the level at which the limiter begins operating. 5. Use to select Threshold, and press . 6. Use to adjust the setting, and press . HINT This can be set from −16 to −2 dBFS. NOTE This setting can be made when On/Off is set to On (Normal). Input limiter (continued) Setting the attack time This sets the amount of time until limiting starts after the input signal exceeds the threshold. 5. Use to select Attack Time, and press . 6. Use to adjust the time, and press . HINT This can be set from 1 to 4 ms. NOTE This setting can be made when On/Off is set to On (Normal). Setting the release time This sets the amount of time until limiting stops after the input signal goes below the threshold. 5. Use to select Release Time, and press . 6. Use to adjust the time, and press . HINT • Limiter operation is linked for tracks that have stereo link or MS stereo link enabled. If the signal for either linked channel reaches the threshold, the limiter will operate on both tracks. • When the limiter is operating, the right-most segment of the level meter and the mixer limiter indicator on the display light yellow. NOTE This setting can be made when On/Off is set to On (Normal). F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 87 88 Input limiter (continued) Setting the target level When the limiter On/Off setting is set to On (Advanced), use this to set the target output level for the signal. 5. Use to select Target Level, and press . 6. Use to adjust the setting, and press . HINT • This can be set from −16 to 0 dBFS. • After a signal passes through the limiter, it will not exceed the set target level value. NOTE This setting becomes available when On/Off is set to On (Advanced). Inverting the input phase (Phase Invert) The phase of the input signal can be inverted. This is useful when sounds cancel each other out due to mic positioning. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Phase Invert, and press . 4. Use to select the input, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all inputs at the same time. 5. Use to select On, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 89 The can provide phantom power. The voltage can be set to +24V or +48V and it can be turned on/off for each input separately. 90 HINT Phantom power is a function that supplies power to devices that require an external power supply, including some condenser mics. The standard power is +48V, but some devices can operate with lower voltages. NOTE Do not use this function with a device that is not compatible with phantom power. Doing so could damage the device. Changing the phantom power settings (Phantom) 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Phantom, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Using phantom power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.91 Setting the voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.91 Disabling phantom power during playback . . . . . . . . . . . P.92 Using phantom power 4. Use to select On/Off, and press . 5. Use to select the input, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all inputs at the same time. 6. Use to select On, and press . NOTE When a mic capsule is connected, phantom power is set to Off for inputs 1/2. Setting the voltage 4. Use to select Voltage (For All Inputs), and press . 5. Use to select the voltage, and press . HINT When using mics and other equipment that can operate with volt- ages less than +48V, selecting +24V can reduce power consumption by the . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 91 92 Changing the phantom power settings (Phantom) (continued) Disabling phantom power during playback 4. Use to select Power Saving (For All Inputs), and press . 5. Use to select On (Phantom off during play back), and press . Setting value Explanation Off Phantom power is supplied even during playback. On (Phantom off during play back) Phantom power is not supplied during playback. This can reduce the power consumption. HINT If mics do not need phantom power during playback, disabling it can reduce power consumption. NOTE This setting affects all inputs. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Plugin Power, and press . 4. Use to select On, and press . Make this setting when a mic that is compatible with plug-in power is connected to the mic capsule’s MIC/LINE input jack. Changing the plugin power setting (Plugin Power) NOTE This setting can be changed only when a mic capsule that supports plug-in power is connected. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder I n p u t s e t t i n g s 93 94 Delaying input signals (Input Delay) If there are differences in the timing of input signals, use this function to correct them when recording. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Input Delay, and press . 4. Use to select the input, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all inputs at the same time. 5. Use to adjust the delay time, and press . HINT This can be set from 0 to 30.0 ms. NOTE When Sample Rate is set to 192kHz, Input Delay is disabled. Signals from a mid-side stereo mic input connected to stereo-linked inputs can be converted to an ordinary stereo signal. See "Linking inputs as a stereo pair" (→ P.27) for how to use stereo linking. Mid-side stereo format overview This technique creates a stereo Mid mic recording from signals input by a directional mid mic that captures sound in the center and a bidi- rectional side mic that captures sounds from the left and right. Side mic Mid-side recording allows you to change the stereo width by the adjusting the level of the side mic. M S+ S- Master Since this technique can capture Phase Phase Phase a wide stereo image, it is ideal Pan Pan Pan L R for recording open spaces with numerous sound sources, such as orchestras, live concerts and soundscapes. Mid-side recording is also extremely effective when you want to be able to control the amount of room ambience in a sig- nal. For this reason, it is often used for live as well as studio recording. In addition, the stereo signal created by this tech- nique is fully mono-compatible, making it especially useful when recording sound for film, video, or broadcast. 95 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Converting mid-side input to ordinary stereo (Stereo Link Mode) 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Stereo Link Mode, and press . I n p u t s e t t i n g s 96 4. Use to select the input pair, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all input pairs at the same time. 5. Use to select MS Stereo Link, and press . Setting value Explanation Stereo Link When stereo-linked, inputs are handled normally. MS Stereo Link When stereo-linked, signals from a mid-side mic are con- verted to ordinary stereo. Converting mid-side input to ordinary stereo (Stereo Link Mode) (continued) NOTE • When MS Stereo Link is selected, odd-numbered inputs are han- dled as mid signals and even-numbered inputs as side signals. • The MS Stereo Link setting is disabled if a ZOOM mic capsule is connected that cannot have L/R signals routed individually to inputs 1/2. HINT • Use for each input to adjust the mid/side balance. • The PFL screen allows you to adjust the side mic level for inputs 1/2 when a mid-side mic capsule is connected. Adjusting the input levels of multiple tracks simultaneously (Trim Link) The input levels of multiple tracks can be linked and adjusted at the same time. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Trim Link, and press . HINT You can also open the Trim Link screen from the Home Screen by pressing while pressing and holding . 4. Use to select a track to link, and press . Clear all settings Linked Not linked HINT • When Track Knob Option is not set to Fader, you can use for the first track in a link group to adjust all the input levels within that group at the same time. • Icons for group names are shown next to linked tracks. NOTE • A track cannot be in more than one group at a time. • The input levels of tracks set to MS Stereo Link will also be linked if those tracks are put into groups. • The input levels of tracks that have a mic capsule connected will not be linked even if those tracks are put into groups. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 97 I n p u t s e t t i n g s 98 1. Press for track 1 or 2. 2. Use to select Side Mic Level, and press . 3. Use to adjust the side mic level, and press . HINT This can be set to Off, RAW or in a range from −24 to +6 dB. You can adjust the side mic level (stereo width) before recording when a mid-side mic capsule is connected. Adjusting the side level of a mid-side mic capsule (Side Mic Level) NOTE • The more the side mic level is increased, the greater the stereo width. • When set to RAW, recording will occur without stereo encoding. The stereo width of audio in RAW format can be adjusted after recording by using ZOOM MS Decoder or other plug-in software. • This can be adjusted only when a mid-side type mic capsule is connected. HINT When dual channel recording is on, the side mic level can also be set for tracks 5/6, which correspond to tracks 1/2. When using multiple mics to capture audio during a meeting, for example, automatically attenuating the inputs of mics that are not in active use provides the following benefits. • The likelihood of feedback is reduced. • Background noise, including fans and crowds is suppressed to a certain level regardless of the number of people using mics. • Sound quality degradation due to phase differences caused by variations in the distances of multiple mics is reduced. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Auto Mix, and press . Changing the automatic mixing setting (Auto Mix) 4. Use to select a track, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all the tracks at the same time. 5. Use to select On, and press . NOTE • The following functions and settings cannot be used with this function. − The sampling rate cannot be set to 192 kHz. − The Ambisonic Mode format cannot be set to any value other than Off. • When the sampling rate is set to 44.1–48.048 kHz and Auto Mix is set to On, the latency will increase 2 ms. • When monitoring sounds being recorded with a mic in real-time, increased latency can cause interference between sound trans- mitted through the air from the source and the delayed moni- tored sound, possibly making accurate monitoring of the sounds difficult. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 99 100 Changing the automatic mixing setting (Auto Mix) (continued) When Track Knob Option is set to Fader and Auto Mix is enabled, the Home Screen will appear as follows. Meters that show the amount of attenuation due to Auto Mix By connecting mics that can output ambisonics A-format signals to Inputs 1–4, audio can be converted to ambisonics B-format and recorded. 1. Press . 2. Use to select INPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Ambisonic Mode, and press . 4. Use to select Format, and press . Setting the format of Ambisonic Mode 5. Use to select the format, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 101 102 Setting the format of Ambisonic Mode (continued) FuMa This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics FuMa B-format, and saves them as a 4-channel polyphonic file. AmbiX This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics AmbiX B-format, and saves them as a 4-channel polyphonic file. T r i m Ambisonics A (Stereo Monitor) This saves the signals from Inputs 1-4 as a 4-channel poly- phonic file without converting them to an ambisonics B-for- mat. The monitoring signal is converted to ambisonics B-for- mat and then to an ordinary stereo signal. Format: Ambisonics A (Stereo Monitor) Input 1-4 T r i m Ambisonics B-format converter Track 1-4 Format: FuMa, AmbiX Ambisonics B-format converter (FuMa or AmbiX) Input Track 1-4 L/R Ambisonics Stereo Monitor converter Track 1-4 Ambisonics Stereo Monitor converter Track L/R FuMa(Dual) This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics FuMa B-format, and saves them as a 4-channel polyphonic file. AmbiX(Dual) This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics AmbiX B-format, and saves them as a 4-channel polyphonic file. FuMa + AmbiX This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics FuMa B-format, and records them to tracks 1-4. It also con- verts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics AmbiX B-format, and records them to tracks 5-8. These can be recorded at different input levels. Format: FuMa (Dual), AmbiX (Dual), FuMa + AmbiX Input 1-4 T r i m T r i m Ambisonics B-format converter (FuMa or AmbiX) Ambisonics B-format converter (FuMa or AmbiX) Ambisonics Stereo Monitor converter Track 1-4 Track 5-8 Track L/R FuMa + Ambisonics A This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambisonics FuMa B-format, and records them to tracks 1-4. It also records the signals from Inputs 1-4 to tracks 5-8 without converting them to an ambisonics B-format. These can be recorded at different input levels. AmbiX + Ambisonics A This converts the signals from Inputs 1-4 to the ambison- ics AmbiX B-format, and records them to tracks 1-4. It also records the signals from Inputs 1-4 to tracks 5-8 without converting them to an ambisonics B-format. These can be recorded at different input levels. Format: FuMa + Ambisonics A, AmbiX + Ambisonics A Input 1-4 T r i m T r i m Ambisonics B-format converter (FuMa or AmbiX) Ambisonics Stereo Monitor converter Track 1-4 Track 5-8 Track L/R F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 103 104 Setting the format of Ambisonic Mode (continued) NOTE HINT • The sampling rate can only be set to 192 kHz when the format of • Ambisonic Mode can be set during use as an audio interface Ambisonic Mode is Off. (Multi Track). • Ambisonic files are saved as 4-channel polyphonic files, not as mono or stereo files. • A ZOOM mic capsule can only be used when the format of Ambi- • Even when the format of Ambisonic Mode is Off, you can press track to monitor their input sounds. When PFL mode is sonic Mode is Off. set to PFL, you can monitor sounds before they are converted • The following parameters cannot be set for tracks using Ambi- to ambisonics B-format. When PFL mode is set to SOLO, you sonic Mode input. can monitor sounds after they are converted to ambisonics — Pan B-format. — Phase Invert — Side Mic Level • The input enabled/disabled statuses of the Ambisonic Mode — Input Delay input tracks are linked, so the settings of all assigned tracks can — Stereo Link be switched simultaneously by pressing any of their track keys. — Stereo Link Mode • The following parameters that can be set on the PFL screen are — Dual Channel Rec linked for input tracks using Ambisonic Mode. — Trim Link • Files recorded when the format of Ambisonic Mode is not Off — HPF will play back as ambisonic audio sources rather than ordinary — Input Limiter 4-channel polyphonic files. For this reason, these tracks cannot — Phantom the panned or muted during playback. — Fader • When the sampling rate is set to 44.1–48.048 kHz and Ambi- — PFL Mode sonic Mode is not set to Off, the latency will increase 2 ms. When monitoring sounds being recorded with a mic in real-time, increased latency can cause interference between sound trans- — Input Source — Input Level mitted through the air from the source and the delayed moni- tored sound, possibly making accurate monitoring of the sounds difficult. • This cannot be used with the Auto Mix function. When Ambisonic Mode is enabled, the Home Screen will appear as follows. Track 1-4 fader Format name Format name Track 1-4 fader Pan disable F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 105 106 Setting the mic position used for ambisonic recording (Mic Position) By setting the mic orientation used during ambisonic recording as an parameter, proper positioning can be maintained when converting to ambisonic B format if the mic orientation is changed from upright to upside down or horizontal. 1. Press . 5. Use to select the mic 2. Use to select INPUT, and orientation, and press . press . Setting value Explanation Upright Use this setting to record with the mic upright. Upside Down Use this setting to record with the mic upside down. Endfire 3. Use to select Ambisonic Mode, and press . 4. Use to select Mic Position, and press . Use this setting to record with the mic oriented horizontally. Upright Front Endfire Upside Down HINT • Using the mic upright is recommended for ambisonic recording in order to minimize reflections from the floor and the mic itself. • When it is difficult to use the mic in an upright orientation, you can place it upside down or pointing forward and change the Mic Position setting accordingly. NOTE • If this setting and the mic position do not match, sound positioning will not be properly re-created during conversion to ambisonic B format. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 107 108 You can set the type of signal sent to the headphone output to either prefader or postfader for each track. You can also save 10 setting combinations (Setting 1 – Setting 10). 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Headphone, and press . 4. Use to select Headphone Routing, and press . Setting signals sent to headphones (Headphone Routing) 5. Use and to select the setting you want to change. NOTE • You can also press + to open the Headphone Routing screen. • You can edit and save up to 10 signal settings. • Settings are saved automatically. ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.109 Using mono headphone output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.110 Monitoring mid-side stereo signals. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.110 Setting the routing 6. Use to select the tracks/outputs for headphone routing and press . Mid-side stereo monitoring Set tracks 1–8 to prefader (deactivates MS) Cycles options: • Change tracks 1–8 to postfader (cancels others) • Change L/R to postfader (cancels others) • Change M1/M2 to postfader (cancels others) • Change S1/S2 to postfader (cancels others) (deactivates MS) • Change U1–U4 to postfader (cancel others) Prefader selected Postfader selected Off HINT Press to cycle through the options: Prefader → Postfader → Off. Tracks routed to the left headphone channel Tracks routed to the right headphone channel Mono mix Clear all settings NOTE • You cannot set L/R , MAIN OUT 1/2 or SUB OUT 1/2 to prefader. • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, USB tracks 1–4 can be assigned. • You cannot select the 1–8, L/R , MAIN OUT 1/2, SUB OUT 1/2 and USB1–4 tracks at the same time. Selecting one will deselect any other. 7. Press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 109 110 Setting signals sent to headphones (Headphone Routing) (continued) Using mono headphone output Monitoring mid-side stereo signals 6. Use to select MONO Mix, Signals from a mid-side stereo mic can be converted to an ordinary stereo signal for monitoring. and press . 6. Use to select MS, and press . 7. Press . 7. Press . NOTE • This is disabled for stereo-linked tracks that have Stereo Link Mode set to MS Stereo Link. • This is only enabled for tracks that have a mid-side microphone or mid-side mic capsule connected and the Side Mic Level set to RAW. • When mid-side stereo monitoring is enabled, the prefader tracks will be routed automatically to the headphone channels, with the odd-numbered to the left and the even-numbered to the right. In this case, the routing cannot be changed manually. Outputting alerts through headphones (Alert Tone Level) The volume can be adjusted for alerts output to headphones when, for example, recording starts and stops. 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Headphone, and press . 4. Use to select Alert Tone Level, and press . 5. Use to adjust the volume, and press . HINT • This can be set to Off or between −48 and −12 dBFS. • When set to Off, no alerts will be output. When alerts sound Sound type Remaining battery low 880Hz tone 4 times every 30 seconds Recording starts 1000Hz tone 1 time Recording stops 880Hz tone 2 times Recording not possible 880Hz tone 3 times F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 111 112 Setting the headphone output Volume Curve The volume curve used when adjusting the headphone volume knob can be set. 1. Press . 5. Use to select the volume 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and curve, and press . press . Setting value Explanation Linear 3. Use to select Headphone, and press . 4. Use to select Volume Curve, and press . The volume will change evenly from the minimum value to the maximum value. A Curve The closer the volume is to its minimum position, the more rapidly it will change. S Curve The closer the volume is to its center position, the more rapidly it will change. Boosting headphone output to alleviate interference from recorded sound (Digital Boost) Boosting the headphone output alleviates the interference of sound waves traveling through the air with the headphone moni- toring signal, enabling more accurate monitoring of the sound being recorded. 1. Press . 5. Use to adjust the 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and amount of boost, and press . press . HINT The amount of boost can be set from 0 to +24 dB. 3. Use to select Headphone, NOTE In situations where the sound being recorded can be heard at the and press . headphone monitoring position, sound waves traveling through the air can interfere with the sound heard from the headphones, altering the monitored sound. The more the sound heard through the headphones is delayed and the lower its volume, the greater the impact of the sound waves. 4. Use to select Digital Digital Boost adds a set boost volume to the adjusted headphone volume level, reducing the impact of the sound waves that travel Boost, and press . through the air. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 113 114 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Output On/Off, and press . Disabling outputs (Output On/Off) By disabling outputs that you are not using, you can reduce power consumption and increase the length of operation time when using batteries. 4. Use to select the output, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all outputs at the same time. 5. Use to select Off, and press . Setting the standard output level (Output Level) The standard output level can be changed. 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Output Level, and press . 4. Use to set the output type, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all outputs at the same time. 5. Use to set the standard output level, and press . Setting value Explanation Line (+4 dBu) This sets the standard level to +4 dBu. Only MAIN OUT1/2 can be selected. Normal (−10 dBV) This sets the standard level to −10 dBV. Mic (−40 dBV) This sets the standard level to −40 dBV. Only SUB OUT1/2 can be selected. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 115 116 1. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. (→ P.11) 2. Use to open the MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 settings screen. Setting output levels The MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 levels can be changed. 3. Use to select a fader, and press . 4. Use to adjust the output level, and press . HINT • This can be set to Mute or from −48.0 to +12.0 dB. • You can also check and adjust various output settings on the MAIN OUT and SUB OUT setting screen. Delaying output signals (Output Delay) By delaying audio outputs, you can correct timing differences for signals input to other devices from the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Output Delay, and press . 4. Use to select the output, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all outputs at the same time. 5. Use to adjust the delay in frames, and press . HINT This can be set from 0.0 to 10.0 frames. NOTE • The delay in milliseconds depends on the frame rate of the selected timecode. • When Sample Rate is set to 192kHz, Output Delay is disabled. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 117 118 Output Limiter Using a limiter on the output can protect devices connected to the output jacks. HINT For details about the effect of the limiter, see "Input limiter". (→ P.83) 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select Output Limiter, and press . 4. Use to select the output, and press . HINT Select ALL to set all outputs at the same time. ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Using the limiter ................................................................P.118 Setting the type .................................................................P.119 Setting the threshold .........................................................P.119 Setting the attack time.......................................................P.120 Setting the release time ....................................................P.120 Setting links .......................................................................P.121 Using the limiter 5. Use to select On/Off, and press . 6. Use to select On, and press . Setting the type 5. Use to select Type, and press . 6. Use to select the type, and press . Setting value Explanation Hard Knee Only peaks that exceed the threshold are attenuated. There is no effect below the threshold. Soft Knee The limiter gradually affects the output signal about 6 dB below the threshold for a gentler effect. Setting the threshold This sets the level at which the limiter begins operating. 5. Use to select Threshold, and press . 6. Use to adjust the setting, and press . HINT This can be set from −16 to −2 dBFS. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 119 120 Output Limiter (continued) Setting the attack time Setting the release time This sets the amount of time until limiting starts after the out- This sets the amount of time until limiting stops after the out- put signal exceeds the threshold. put signal goes below the threshold. 5. Use to select Attack 5. Use to select Release Time, and press . Time, and press . 6. Use to adjust the time, 6. Use to adjust the time, and press . and press . HINT HINT This can be set from 1 to 4 ms. This can be set from 1 to 500 ms. Setting links The limiter can be linked or applied separately to MAIN OUT 1 and MAIN OUT 2, as well as to SUB OUT 1 and SUB OUT 2. 5. Use to select Link, and press . 6. Use to select Off, and press . Setting value Explanation Off Separates limiter operation. On Links limiter operation. If the signal for either linked signal reaches the threshold, the limiter will operate on both channels. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 121 122 Selecting signals sent to the main outputs (MAIN OUT Routing) You can send either prefader or postfader signals for each track to the main outputs. 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select MAIN OUT Routing, and press . 4. Use to select the track for MAIN OUT 1 or MAIN OUT 2 routing and press . Converting input track stereo signals to mid-side stereo signals for output Select prefader Select postfader Off HINT Press to cycle through the options: Prefader → Postfader → Off. NOTE • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, USB tracks 1–4 can be assigned. • Tracks 1–8 can be set to Prefader or Postfader. • The L/R tracks can only be set to Postfader. • Tracks 1–8, L/R, and USB1–4 cannot be set at the same time. Selecting one type will deselect the other. • When mid-side stereo monitoring is enabled, the pre-fader tracks will be routed automatically to the main outputs, with odd to the left and even to the right. In this case, the routing cannot be changed manually. 5. Press . Tracks routed to MAIN OUT 1 Tracks routed to MAIN OUT 2 Clear all settings Set tracks 1–8 to prefader Switches option: • Change tracks 1–8 to postfader • Change L/R tracks to postfader • Change U1–U4 tracks to postfader Selecting signals sent to the sub outputs (SUB OUT Routing) You send either prefader or postfader signals for each track to the sub outputs. 1. Press . 2. Use to select OUTPUT, and press . 3. Use to select SUB OUT Routing, and press . 4. Use to select the track for SUB OUT 1 or SUB OUT 2 routing and press . Converting input track stereo signals to mid-side stereo signals for output HINT Press to cycle through the options: Prefader → Postfader → Off. NOTE • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, USB tracks 1–4 can be assigned. • Tracks 1–8 can be set to Prefader or Postfader. • The L/R tracks can only be set to Postfader. • Tracks 1–8, L/R, and USB1–4 cannot be set at the same time. Selecting one type will deselect the other. • When mid-side stereo monitoring is enabled, the pre-fader tracks will be routed automatically to the sub outputs, with odd to the left and even to the right. In this case, the routing cannot be changed manually. 5. Press . Select prefader Select postfader Off F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Tracks routed to SUB OUT 1 Tracks routed to SUB OUT 2 Clear all settings Set tracks 1–8 to prefader Switch options: • Change tracks 1–8 to postfader • Change L/R tracks to postfader • Change U1–U4 tracks to postfader 123 124 Timecode overview The can input and output SMPTE timecode. Timecode is time information written to data when recording video and audio. It is used for video editing, control of other devices, and synchronization of audio and video. Using timecode for editing If video and audio data both have recorded timecode, align- Timecode 00:10:00:00 ing them to a timeline and synchronizing them together is easy when using nonlinear editing software. HINT The uses a precision oscillator that generates timecode with a Video file 00:10:00:00 high degree of accuracy (+/- 0.2 ppm, or approximately 0.5 frames per 24 hours). Timecode 00:10:03:00 00:10:03:00 Nonlinear editing software Audio file Inputting Connection examples timecode Connections like the following are possible, depending upon Timecode is transmitted from an external timecode generator. the specific equipment being used with the . Both the and the video camera receive timecode and Synchronizing with a video camera record it with their audio and video data. The The records with mic input and transmits timecode. saves the timecode that it generates with the audio The input timecode can also be used to synchronize the audio clock. data. The timecode received by the video camera is recorded with the video data. Video camera Timecode Audio Timecode Mic Video camera Timecode generator Audio F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Mic 125 126 Setting timecode functions 1. Press . 2. Use to select TIMECODE, and press . 3. Use to select Timecode, and press . Timecode mode Internal timecode Internal user bits External timecode External user bits Jam button Internal timecode frame rate External timecode frame rate Internal timecode restart button ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the mode ...............................................................P.127 Stopping timecode output when recording is stopped .P.128 Synchronizing audio clock with external timecode ........P.129 Automatically enabling internal timecode when no external timecode is input ................................................P.129 Setting the user bits for internal timecode ......................P.130 Setting the frame rate for internal timecode ...................P.131 Jamming internal timecode .............................................P.132 Restarting internal timecode with a specified value ......P.132 Setting the mode The timecode mode settings allow you to specify: • Whether the generates timecode or receives external timecode • Whether or not timecode continues running when not recording 4. Use to select Mode, and press . 5. Use to select Mode, and press . 6. Use to select the mode, and press . Setting value Explanation Off No timecode will be written to the recording file. Timecode will not be output from the TIMECODE OUT jack. Int Free Run Internal timecode will be generated regardless of the recording mode. The internal timecode can be set manually using the following menu items: • MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Jam • MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Restart Timecode will always be output from the TIMECODE OUT jack. Int Record Run Internal timecode will be generated only when recording. The internal timecode can be set manually using the following menu items: • MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Jam • MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Restart When switching from another mode, or when recording stops, the internal timecode will stop at the last value. Int RTC Run Internal timecode will be generated regardless of the recording mode. In the following situations, the internal timecode will be synchronized (jammed) with the RTC (internal clock): • At startup • When Date/Time (RTC) has changed (→ P.19) • When switching to this timecode mode Timecode will always be output from the TIMECODE OUT jack. Ext The internal timecode will chase the external timecode. You can also enable the automatic generation of internal timecode when there is no external timecode. (→ P. 129) F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 127 128 Setting Setting timecode timecode functions functions (continued) (continued) Setting value Explanation Ext Auto Rec The internal timecode will chase the external timecode. You can also enable the automatic generation of internal timecode when there is no external timecode. (→ P.129) Recording starts automatically when external timecode input is detected. Recording stops automatically when external timecode stops. Stopping timecode output when recording is stopped You can set whether or not timecode is output from the TIMECODE OUT jack when recording is stopped. 4. Use to select Mode, and press . 5. Use to select Int Auto Mute, and press . 6. Use to select On, and press . NOTE • Timecode will continue to be output when recording/playback is paused. • This cannot be set when Mode is set to Off, Int Record Run, Ext or Ext Auto Rec. Synchronizing audio clock with external timecode 4. Use to select Mode, and press . 5. Use to select Ext Audio Clock Sync, and press . 6. Use to select On, and press . NOTE • This cannot be set when Mode is set to Off, Int Free Run, Int Record Run or Int RTC Run. • When there is no external timecode, the internal audio clock is enabled to preserve continuity. Automatically enabling internal timecode when no external timecode is input You can enable the automatic generation of internal timecode to preserve continuity when there is no external timecode. 4. Use to select Mode, and press . 5. Use to select Ext Continuous, and press . 6. Use to select On, and press . NOTE • This cannot be set when Mode is set to Off, Int Free Run, Int Record Run or Int RTC Run. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 129 130 Setting timecode functions (continued) Setting the user bits for internal timecode Setting value Explanation User bits are data that you can set to be included in the time- uu uu uu uu You can set these values as you like on the Edit screen. code. Up to 8 numbers (0–9) and letters (A–F) can be included. mm dd yy uu Recording date information, for example, can be useful when editing later. Setting the user bits (Ubits) mode 4. Use to select Ubits, and press . 5. Use to select Mode, and press . 6. Use to select the mode, and press . The month, day and year are entered automatically in that order using the RTC setting. You can set the "uu" value as you like on the Edit screen. dd mm yy uu The, day, month and year are entered automatically in that order using the RTC setting. You can set the "uu" value as you like on the Edit screen. yy mm dd uu The year, month and day are entered automatically in that order using the RTC setting. You can set the "uu" value as you like on the Edit screen. HINT Only "uu" items can be changed. Setting user bits (Ubits) 4. Use to select Ubits, and press . 5. Use to select Edit, and press . 6. Edit the value. ■ Editing operations Move cursor or change value: Turn Select parameter to change: Press HINT User bits can only consist of numbers from 0 to 9 and letters from A to F. 7. When done changing the setting, use to select Enter, and press . Setting the frame rate for internal timecode 4. Use to select FPS, and press . 5. Use to select the frame rate, and press . Setting value Explanation 23.976ND This is the most common frame rate used with HD cameras and other high-definition video recording. The count is 0.1% slower than the actual time. 24ND This is the standard frame rate used for recording film. This is also used with HD cameras. 25ND This is the frame rate for PAL video. This is used for PAL video, which is used in Europe and other regions. 29.97ND This is a frame rate used for NTSC color video and HD cameras. The count is 0.1% slower than the actual time. This is used for NTSC video, which is used in Japan, the United States and other countries. 29.97D This is an adjusted frame rate that uses drop frames to make NTSC match the actual time. This is used with video for broadcast that requires the actual time frame to be matched. 30ND This is used to synchronize sound with film that is being transferred to NTSC video. This is the standard frame rate used for black-and-white television in Japan, the United States and other countries. 30D This rate is used for special applications. This synchronizes with film sound to be transferred to NTSC using 29.97fps drop frame. The count is 0.1% faster than the actual time. NOTE Matching frame rates must be set in advance on all connected video and audio devices. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 131 132 Jamming internal timecode Timecode input through the TIMECODE IN jack is used to set internal timecode. 4. Use to select Jam, and press . Setting timecode functions (continued) Restarting internal timecode with a specified value 4. Use to select Restart, and press . 5. Set the restart value. ■ Editing operations Move cursor or change value: Turn Select parameter to change: Press 6. Use to select Restart, and press . Setting automatic timecode recording delay (Auto Rec Delay Time) If set to record automatically when external timecode is received, unnecessary recording could occur when timecode is received for a brief amount time. In order to prevent this, you can set the amount of time until recording starts after timecode is received. 1. Press . 2. Use to select TIMECODE, and press . 3. Use to select Auto Rec Delay Time, and press . 4. Use to adjust the time, and press . HINT This can be set from 0.0 to 8.0 s. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 133 134 Setting timecode initialization used at startup (Start Timecode) Since internal timecode stops when the is turned off, the timecode is automatically initialized (jammed) during startup. You can set the value that is used for jamming at that time. 1. Press . 2. Use to select TIMECODE, and press . 3. Use to select Start Timecode, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting how timecode is initialized at startup .................P.134 Correcting timecode errors after the power has been turned off .........................................................................P.135 Setting how timecode is initialized at startup 4. Use to select Mode, and press . 5. Use to set how timecode is initialized, and press . Setting value Explanation Restart Time When the starts, the value set by Restart (→ P.132) is used to jam the internal timecode. RTC When the starts, its timecode is restored from the timecode when the power was turned off and advanced by the elapsed time using the Date/Time (RTC) setting (→ P.19). Since RTC is less precise than internal timecode, discrep- ancies will occur. Correcting timecode errors after the power has been turned off When the mode of Start Timecode is set to RTC, turning the power off lowers the timecode precision, but this function can improve the error to the value close to 0.2 ppm when the power has been turned off. 4. Use to select RTC Timecode Calibration, and press . 5. Use to select Recalibrate, and press . 6. Use to select Yes, and press . 7. Calibration completes. 8. To cancel calibration, press , and use to select Yes, and press . NOTE • The is calibrated before being shipped new from the factory. • After calibrating once, the result will be retained. • If the is moved to and used in an extremely hot or cold loca- tion, timecode precision could change slightly when the power is turned off. In such cases, we recommend calibrating it again. • Calibration is not possible when Audio Interface with Rec is set to On. • Calibration is only possible when Start Timecode mode is set to RTC. • Calibration is not possible when an is connected. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 135 S l a t e m i c / s l a t e t o n e 136 When recording with the , you can add audio comments that describe, for example, the scene being filmed or the anticipated cuts. You can also record slate tone signals that can be used to synchronize with video. The has a built-in slate mic for recording comments and the ability to output a variable frequency tone signal. Slate mic and slate tone overview HINT A "slate" is a clapperboard used when recording video. NOTE • The slate mic and slate tone cannot be used at the same time. • The slate mic and slate tone cannot be used during audio file playback. You can use the built-in slate mic to record comments and to keep notes about recorded takes. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SLATE, and press . 3. Use to select Slate Mic, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the volume ............................................................P.137 Setting the routing ............................................................P.138 Recording ...........................................................................P.139 Disabling the slate mic ......................................................P.139 137 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Recording with the slate mic (Slate Mic) Setting the volume 4. Use to select Level, and press . 5. Use to adjust the level, and press . HINT This can be set from 0 to 24 dB. 138 Setting the routing Set the destination for the slate mic signal. 4. Use to select Routing, and press . 5. Use to select the tracks/outputs for slate mic signal routing and press . Recording with the slate mic (Slate Mic) (continued) Clear all settings Set all to postfader Select postfader Off NOTE Routing to tracks 1–8 is not possible when operating the as an audio interface (Stereo Mix). HINT Press to switch between Postfader and Off. 6. Press . Recording 4. Press to start recording. 5. Push left toward the mic symbol and release. 6. To disable the slate mic, push left toward the mic symbol again and release. NOTE • When the slate mic is in use, other signals input to the tracks that it is routed to are muted. • The slate mic signal is always routed to the headphone L/R chan- nels regardless of other routing settings. • The MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 faders do not affect the levels of the slate mic and slate tone. HINT If you push and hold left toward the mic symbol for two or more seconds, the slate mic will be enabled until you release the switch. Disabling the slate mic You can set the slate mic so that it will not be enabled if is accidentally pushed left toward the mic symbol. 4. Use to select On/Off, and press . 5. Use to select Off (Lock), and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder S l a t e m i c / s l a t e t o n e 139 By adding a slate tone when the recording starts, aligning audio to video during editing will be easier. You can also use a slate tone to coordinate levels with connected equipment. 140 1. Press . 2. Use to select SLATE, and press . 3. Use to select Slate Tone, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the volume ............................................................P.140 Setting the frequency ........................................................P.141 Setting the routing ............................................................P.141 Recording ...........................................................................P.142 Disabling the slate tone ....................................................P.143 Recording a slate tone (Slate Tone) Setting the volume 4. Use to select Level, and press . 5. Use to adjust the level, and press . HINT This can be set from -20 to 0 dBFS. Setting the frequency 4. Use to select Frequency, and press . 5. Use to adjust the frequency, and press . HINT This can be set from 100 to 10,000 Hz. Setting the routing Set the destination for the slate tone signal. 4. Use to select Routing, and press . 5. Use to select the tracks/outputs for slate tone signal routing and press . Clear all settings Set all to postfader Select postfader Off NOTE Routing to tracks 1–8 is not possible when operating the as an audio interface (Stereo Mix). F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 141 HINT Press to switch between Postfader and Off. 6. Press . 142 Recording a slate tone (Slate Tone) (continued) Recording 4. Press to start recording. 5. Push right toward the tone symbol and release. NOTE • When the slate tone is in use, other signals input to the tracks that it is routed to are muted. • The slate tone signal is always routed to the headphone L/R chan- nels regardless of other routing settings. • The MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 faders do not affect the levels of the slate mic and slate tone. HINT If you push and hold right toward the tone symbol for one or more seconds, the slate tone will be enabled until you push the switch toward the tone symbol again. Disabling the slate tone You can set the slate tone so that it will not be enabled if is accidentally pushed right toward the tone symbol. 4. Use to select On/Off, and press . 5. Use to select Off (Lock), and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 143 144 Exchanging data with a computer (SD Card Reader) By connecting the to a computer, you can check and copy data on SD cards. Connecting to a computer 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select SD Card Reader, and press . 4. Connect the and computer with a USB cable. NOTE • The following operating systems are supported: Windows: Windows 7 or later Mac OS: Mac OS X (10.8 or later) • The cannot operate on USB bus power. Use the internal bat- teries, the dedicated AC adapter or an external DC power supply to power it. HINT When the is connected to a computer, the SD cards loaded in slots 1 and 2 are recognized as separate SD cards. Disconnecting 1. Disconnect on the computer. Windows: Select from the “Safely Remove Hardware and Eject Media” icon on the bottom of the computer screen. Mac OS: Drag and drop the icon to the Trash. NOTE Always follow correct computer disconnection procedures before removing the USB cable. 2. Disconnect the cable from the computer and the , and press . input signals can be input directly to a computer or an iOS device, and playback signals coming from a computer or an iOS device can be output from the . Connecting to a computer or an iOS device 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select Audio Interface, and press . 4. Use to select the mode and connected device, and press . 145 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Using as an audio interface (Audio Interface) Setting value Explanation Stereo Mix (PC/Mac) This is a 2-in/2-out connection mode for Mac/Windows and sends tracks 1–8 as a stereo mix. Stereo Mix (iPad) This is a 2-in/2-out connection mode for iOS devices and sends tracks 1–8 as a stereo mix. Multi Track (PC/Mac) This is an 8-in/4-out connection mode for Mac/Win- dows and sends tracks 1–8 as separate signals (cannot be used with an iOS device). A driver is necessary for use with Windows. Download the driver from the ZOOM website (www.zoom.co.jp/). 5. Use a USB cable to connect the and the computer or iOS device. U s i n g U S B f u n c t i o n s 146 NOTE • A Lightning to USB Camera Adapter is necessary to connect an iOS device. • The cannot operate on USB bus power. Use the internal bat- teries, the dedicated AC adapter or an external DC power supply to power it. • When the is used as an audio interface and the sampling rate is set to 44.1/48 kHz, latency increases 2 ms. When latency increases while monitoring sounds being recorded with a mic in real-time, interference occurs between sound transmitted through the air from the source and the delayed monitored sound, possibly making accurate monitoring of the sounds difficult. Using as an audio interface (Audio Interface) (continued) Disconnecting 1. Press . 2. Use to select Exit, and press . 3. Use to select Yes, and press . 4. Disconnect the cable from the computer or iOS device and the . Using SD card recording and audio interface functions at the same time (Audio Interface with Rec) In addition to the two SD cards, a computer can also be used for recording backup. Connecting 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select Audio Interface with Rec, and press . 4. Use to select On, and press . 5. Use a USB cable to connect the and the computer. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 147 148 Using SD card recording and audio interface functions at the same time (Audio Interface with Rec) (continued) NOTE Disconnecting • The cannot operate on USB bus power. Use the internal batteries, the dedicated AC adapter or an external DC power 1. Press . supply to power it. • Audio Interface with Rec cannot be used with the following settings and functions. 2. Use to select Off, and - Sampling rate settings other than 44.1/48 kHz - SD Card Reader (→ P.144) press . - Audio Interface (→ P.145) - (→ P.152) • A driver is necessary for use with Windows. Download the driver from the ZOOM website (www.zoom.co.jp/). • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, the sampling rate 3. Disconnect the cable from the computer and the cannot be changed. . • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, files with sampling rates that differ from the setting cannot be played. • Set the input source to USB1–4 (→ P. 80) or set USB1–4 to the output routing (→ P109, 122, 123) to monitor sound played back from the computer. (→ P. 80) • When Audio Interface with Rec is set to On, the latency will increase 2 ms. When monitoring sounds being recorded with a mic in real-time, increased latency can cause interference between sound transmitted through the air from the source and the delayed monitored sound, possibly making accurate monitoring of the sounds difficult. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Audio interface block diagrams Stereo Mix Input 1 Input 2 Input 7 PC I n p u t L i m i t e r P h a s e I n v e r t M S S t e r e o I n p u t D e l a y T r 1 - 8 F a d e r T r L / R F a d e r S l a t e M i c / T o n e (Input) : : L L o o p B a c k R Input 8 Output Postfader PC T r i m H P F P a n M i x e r Prefader R o u t i n g O : F a d e r : u t p u t L i m i t e r O u t p u t O n / O f f , L e v e l (Output) Channel 1 Channel 2 A l e r t T o n e S l a t e M i c / T o n e MAIN OUT 1/2 jacks SUB OUT 1/2 jack L e v e l HEADPHONE jack 149 Multi Track 150 Input 1 Input 2 Input 7 Input 8 Output Postfader MAIN OUT 1/2 jacks Prefader SUB OUT 1/2 jack HEADPHONE jack Audio interface block diagrams (continued) : : PC (Input) T r i m PC (Output) H P F I n p u t L i m i t e r P h a s e I n v e r t M S S t e r e o I n p u t D e l a y S l a t e M i c / T o n e T r 1 - 8 F a d e r P a n M i x e r T r L / R F a d e r L R O : R o u t i n g F a d e r u t p u t L i m i t e r O u t p u t O n / O f f , L e v e l : A l e r t T o n e : S l a t e M i c / T o n e Channel 1 Channel 4 L e v e l The following settings can be made when using the as an audio interface. See the relevant pages for details about operation. Setting loop back (Stereo Mix only) This function allows the playback sound from the computer or iOS device and the inputs to be mixed and sent back to the computer or iOS device (loop back). You can use this function to add narration to music played back from the computer and record the mix or stream it from the computer, for example. 1. Press . 2. Use to select LOOP BACK, and press . 3. Use to select On, and press . 151 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Audio interface settings Mixing inputs You can adjust the mix balance of input signals sent to the computer or iOS device. When using Multitrack mode, the individual inputs will be sent. When using Stereo Mix mode, the mixed stereo signal will be sent. 1. Open the mixer on the Home Screen. (→ P.11) 2. Adjust the parameter settings. See "Adjusting the input signal monitoring balance" (→ P.75) for how to change settings. 152 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select FRC-8, and press . 4. Use to select Connect, and press . Using an as a controller (Connect) By connecting an to the , you can use it to adjust trim, fader and pan settings, for example. 5. Use a USB cable to connect the and the . 6. Turn the power ON. NOTE When disconnecting the , select "Disconnect" before unplugging the USB cable. Setting the type of keyboard connected to the (Keyboard Type) You can connect a PC keyboard to the and use it to input characters. Set the type of PC keyboard connected to the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select FRC-8, and press . 4. Use to select Keyboard Type and press . 5. Use to select the type, and press . Setting value Explanation US Use for English-language keyboards. JP Use for Japanese keyboards. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 153 154 Setting fader and knob operation (Knob/Fader Mode) How the faders and TRIM/PAN knobs operate when their positions differ from actual parameter values can be set. 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select FRC-8, and press . 4. Use to select Knob/Fader Mode, and press . 5. Use to select the fader and knob operation, and press . Setting value Explanation Absolute When a knob or fader is operated, the parameter value will change to the value shown by that knob or fader. Safety When a knob or fader is operated, the parameter value will not change until the knob or fader first matches that value. NOTE The headphone volume operation cannot be changed. Setting user keys for the (User Key) You can assign functions to the user keys. 1. Press . 5. Use to select the key to 2. Use to select USB, which to assign a function, and press . and press . 6. Use to select the 3. Use to select FRC-8, function to assign, and press . and press . Setting value Explanation None No function is assigned. Slate Mic Enable and disable the slate mic. 4. Use to select User Key, Slate Tone Generate and stop slate tones. Mark Add marks to WAV format takes during recording and playback. and press . Set Trim Link Open the MENU > INPUT > Trim Link screen. Hold Use to disable the keys set with "Key Hold Target". Clear Clip Indicator Clear the level meter clipping indicators. Circled Circle the currently selected take. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 155 156 Setting the power supply used by the (Power Source) Set the DC power supply shutdown voltage, nominal voltage and type of batteries so that the remaining power supply charge can be shown accurately. On this menu page, you can check the voltage of each power supply and the remaining battery capacity. 1. Press . 4. Use to select Power 2. Use to select USB, Source, and press . and press . Power settings for the are the same as for the . See "Setting the power supply used" (→ P.22). NOTE When multiple power supplies are connected, they will be used in 3. Use to select FRC-8, the following order of priority. 1. DC power supply (Ext DC) and press . 2. USB bus power (supplied by ) 3. AA batteries (Int AA) The voltages of each power supply are shown on the display. Powering the with USB bus power (USB Bus Power) The can supply USB bus power to the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select FRC-8, and press . 4. Use to select USB Bus Power, and press . 5. Use to select Supply to FRC-8, and press . HINT When the is supplying bus power, do not connect any device other than an to the USB port. Doing so could damage the and the connected device. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 157 158 Setting the LED brightness (LED Brightness) You can adjust the brightness of the LEDs on the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select USB, and press . 3. Use to select FRC-8, and press . 4. Use to select LED Brightness, and press . 5. Use to adjust the brightness, and press . HINT This can be set from 5 to 100. 1. See "Using an as a controller" (→P.152), and connect the and the . NOTE Updating is not possible if the remaining battery or DC power sup- ply charge is low. In this case, replace the batteries with new ones or use a charged DC power supply. 2. Copy the update file to the root directory on an SD card. 3. Load the SD card into the SD CARD 1 slot. NOTE If an SD card is loaded in the SD CARD 2 slot, eject it. 4. Press . Updating the firmware You can check the firmware version and update it to the latest version. The latest update file can be downloaded from the ZOOM website (www.zoom.co.jp). 5. Use to select USB, and press . 6. Use to select FRC-8, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Checking the firmware version . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.160 Updating the firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.160 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 159 160 Updating the firmware (continued) Checking the firmware version Updating the firmware 7. Use to select Firmware 7. Use to select Update Version, and press . Firmware, and press . 8. Use to select Yes, and press . NOTE Do not turn the power off, remove an SD card or disconnect the USB cable during an update. Doing so could cause the to become unstartable. 9. After the update completes, turn the power off. You can change the size of the timecode display on the Home Screen. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Home Timecode Display Size, and press . 161 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Setting how timecode is shown (Home Timecode Display Size) 4. Use to select the size, and press . Setting value Explanation Small The timecode is small and the time counter is large. Big The timecode is large and the time counter is small. You can set how the level meters appear on the display. 162 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Level Meter, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.162 Setting the peak hold time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.163 Setting the level meter resolution . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.164 Setting which track level meters are shown on the Home Screen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.164 Showing track names on level meters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.165 Setting the level meter reference. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.165 Setting level meter appearance (Level Meter) Setting the type You can set whether the level meters use VU or Peak style. 4. Use to select Type, and press . 5. Use to select the type, and press . Setting value Explanation Peak Only The actual peak level of the signal (dBFS) is shown. Peak + VU Both VU and peak level are shown simultaneously. In this mode, the bars function as a VU meter except for the right- most bar, which shows the peak level. VU Only This display style is close to human hearing. Setting the peak hold time 4. Use to select Peak Hold Time, and press . 5. Use to adjust the peak hold time, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 163 164 Setting the level meter resolution 4. Use to select Resolution, and press . 5. Use to select the resolution, and press . Setting value Explanation Segment (Shown when set to VU Only) Solid Setting level meter appearance (Level Meter) (continued) (Shown when set to VU Only) Setting which track level meters are shown on the Home Screen You can change which tracks are shown on the Home Screen. 4. Use to select Level Meter View, then View1 – View4, and press . 5. Use to select tracks to show, and press . HINT Multiple tracks can be shown. Not showing any tracks is also pos- sible. If none of the check boxes are checked, no track level meters will appear on the Home Screen. 6. Press . Showing track names on level meters 4. Use to select Track Name View, and press . 5. Use to select On, and press . Setting value Explanation Off The track names are not shown on the level meters. On The track names set with the "Track Name" setting (→ P. 48) are shown on the level meters. Setting the level meter reference 4. Use to select Reference Level, and press . 5. Use to select the reference level setting, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 165 166 Setting level meter appearance (Level Meter) (continued) Setting value Explanation When level meter type is Peak Only When level meter type is Peak + VU or VU Only Normal Level The center of the level meter is -12 dBFS. Clear monitoring of levels higher than -12 dBFS is possible. The center of the level meter is 0 VU (-20 dBFS). Clear mon- itoring of levels higher than 0 VU (-20 dBFS) is possible. Low Level The center of the level meter is -20 dBFS. Clear monitoring of levels lower than -20 dBFS is possible. The center of the level meter is -10 VU (-30 dBFS). Clear moni- toring of levels lower than -10 VU (-30 dBFS) is possible. Setting the LED brightness (LED Brightness) You can adjust the brightness of the LED level meters on the front of the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select LED Brightness, and press . 4. Use to adjust the brightness, and press . HINT This can be set from 5 to 100. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 167 You can make settings related to the display. 168 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select LCD, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting the display brightness ..........................................P.168 Changing the display backlight setting ............................P.169 Making the display easier to read under bright light .....P.169 Making display settings (LCD) Setting the display brightness 4. Use to select Brightness, and press . 5. Use to adjust the brightness, and press . HINT This can be set from 5 to 100. Changing the display backlight setting You can set the display backlight to dim after 30 seconds without use. 4. Use to select Power Saving, and press . 5. Use to select the setting, and press . Setting value Explanation Off The backlight brightness does not change even after time passes without use. On (Low-Backlight) The backlight dims after time without use. On (Backlight-Off) The backlight turns off after time without use. Making the display easier to read under bright light The display can be set to be easier to read in bright environ- ments including in sunlight. 4. Use to select Outdoor Mode, and press . 5. Use to select On, and press . F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 169 You can set how marks are added when is pressed while recording or playing back a WAV format file. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select PLAY Key Option, and press . ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Setting how marks are added when recording ...............P.170 Setting how marks are added when playing ..................P.171 170 Adding marks when pausing (PLAY Key Option) Setting how marks are added when recording 4. Use to select Recording, and press . 5. Use to select how marks are added, and press . Setting value Explanation Pause Only Pressing will pause without adding a mark. Pause & Mark Pressing will pause and add a mark. Mark Only Pressing will add a mark without pausing. Setting how marks are added when playing 4. Use to select Playing, and press . 5. Use to select how marks are added, and press . Setting value Explanation Pause Only Pressing will pause without adding a mark. Pause & Mark Pressing will pause and add a mark. Mark Only Pressing will add a mark without pausing. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 171 172 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Key Hold Target, and press . Setting the keys held (Key Hold Target) Use the hold function to prevent misoperation during recording. Press + to turn it on/off. Follow these instructions to set which keys are disabled by the hold function. 4. Use to select the keys held, and press . HINT You can select Track 1-8, PFL 1-8, Trim Knob 1–8, Slate Mic, Slate Tone, Encoder, MENU, HP Volume, REW, STOP, FF, PLAY and REC. 5. Press . HINT • Even when hold is on for "STOP" and "Track1-8", you can press + to turn the hold function off. • Operation using the and F8 Control is possible even when the hold function is on. Checking SD card information (Information) You can check the size and free space of SD cards. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SD CARD, and press . 3. Use to select Information, and press . Free space Volume label Size Remaining recordable time F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 173 174 You can test whether an SD card can be used with the . The Quick Test is basic, and the Full Test checks the entire SD card. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SD CARD, and press . 3. Use to select Performance Test, and press . 4. Use to select the SD card to test, and press . Testing SD card performance (Performance Test) ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Conducting a quick test .....................................................P.174 Conducting a full test ........................................................P.175 Conducting a quick test 5. Use to select Quick Test, and press . 6. Use to select Yes, and press . The card performance test will start. The test should take about 30 seconds. 7. The test completes. The result of the evaluation will be shown. 8. Press to stop the test. NOTE Even if a performance test result is "OK", there is no guarantee that writing errors will not occur. This information is just to provide guidance. Conducting a full test 5. Use to select Full Test, and press . The amount of time required for the full test will be shown. 6. Use to select Yes, and press . 7. The test completes. The result of the evaluation will be shown. If the access rate MAX reaches 100%, the card will fail (NG). F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 175 O t h e r f u n c t i o n s 176 8. Press to stop the test. NOTE • You can press to pause and resume the test. • Even if a performance test result is "OK", there is no guar- antee that writing errors will not occur. This information is just to provide guidance. Testing SD card performance (Performance Test) (continued) SD cards must be formatted for use with the . 1. Press . 2. Use to select SD CARD, and press . 3. Use to select Format, and press . 4. Use to select the card to initialize, and press . 177 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Formatting SD cards (Format) 5. Use to select Yes, and press . NOTE • Before using SD cards that have just been purchased or that have been formatted by a computer, they must be formatted by the . • Be aware that all data previously saved on an SD card will be deleted when it is formatted. 178 Checking the Shortcut List The has a shortcut feature that allows quick access to various functions. See the “List of shortcuts” (→ P. 191) for information about the shortcut functions. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Shortcut List, and press . settings can be backed up to and loaded from SD cards. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Backup/Load Settings, and press . 4. Use to select the SD card to use for backup/ loading, and press . Backing up and loading settings (Backup/Load Settings) ▶ Continue to one of the following procedures. Backing up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.179 Loading. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . P.180 Backing up This saves a backup file to the "F8n_SETTINGS" folder in the root directory of the SD card. 5. Use to select Backup and press . 6. Edit the name of the file saved. See "Character input screen" (→ P.13) for how to input characters. HINT The extension of the saved backup file is ".ZSF". F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 179 180 Backing Backing up up and and loading loading settings settings (Backup/Load (Backup/Load Settings) Settings) (continued) (continued) Loading You can load a backup file that is saved in the "F8n_SET- 7. Use to select Yes, TINGS" folder in the root directory of the SD card. 5. Use to select Load/ and press . Delete, and press . 6. Use to select the file to load, and press . HINT You can press and hold to delete a file. Deleting a file will completely erase its data. You can restore the factory default settings. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Factory Reset, and press . 181 F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Restoring default setting values (Factory Reset) 4. Use to select Yes, and press . The settings will be reset and the power will automatically turn off. NOTE Input volume knob settings will not be reset. 182 Checking the firmware version (Firmware Version) You can check the firmware version. 1. Press . 2. Use to select SYSTEM, and press . 3. Use to select Firmware Version, and press . ▼ Updating the firmware The firmware can be updated to the latest versions. The latest update file can be downloaded from the ZOOM website (www.zoom.co.jp). 1. Install new batteries in the or connect the dedicated AC adapter to the DC IN connector. NOTE Upgrading is not possible if the remaining battery power is low. In this case, replace the batteries with new ones or use the adapter. 2. Copy the update file to the root directory on an SD card. 3. Load the SD card into the SD CARD 1 slot, and turn the power on while pressing . NOTE If an SD card is loaded in the SD CARD 2 slot, eject it first. 4. Use to select Yes, and press . NOTE Do not turn the power off or remove the SD card during the update. Doing so could cause the to become unstartable. 5. After the update completes, turn the power off. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 183 If you think that the is operating incorrectly, check the following items first. 184 Recording/playback trouble ◆ There is no sound or output is very quiet · Check the connections to your monitoring system and its volume setting. · Confirm that the volume of the is not too low. (→ P.75) ◆ No sound from connected equipment or inputs or it is very quiet · If you are using a mic capsule, confirm that it is oriented correctly. · Check the input level settings. (→ P.28) · If a CD player or other device is connected to an input jack, raise the output level of that device. · Check the input signal monitoring settings. (→ P.75) · Check the phantom power and plug-in power settings. (→ P.90, P.93) · Check the headphone, MAIN OUT 1/2 and SUB OUT 1/2 routing settings. (→ P.108, P.122-123) ◆ Recording is not possible · Confirm that track keys are lit red. · Confirm that the SD card has free space. (→ P.173) · Confirm that an SD card is loaded properly in a card slot. · If “Card Protected!” appears on the display, the SD card write- protection is enabled. Slide the lock switch on the SD card to disable write-protection. Troubleshooting ◆ The recorded sound cannot be heard or is very quiet · Confirm that the volume levels of the tracks are not too low. (→ P.52) · Confirm that track keys are lit green during playback. Other trouble ◆ Computer does not recognize the even though it is connected to the USB port · Confirm that the operating system is compatible. (→ P.144) · The operation mode must be set on the to allow the computer to recognize the . (→ P.145) ◆ Battery operation time is short Making the following settings increase the battery operation time. · Set the power supply used correctly. (→ P.22) · Turn unnecessary tracks off. (→ P.27) · Turn unnecessary outputs off. (→ P.114) · Set the phantom power voltage to 24V. (→ P.91) · Disable phantom power during playback. (→ P.92) · Turn timecode off if not using it. (→ P.127) · Reduce the LED brightness.(→ P.167) · Reduce the display brightness. (→ P.168) · Set the display to dim when not used for some time. (→ P.169) · Reduce the sampling rate used to record files. (→ P.30) · Due to their characteristics, using nickel metal hydride batteries (especially high-capacity ones) or lithium batteries should enable longer use than alkaline batteries. Detailed product diagrams Slate Mic, Tone Trim U S B 4 A/D Trim HPF Limiter M S S t e r e o A/D HPF Limiter MAIN 1/2 Level Meter Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4 Track 5 Track 6 Trim A/D HPF Limiter M S INPUT Input Source U S B 1 Track 7 Track 8 Trim S t e r e o Track L Track R A/D HPF Limiter Trim A/D Trim Input 1-8 Input 1 Delay Input 2 Delay Input 3 Delay Input 4 Delay Input 5 HPF Limiter M S S t e r e o Delay M1 Input 6 A/D HPF Limiter Delay M2 Trim Input 7 A/D HPF Limiter M S Delay Trim S t e r e o Input 8 A/D HPF Limiter Delay Rec Track Mute R o u t i n g ( M1 P . 1 8 6 ) Level Meter MAIN 1/2 Fader Output On/Off, Level SUB 1/2 Fader S1 S2 Dual M2 Channel Rec S1 Rec/Play S2 D/A Alert Tone Tr1-8 Tr1-8 Level Fader Meter A/D Slate Tone Level 185 Limiter Limiter Limiter Limiter Delay Delay Delay Delay D/A D/A D/A D/A D/A PLAYER Track 1 Track 2 Track 3 Track 4 Track 5 Track 6 Track 7 Track 8 Track L Track R PC USB 1 USB 2 USB 3 USB 4 SLATE Mic Tone Slate Mic Level F8n Multi Track Field Recorder Level Meter Input SW Play Tr Mute RECORDER MIXER L, R OUTPUT Prefader Postfader Mic Tone SUB1/2 Level Meter Headphone Level Alert Tone Level L/R L/R Level Fader Meter Tr1-8 Pan Track L Track R MAIN OUT 1 MAIN OUT 2 SUB OUT 1/2 HEAD PHONE L/R "VEJPOUFSGBDF "VEJPOUFSGBDF XJUI3FD XJUI3FD "VEJPOUFSGBDF XJUI3FD 186 Routing Prefader Postfader L/R : : Troubleshooting (continued) Headphone MAIN OUT Routing SUB OUT Routing Prefader Routing Track 1 Track 1 MS : Track 8 Prefader Track 1 : : : Track 8 Track 2 : MS Stereo : Track 8 Postfader Postfader Track 1 Track 1 Track 1 : : Track 8 : : : : L/R Track 8 Track 8 L R MAIN OUT MAIN OUT 1 L L MAIN OUT 2 R R SUB OUT SUB OUT 1 SUB OUT 2 USB 1 USB 1 : : : : USB 1 USB 4 USB 4 : : MAIN 1 SUB 1 USB 4 MAIN 2 SUB 2 Prefader PFL Track 1 Track 1 : : Track 8 Track 8 SOLO Track 1 : Track 8 Tr1-8 Tr1-8 Fader Pan HP L HP R Metadata contained in BEXT chunks in WAV files Tag Explanation Remarks SPEED= Frame rate MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > FPS TAKE= Take number UBITS= User bits MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Ubits SCENE= Scene name MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Scene Name Mode MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > User Scene Name MENU > FINDER > Option >Meta Data Edit > Scene MENU > FINDER > Option > Rename TAPE= Name of recording destination folder MENU > FINDER (Recording destination folder name) MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Folder (Tape) Name CIRCLED= Circled take MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Circle TRL= Left track name TRR= Right track name TR1= Track 1 name TR2= Track 2 name Track names are written as follows. TR3= Track 3 name TRL = left track, TRR = right track TR4= Track 4 name TR1 = track 1, TR2 = track 2...TR8 = track 8 TR5= Track 5 name During dual channel recording, tracks 1–4 are written to tracks 5–8. TR6= Track 6 name TR7= Track 7 name TR8= Track 8 name NOTE= Take note MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Note MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Note Metadata list F8n Multi Track Field Recorder M e t a d a t a l i s t 187 Metadata contained in iXML chunks in WAV files iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks ○ ○ MENU > FINDER (SD card root folder) MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Project Name ○ ○ MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Scene Name Mode MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > User Scene Name MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Scene MENU > FINDER > Option > Rename ○ ○ MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Take MENU > FINDER > Option > Rename ○ ○ MENU > FINDER (recording destination folder name) MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Folder (Tape) Name ○ ○ MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Circle × × × × × × ○ × ○ × MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > Ubits ○ ○ MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Note MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Note × × × × 188 Metadata list (continued) F8n Multi Track Field Recorder iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks ○ × ○ ○ MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > FPS ○ × MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > FPS ○ × MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > FPS ○ × MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode > FPS ○ × MENU > REC > Sample Rate ○ × MENU > REC > WAV Bit Depth ○ × MENU > REC > Sample Rate ○ × ○ × ○ × MENU > REC > Sample Rate iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks × × × × × × × × × × × × iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks ○ × × × × × 189 M e t a d a t a l i s t 190 iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks ○ × ○ × × × × × × × ○ × iXML master tag iXML sub tag Written Read Remarks ○ × ○ × ○ × ○ ○ MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Track Name MENU > FINDER > Option > Meta Data Edit > Track Name × × ○ = YES × = NO Metadata and ID3 fields contained in MP3 files Metadata ID3 field Format Timecode Artist Name TC=[HH:MM:SS:FF] Scene name, take number Track Title SC=[scene name] TK=[take number] Frame rate, file length (time) Album Title FR=[frame rate] D=[file length (time)] Metadata list (continued) Home Screen Shortcut Explanation Press and hold Show the name that will be given to the next take recorded. Example: Scene001-T002 + Advance the scene number by 1 (when the Home Screen is open). Press and hold Move the previously recorded take to the FALSE TAKE folder (when the Home Screen is open). Press and hold The number given to the next recorded take can be increased or decreased by one when the Home Screen is open. + Open the MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > User Scene Name screen. + Open the MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Track Name screen. During recording, the key does not need to be used. + Open the MENU > INPUT > Trim Link screen. During recording, the key does not need to be used. + Open the MENU > META DATA (for Next Take) > Note screen. During recording, the key does not need to be used. + Clear the level meter clipping indicators. During recording, the key does not need to be used. + Open the L/R track fader settings screen. During recording, the key does not need to be used. List of shortcuts Shortcut Explanation + Open the MENU > OUTPUT > Headphone > Headphone Routing screen. During recording, the key does not need to be used. + Use to disable the keys set with "Key Hold Target". During recording, the key does not need to be used. + (Track 1) Circle the currently selected take. + (Track 2) Open MENU > TIMECODE > Timecode screen. F8n Multi Track Field Recorder 191 192 List of shortcuts (continued) Mixer Screen Shortcut Explanation Press and hold Reset the selected pan/fader to the default value (when the Home Screen mixer is open). If already set to its default value, selecting a fader mutes the track. Character input screen Shortcut Explanation Press and turn Move the cursor vertically on a character input screen keyboard. + Delete a character on the character input screen. + Move the cursor to "Enter" on the character input screen keyboard. Routing screen Shortcut Explanation Press and turn Move the cursor vertically Recording media Dual SD card slots support 16MB–2GB SD cards, 4GB–32GB SDHC cards and 64GB–512GB SDXC cards I INPUT 1–8 Connectors XLR/TRS combo jacks (XLR: 2 hot, TRS: TIP hot) Input source set to Mic (→P.80) Input gain +10 – +75 dB Input impedance 2 kΩ Maximum input level +14 dBu (at 0 dBFS, limiter ON) Phantom power +24/+48V 10mA maximum for each channel Input source set to Line Input gain -10 – +55 dB s t u p n Equivalent noise Input impedance 2.6 kΩ Maximum input level +24 dBu (at 0 dBFS, limiter ON) input −127 dBu or less (A-weighted, +75dB input gain, 150Ω input) Frequency characteristics 10 Hz – 80 kHz +0.5dB/−1dB (192kHz sampling rate) A/D dynamic range 120 dB typ (−60dBFS input, A-weighted) Crosstalk −90 dB or less (between adjacent channels, 1kHz) MIC IN ZOOM mic capsule input (use disables Inputs 1/2) SLATE MIC Built-in mic for voice memos can be assigned to tracks freely O Connectors TA3 connectors, balanced output (2: hot) MAIN OUT 1/2 Output impedance Reference output level 150 Ω or less −10 dBV (normal output level), +4 dBu (Output Level: Line), 1 kHz, 600Ω load Maximum output level +10 dBV (normal output level), +24 dBu (Output Level: Line), 1 kHz, 600Ω load s t u p t u SUB OUT 1/2 Connector 3.5mm stereo mini unbalanced output jack Output impedance 100 Ω or less Reference output level −10 dBV (normal output level), −40 dBV (mic output level), 1 kHz, 10kΩ load Maximum output level +10 dBV (normal output level), -20 dBV (mic output level), 1 kHz, 10kΩ load HEADPHONE Connector 1/4" unbalanced stereo output jack Output impedance 15 Ω or less Maximum output level 100mW + 100mW (32Ω load) D/A dynamic range 106 dB typ (−60dBFS input, A-weighted) Specifications F8n Multi Track Field Recorder S p e c i fi c a t i o n s 193 S p e c i fi c a t i o n s 194 When WAV selected Supported formats 44.1/47.952/48/48.048/88.2/96/192kHz, 16/24-bit, mono/stereo//2-10ch poly, BWF and iXML Maximum simultaneous recording tracks 10 (8 inputs + stereo mix) 8 (at 192kHz sampling rate) When MP3 selected Supported formats 128/192/320kbps, 44.1/48kHz, ID3v1 tags Maximum simultaneous recording tracks 2 Recording time Using a 32GB card 30:51:00 (48kHz/24-bit stereo WAV) 7:42:00 (192kHz/24-bit stereo WAV) Timecode Connector BNC Modes Off, Int Free Run, Int Record Run, Int RTC Run, Ext, Ext Auto Rec (audio clock can be synchronized to timecode) Frame rates 23.976ND, 24ND, 25ND, 29.97ND, 29.97D, 30ND, 30D Precision ±0.2 ppm Supported input levels 0.2 – 5.0 Vpp Input impedance 4.6 kΩ Output level 3.3 Vpp Output impedance 50 Ω or less Power supplies Recording formats Batteries: 8 AA AC adapter: AD-19 DC12V 2A (center plus) External DC power supply: HIROSE HR10A-7R-4S 4-pin connector (1 pin: −, 4 pin: +), 9–18V Specifications (continued) When recording 2 channels at 48kHz/16-bit to SD1 with MAIN/SUB OUT OFF, TIME CODE OFF, LED/LCD Brightness 5, 32Ω head- phones, PHANTOM OFF Alkaline batteries 6 hours or more NiMH (2450mAh) 8.5 hours or more Lithium batteries 12.0 hours or more When recording 8 channels at 48kHz/24-bit to SD1 with MAIN/SUB OUT OFF, TIME CODE OFF, LED/LCD Brightness 5, 32Ω head- phones, PHANTOM OFF Continuous recording time Alkaline batteries 3.5 hours or more NiMH (2450mAh) 6.0 hours or more Lithium batteries 8.0 hours or more When recording 8 channels at 192kHz/24-bit to SD1 with MAIN/SUB OUT ON, TIME CODE Int Free Run, LED/LCD Brightness 60, 32Ω headphones, PHANTOM 48V Alkaline batteries 1 hour or more NiMH (2450mAh) 2.0 hours or more Lithium batteries 3.0 hours or more Display 2.4" full-color LCD (320x240) USB Mass storage operation Class USB 2.0 High Speed Multi Track audio interface operation (driver required for Windows, not required for Mac) Class USB 2.0 High Speed Specifications 44.1/48/88.2/96kHz sampling rate, 16/24-bit bit rate, 8 in/4 out Stereo Mix audio interface operation (no driver required) Class USB 2.0 Full Speed Specifications 44.1/48kHz sampling rate, 16-bit bit rate, 2 in/2 out Audio Interface with Rec (driver required for Windows, not required for Mac) Class USB 2.0 High Speed Specifications 44.1/48 kHz sampling rate, 16/24-bit bit rate, 10 in/4 out Note: iOS device audio interface operation supported (stereo mode only) Power consumption 15 W External dimensions Main unit: 7.0 in. (W) × 5.5 in. (D) × 2.1 in. (H) 178.2 mm (W) × 140.3 mm (D) × 54.3 mm (H) Weight (main unit only) 2.2 pounds (1000 g) F8n Multi Track Field Recorder S p e c i fi c a t i o n s 195 For For U.S.A. U.S.A. and CANADA FCC regulation warning This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules and Industry Canada license- This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency exempt RSS standard(s). Operation is subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation. energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following This equipment complies with FCC/IC radiation exposure limits set forth for an uncontrolled environment and meets the FCC radio frequency (RF) Exposure Guidelines and RSS-102 of the IC radio frequency (RF) Exposure rules. This equipment has very low levels of RF energy that are deemed to comply without testing of specific absorption ratio (SAR). measures: • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. For CANADA • Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver. • Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected. Declaration of Conformity Le présent appareil est conforme aux CNR d’Industrie Canada applicables aux appareils radio exempts de licence. L’exploitation est autorisée aux deux conditions suivantes : (1) l’appareil ne doit pas produire de brouillage, et (2) • Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help. l’utilisateur de l’appareil doit accepter tout brouillage radioélectrique subi, FCC CAUTION même si le brouillage est susceptible d’en compromettre le fonctionnement. Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for Cet équipement est conforme aux limites d’exposition aux rayonnements compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment. énoncées pour un environnement non contrôlé et respecte les règles This transmitter must not be co-located or operated in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. d’exposition aux fréquences radioélectriques (RF) CNR-102 de l’IC. Cet équipement émet une énergie RF très faible qui est considérée conforme sans évaluation du débit d’absorption spécifique (DAS). For EU Countries Label is located at the bottom of the unit. ZOOM CORPORATION 4-4-3 Kanda-surugadai, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0062 Japan http://www.zoom.co.jp Z2I-3266-02