ZYXEL VMG8324-B30A (01) PDF MANUAL

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PDF OCR Transcript: VMG8324-B10A and VMG8324- B30A Series Wireless N VDSL2 VoIP Combo WAN Gigabit IAD Version 1.00 Edition 1, 5/2013 Quick Start Guide User’s Guide Default Login Details LAN IP Address http://192.168.1.1 Login admin Password www.zyxel.com 1234 Copyright © 2013 ZyXEL Communications Corporation IMPORTANT! READ CAREFULLY BEFORE USE. KEEP THIS GUIDE FOR FUTURE REFERENCE. Screenshots and graphics in this book may differ slightly from your product due to differences in your product firmware or your computer operating system. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information in this manual is accurate. Related Documentation • Quick Start Guide The Quick Start Guide shows how to connect the Device and get up and running right away. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 2 Contents Overview Contents Overview User’s Guide .......................................................................................................................................15 Introducing the Device ............................................................................................................................17 The Web Configurator .............................................................................................................................25 Quick Start ...............................................................................................................................................33 Technical Reference ..........................................................................................................................35 Network Map and Status Screens ...........................................................................................................37 Broadband ...............................................................................................................................................43 Wireless ..................................................................................................................................................71 Home Networking ..................................................................................................................................107 Routing ..................................................................................................................................................131 Quality of Service (QoS) .......................................................................................................................139 Network Address Translation (NAT) ......................................................................................................157 Dynamic DNS Setup .............................................................................................................................175 Interface Group .....................................................................................................................................179 USB Service ..........................................................................................................................................185 Power Management ..............................................................................................................................193 Firewall ..................................................................................................................................................197 MAC Filter .............................................................................................................................................205 Parental Control ....................................................................................................................................207 Scheduler Rule ...................................................................................................................................... 211 Certificates ............................................................................................................................................213 VPN .......................................................................................................................................................221 Voice .....................................................................................................................................................235 Log .......................................................................................................................................................267 Traffic Status ........................................................................................................................................271 VoIP Status ...........................................................................................................................................275 ARP Table .............................................................................................................................................277 Routing Table ........................................................................................................................................279 IGMP/MLD Status ................................................................................................................................281 xDSL Statistics ......................................................................................................................................283 3G Statistics .........................................................................................................................................287 User Account .........................................................................................................................................289 Remote Management ............................................................................................................................291 TR-069 Client ........................................................................................................................................295 TR-064 ..................................................................................................................................................297 SNMP ....................................................................................................................................................299 Time Settings ........................................................................................................................................301 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 3 Contents Overview 4 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide E-mail Notification .................................................................................................................................305 Logs Setting .........................................................................................................................................307 Firmware Upgrade ................................................................................................................................311 Configuration .........................................................................................................................................313 Diagnostic .............................................................................................................................................316 Troubleshooting ....................................................................................................................................321 Table of Contents Table of Contents Contents Overview ..............................................................................................................................3 Table of Contents .................................................................................................................................5 Part I: User’s Guide ......................................................................................... 15 Chapter 1 Introducing the Device .......................................................................................................................17 1.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................17 1.2 Ways to Manage the Device .............................................................................................................17 1.3 Good Habits for Managing the Device ..............................................................................................17 1.4 Applications for the Device ...............................................................................................................18 1.4.1 Internet Access ........................................................................................................................18 1.4.2 Device’s USB Support .............................................................................................................19 1.5 LEDs (Lights) ....................................................................................................................................20 1.6 The RESET Button ............................................................................................................................22 1.7 Wireless Access ................................................................................................................................22 1.7.1 Using the Wi-Fi and WPS Buttons ...........................................................................................22 1.8 Wall-mounting Instructions ................................................................................................................23 Chapter 2 The Web Configurator ........................................................................................................................25 2.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................25 2.1.1 Accessing the Web Configurator .............................................................................................25 2.2 Web Configurator Layout ..................................................................................................................27 2.2.1 Title Bar ...................................................................................................................................27 2.2.2 Main Window ...........................................................................................................................28 2.2.3 Navigation Panel .....................................................................................................................29 Chapter 3 Quick Start...........................................................................................................................................33 3.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................33 3.2 Quick Start Setup ..............................................................................................................................33 Part II: Technical Reference............................................................................ 35 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 5 Table of Contents Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens .....................................................................................................37 4.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................37 4.2 The Network Map Screen .................................................................................................................37 4.3 The Status Screen .............................................................................................................................38 Chapter 5 Broadband...........................................................................................................................................43 5.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................43 5.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ............................................................................................43 5.1.2 What You Need to Know ..........................................................................................................44 5.1.3 Before You Begin .....................................................................................................................47 5.2 The Broadband Screen .....................................................................................................................47 5.2.1 Add/Edit Internet Connection ...................................................................................................49 5.3 The 3G Backup Screen .....................................................................................................................57 5.4 The Advanced Screen .......................................................................................................................61 5.5 The 802.1x Screen ............................................................................................................................62 5.5.1 Edit 802.1X Settings ................................................................................................................63 5.6 The WAN Status Screen ...................................................................................................................63 5.7 Technical Reference ..........................................................................................................................64 Chapter 6 Wireless...............................................................................................................................................71 6.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................................71 6.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ............................................................................................71 6.1.2 What You Need to Know ..........................................................................................................72 6.2 The General Screen .........................................................................................................................72 6.2.1 No Security ..............................................................................................................................75 6.2.2 Basic (WEP Encryption) ..........................................................................................................75 6.2.3 Basic (802.1X) .........................................................................................................................77 6.2.4 More Secure (WPA(2)-PSK) ....................................................................................................79 6.2.5 WPA(2) Authentication .............................................................................................................80 6.3 The More AP Screen .........................................................................................................................81 6.3.1 Edit More AP ..........................................................................................................................83 6.4 MAC Authentication ..........................................................................................................................85 6.5 The WPS Screen ..............................................................................................................................86 6.6 The WMM Screen .............................................................................................................................87 6.7 The WDS Screen ..............................................................................................................................88 6.7.1 WDS Scan ...............................................................................................................................89 6.8 The Others Screen ............................................................................................................................90 6.9 The Channel Status Screen ..............................................................................................................92 6.10 Technical Reference ........................................................................................................................92 6.10.1 Wireless Network Overview ...................................................................................................92 6 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Table of Contents 6.10.2 Additional Wireless Terms .....................................................................................................94 6.10.3 Wireless Security Overview ...................................................................................................94 6.10.4 Signal Problems ....................................................................................................................96 6.10.5 BSS .......................................................................................................................................97 6.10.6 MBSSID .................................................................................................................................97 6.10.7 Preamble Type ......................................................................................................................98 6.10.8 Wireless Distribution System (WDS) .....................................................................................98 6.10.9 WiFi Protected Setup (WPS) .................................................................................................98 Chapter 7 Home Networking .............................................................................................................................107 7.1 Overview .........................................................................................................................................107 7.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ..........................................................................................107 7.1.2 What You Need To Know .......................................................................................................108 7.1.3 Before You Begin ...................................................................................................................109 7.2 The LAN Setup Screen ...................................................................................................................109 7.3 The Static DHCP Screen ................................................................................................................. 113 7.4 The UPnP Screen ...........................................................................................................................114 7.5 Installing UPnP in Windows Example .............................................................................................115 7.6 Using UPnP in Windows XP Example ............................................................................................118 7.7 The Additional Subnet Screen ........................................................................................................124 7.8 The STB Vendor ID Screen .............................................................................................................125 7.9 The 5th Ethernet Port Screen .........................................................................................................125 7.10 The LAN VLAN Screen .................................................................................................................126 7.11 The Wake on LAN Screen .............................................................................................................127 7.12 Technical Reference ......................................................................................................................128 7.12.1 LANs, WANs and the Device ...............................................................................................128 7.12.2 DHCP Setup ........................................................................................................................128 7.12.3 DNS Server Addresses .......................................................................................................128 7.12.4 LAN TCP/IP .........................................................................................................................129 Chapter 8 Routing .............................................................................................................................................. 131 8.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................131 8.2 The Routing Screen ........................................................................................................................132 8.2.1 Add/Edit Static Route .............................................................................................................133 8.3 The DNS Route Screen ..................................................................................................................134 8.3.1 The DNS Route Add Screen .................................................................................................134 8.4 The Policy Forwarding Screen ........................................................................................................135 8.4.1 Add/Edit Policy Forwarding ...................................................................................................136 8.5 RIP ..............................................................................................................................................137 8.5.1 The RIP Screen .....................................................................................................................137 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 7 Table of Contents Chapter 9 Quality of Service (QoS)...................................................................................................................139 9.1 Overview ........................................................................................................................................139 9.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ..........................................................................................139 9.2 What You Need to Know .................................................................................................................139 9.3 The Quality of Service General Screen ..........................................................................................141 9.4 The Queue Setup Screen ...............................................................................................................142 9.4.1 Adding a QoS Queue ...........................................................................................................143 9.5 The Class Setup Screen .................................................................................................................144 9.5.1 Add/Edit QoS Class ..............................................................................................................146 9.6 The QoS Policer Setup Screen .......................................................................................................149 9.6.1 Add/Edit a QoS Policer .........................................................................................................150 9.7 The QoS Monitor Screen ...............................................................................................................151 9.8 Technical Reference ........................................................................................................................152 Chapter 10 Network Address Translation (NAT)................................................................................................157 10.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................157 10.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................157 10.1.2 What You Need To Know .....................................................................................................157 10.2 The Port Forwarding Screen ........................................................................................................158 10.2.1 Add/Edit Port Forwarding ...................................................................................................160 10.3 The Applications Screen ...............................................................................................................161 10.3.1 Add New Application ...........................................................................................................162 10.4 The Port Triggering Screen ...........................................................................................................162 10.4.1 Add/Edit Port Triggering Rule .............................................................................................164 10.5 The DMZ Screen ...........................................................................................................................165 10.6 The ALG Screen ...........................................................................................................................166 10.7 The Address Mapping Screen .......................................................................................................166 10.7.1 Add/Edit Address Mapping Rule ..........................................................................................167 10.8 The Address Mapping Screen .......................................................................................................168 10.9 The Sessions Screen ....................................................................................................................169 10.10 Technical Reference ....................................................................................................................169 10.10.1 NAT Definitions ..................................................................................................................170 10.10.2 What NAT Does .................................................................................................................171 10.10.3 How NAT Works ................................................................................................................172 10.10.4 NAT Application .................................................................................................................173 Chapter 11 Dynamic DNS Setup .........................................................................................................................175 11.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................175 11.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................175 11.1.2 What You Need To Know .....................................................................................................176 8 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Table of Contents 11.2 The DNS Entry Screen ..................................................................................................................176 11.2.1 Add/Edit DNS Entry .............................................................................................................177 11.3 The Dynamic DNS Screen ............................................................................................................177 Chapter 12 Interface Group ................................................................................................................................. 179 12.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................179 12.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................179 12.2 The Interface Group Screen ..........................................................................................................179 12.2.1 Interface Group Configuration .............................................................................................180 12.2.2 Interface Grouping Criteria .................................................................................................182 Chapter 13 USB Service ......................................................................................................................................185 13.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................185 13.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................185 13.1.2 What You Need To Know .....................................................................................................185 13.1.3 Before You Begin .................................................................................................................187 13.2 The File Sharing Screen ...............................................................................................................188 13.2.1 The Add New Share Screen ................................................................................................189 13.2.2 The Add New User Screen ..................................................................................................190 13.3 The Media Server Screen .............................................................................................................190 13.4 Printer Server ...............................................................................................................................191 13.4.1 Before You Begin .................................................................................................................191 13.4.2 The Printer Server Screen ...................................................................................................192 Chapter 14 Power Management .......................................................................................................................... 193 14.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................193 14.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................193 14.1.2 What You Need To Know .....................................................................................................193 14.2 The Power Management Screen ..................................................................................................193 14.3 The Auto Switch Off Screen ..........................................................................................................194 14.3.1 The Auto Switch Off Add/Edit Screen ..................................................................................195 14.3.2 The Add/Edit Rule Screen ...................................................................................................195 Chapter 15 Firewall ..............................................................................................................................................197 15.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................197 15.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................197 15.1.2 What You Need to Know ......................................................................................................198 15.2 The Firewall Screen ......................................................................................................................199 15.3 The Protocol Screen ....................................................................................................................199 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 9 Table of Contents 10 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 15.3.1 Add/Edit a Service ..............................................................................................................200 15.4 The Access Control Screen ..........................................................................................................201 15.4.1 Add/Edit an ACL Rule ........................................................................................................202 15.5 The DoS Screen ............................................................................................................................204 Chapter 16 MAC Filter..........................................................................................................................................205 16.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................205 16.2 The MAC Filter Screen ..................................................................................................................205 Chapter 17 Parental Control ................................................................................................................................ 207 17.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................207 17.2 The Parental Control Screen .........................................................................................................207 17.2.1 Add/Edit a Parental Control Rule .........................................................................................208 Chapter 18 Scheduler Rule.................................................................................................................................. 211 18.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................211 18.2 The Scheduler Rule Screen ..........................................................................................................211 18.2.1 Add/Edit a Schedule ............................................................................................................212 Chapter 19 Certificates ........................................................................................................................................ 213 19.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................213 19.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................213 19.2 What You Need to Know ...............................................................................................................213 19.3 The Local Certificates Screen .......................................................................................................213 19.3.1 Create Certificate Request .................................................................................................214 19.3.2 Load Signed Certificate ......................................................................................................215 19.4 The Trusted CA Screen ................................................................................................................216 19.4.1 View Trusted CA Certificate .................................................................................................218 19.4.2 Import Trusted CA Certificate ..............................................................................................219 Chapter 20 VPN ....................................................................................................................................................221 20.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................221 20.2 The IPSec VPN General Screen ...................................................................................................221 20.3 The IPSec VPN Add/Edit Screen ..................................................................................................222 20.4 The IPSec VPN Monitor Screen ....................................................................................................228 20.5 Technical Reference ......................................................................................................................228 20.5.1 IPSec Architecture ...............................................................................................................228 20.5.2 Encapsulation ......................................................................................................................229 Table of Contents 20.5.3 IKE Phases .........................................................................................................................230 20.5.4 Negotiation Mode ................................................................................................................231 20.5.5 IPSec and NAT ....................................................................................................................232 20.5.6 VPN, NAT, and NAT Traversal .............................................................................................232 20.5.7 ID Type and Content ............................................................................................................233 20.5.8 Pre-Shared Key ...................................................................................................................234 20.5.9 Diffie-Hellman (DH) Key Groups ..........................................................................................234 Chapter 21 Voice ..................................................................................................................................................235 21.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................235 21.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................235 21.1.2 What You Need to Know About VoIP ...................................................................................236 21.2 Before You Begin ..........................................................................................................................236 21.3 The SIP Account Screen ..............................................................................................................236 21.3.1 The SIP Account Add/Edit Screen ......................................................................................237 21.4 The SIP Service Provider Screen ................................................................................................241 21.4.1 The SIP Service Provider Add/Edit Screen ........................................................................242 21.4.2 Dial Plan Rules ....................................................................................................................248 21.5 The Phone Screen .......................................................................................................................249 21.6 The Call Rule Screen ....................................................................................................................249 21.7 The Call History Summary Screen ................................................................................................250 21.8 The Call History Outgoing Calls Screen ........................................................................................251 21.9 The Call History Incoming Calls Screen ........................................................................................251 21.10 Technical Reference ....................................................................................................................252 21.10.1 Quality of Service (QoS) ....................................................................................................260 21.10.2 Phone Services Overview .................................................................................................260 Chapter 22 Log ....................................................................................................................................................267 22.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................267 22.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................267 22.1.2 What You Need To Know .....................................................................................................267 22.2 The System Log Screen ................................................................................................................268 22.3 The Security Log Screen ...............................................................................................................269 Chapter 23 Traffic Status ....................................................................................................................................271 23.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................271 23.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................271 23.2 The WAN Status Screen ...............................................................................................................271 23.3 The LAN Status Screen .................................................................................................................273 23.4 The NAT Status Screen .................................................................................................................274 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 11 Table of Contents Chapter 24 VoIP Status .......................................................................................................................................275 24.1 The VoIP Status Screen ................................................................................................................275 Chapter 25 ARP Table ..........................................................................................................................................277 25.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................277 25.1.1 How ARP Works ..................................................................................................................277 25.2 ARP Table Screen .........................................................................................................................277 Chapter 26 Routing Table ....................................................................................................................................279 26.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................279 26.2 The Routing Table Screen .............................................................................................................279 Chapter 27 IGMP/MLD Status .............................................................................................................................281 27.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................281 27.2 The IGMP/MLD Group Status Screen ...........................................................................................281 Chapter 28 xDSL Statistics..................................................................................................................................283 28.1 The xDSL Statistics Screen ...........................................................................................................283 Chapter 29 3G Statistics .....................................................................................................................................287 29.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................287 29.2 The 3G Statistics Screen ...............................................................................................................287 Chapter 30 User Account ....................................................................................................................................289 30.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................289 30.2 The User Account Screen .............................................................................................................289 Chapter 31 Remote Management........................................................................................................................291 31.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................291 31.2 The Remote MGMT Screen ..........................................................................................................291 31.3 The Trust Domain Screen .............................................................................................................292 31.4 The Add Trust Domain Screen ......................................................................................................293 Chapter 32 TR-069 Client.....................................................................................................................................295 12 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Table of Contents 32.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................295 32.2 The TR-069 Client Screen ............................................................................................................295 Chapter 33 TR-064................................................................................................................................................297 33.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................297 33.2 The TR-064 Screen .......................................................................................................................297 Chapter 34 SNMP .................................................................................................................................................299 34.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................299 34.2 The SNMP Screen ........................................................................................................................299 Chapter 35 Time Settings ....................................................................................................................................301 35.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................301 35.2 The Time Screen ..........................................................................................................................301 Chapter 36 E-mail Notification ............................................................................................................................305 36.1 Overview ....................................................................................................................................305 36.2 The Email Notification Screen .......................................................................................................305 36.2.1 Email Notification Edit ........................................................................................................306 Chapter 37 Logs Setting .....................................................................................................................................307 37.1 Overview ......................................................................................................................................307 37.2 The Log Settings Screen ...............................................................................................................307 37.2.1 Example E-mail Log ............................................................................................................308 Chapter 38 Firmware Upgrade ............................................................................................................................ 311 38.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................311 38.2 The Firmware Screen .................................................................................................................... 311 Chapter 39 Configuration .................................................................................................................................... 313 39.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................313 39.2 The Configuration Screen .............................................................................................................313 39.3 The Reboot Screen .......................................................................................................................315 Chapter 40 Diagnostic .........................................................................................................................................316 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 13 Table of Contents 14 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 40.1 Overview .......................................................................................................................................316 40.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter ........................................................................................316 40.2 What You Need to Know ...............................................................................................................316 40.3 Ping & TraceRoute & NsLookup ...................................................................................................317 40.4 802.1ag .........................................................................................................................................318 40.5 OAM Ping ......................................................................................................................................319 Chapter 41 Troubleshooting................................................................................................................................321 41.1 Power, Hardware Connections, and LEDs ....................................................................................321 41.2 Device Access and Login ..............................................................................................................322 41.3 Internet Access .............................................................................................................................324 41.4 Wireless Internet Access ...............................................................................................................325 41.5 USB Device Connection ................................................................................................................326 41.6 UPnP .............................................................................................................................................326 Appendix A Setting up Your Computer’s IP Address.......................................................................327 Appendix B IP Addresses and Subnetting.......................................................................................349 Appendix C Pop-up Windows, JavaScripts and Java Permissions .................................................357 Appendix D Wireless LANs..............................................................................................................367 Appendix E IPv6..............................................................................................................................381 Appendix F Services........................................................................................................................389 Appendix G Legal Information.........................................................................................................393 Index ..................................................................................................................................................397 PART I User’s Guide 15 16 CHAPTER 1 Introducing the Device 1.1 Overview The Device is a wireless VDSL router and Gigabit Ethernet gateway. It has a DSL port and a Gigabit Ethernet port for super-fast Internet access. The Device supports both Packet Transfer Mode (PTM) and Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). It is backward compatible with ADSL, ADSL2 and ADSL2+ in case VDSL is not available. Only use firmware for your Device’s specific model. Refer to the label on the bottom of your Device. The Device has two USB ports for sharing files via a USB storage device, sharing a USB printer, or connecting a 3G dongle for a WAN backup connection. • The VMG8324-B10A works over the analog telephone system, POTS (Plain Old Telephone Service). The VMG8324-B30A works over ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) or T-ISDN (UR-2). 1.2 Ways to Manage the Device Use any of the following methods to manage the Device. • Web Configurator. This is recommended for everyday management of the Device using a (supported) web browser. • TR-069. This is an auto-configuration server used to remotely configure your device. 1.3 Good Habits for Managing the Device Do the following things regularly to make the Device more secure and to manage the Device more effectively. • Change the password. Use a password that’s not easy to guess and that consists of different types of characters, such as numbers and letters. • Write down the password and put it in a safe place. • Back up the configuration (and make sure you know how to restore it). Restoring an earlier working configuration may be useful if the device becomes unstable or even crashes. If you forget your password, you will have to reset the Device to its factory default settings. If you backed up an earlier configuration file, you would not have to totally re-configure the Device. You could simply restore your last configuration. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 17 Chapter 1 Introducing the Device 1.4 Applications for the Device Here are some example uses for which the Device is well suited. 1.4.1 Internet Access Your Device provides shared Internet access by connecting the DSL port to the DSL or MODEM jack on a splitter or your telephone jack. You can have multiple WAN services over one ADSL or VDSL. The Device cannot work in ADSL and VDSL mode at the same time. Note: The ADSL and VDSL lines share the same WAN (layer-2) interfaces that you configure in the Device. Refer to Section 5.2 on page 47 for the Network Setting > Broadband screen. Computers can connect to the Device’s LAN ports (or wirelessly). Figure 1 Device’s Internet Access Application WLAN Bridging IPoE PPPoE LAN WAN ADSL / VDSL WLAN LAN AA ADSL ADSL WAN Bridging PPPoE IPoE PPPoA IPoA WAN Bridging PPPoE IPoE PPPoA IPoA You can also configure IP filtering on the Device for secure Internet access. When the IP filter is on, all incoming traffic from the Internet to your network is blocked by default unless it is initiated from your network. This means that probes from the outside to your network are not allowed, but you can safely browse the Internet and download files. 18 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 1 Introducing the Device 1.4.2 Device’s USB Support The USB port of the Device is used for file-sharing, media server and printer-sharing. File Sharing Use the built-in USB 2.0 port to share files on a USB memory stick or a USB hard drive (B). You can connect one USB hard drive to the Device at a time. Use FTP to access the files on the USB device. Figure 2 USB File Sharing Application Media Server You can also use the Device as a media server. This lets anyone on your network play video, music, and photos from a USB device (B) connected to the Device’s USB port (without having to copy them to another computer). Figure 3 USB Media Server Application VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 19 A A B B Chapter 1 Introducing the Device Printer Server The Device allows you to share a USB printer on your LAN. You can do this by connecting a USB printer to one of the USB ports on the Device and then configuring a TCP/IP port on the computers connected to your network. Figure 4 Sharing a USB Printer 1.5 LEDs (Lights) The following graphic displays the labels of the LEDs. Figure 5 LEDs on the Device 2.4G 5G None of the LEDs are on if the Device is not receiving power. Table 1 LED Descriptions LED COLOR STATUS DESCRIPTION PWR/SYS 20 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Green On The Device is receiving power and ready for use. Blinking The Device is self-testing. Red On The Device detected an error while self-testing, or there is a device malfunction. Off The Device is not receiving power. DSL Green On The ADSL line is up. Blinking The Device is initializing the ADSL line. Orange On The VDSL line is up. Blinking The Device is initializing the VDSL line. Off The DSL line is down. Chapter 1 Introducing the Device Table 1 LED Descriptions (continued) LED COLOR STATUS DESCRIPTION Green On The Device has an IP connection but no traffic. INTERNET Your device has a WAN IP address (either static or assigned by a DHCP server), PPP negotiation was successfully completed (if used) and the DSL connection is up. Blinking The Device is sending or receiving IP traffic. Off There is no Internet connection or the gateway is in bridged mode. Red On The Device attempted to make an IP connection but failed. Possible causes are no response from a DHCP server, no PPPoE response, PPPoE authentication failed. WAN WAN. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 21 Green On The Device has a successful 1000 Mbps Ethernet connection on the Blinking The Device is sending or receiving data to/from the WAN at 1000 Mbps. Orange On The Device has a successful 10/100 Mbps Ethernet connection on the WAN. Blinking The Device is sending or receiving data to/from the WAN at 10/100 Mbps. Off There is no Ethernet connection on the WAN. LAN Green On The Device has a successful 1000 Mbps Ethernet connection with a device on the Local Area Network (LAN). Blinking The Device is sending or receiving data to/from the LAN at 1000 Mbps. Off The Device does not have an Ethernet connection with the LAN. WiFi 2.4G Blinking The Device is communicating with other wireless clients. Green On The 2.4 GHz wireless network is activated. Orange Blinking The Device is setting up a WPS connection. Off The 2.4 GHz wireless network is not activated. Phone1, Phone2 Blinking A telephone connected to the phone port has its receiver off of the hook or there is an incoming call. Green On A SIP account is registered for the phone port. Orange On A SIP account is registered for the phone port and there is a voice message in the corresponding SIP account. Blinking A telephone connected to the phone port has its receiver off of the hook and there is a voice message in the corresponding SIP account. Off The phone port does not have a SIP account registered. USB1 Blinking The Device is sending/receiving data to /from the USB device connected Green On The Device recognizes a USB connection through the USB1 slot. to it. Off The Device does not detect a USB connection through the USB1 slot. USB2 Blinking The Device is sending/receiving data to /from the USB device connected Green On The Device recognizes a USB connection through the USB2 slot. to it. Off The Device does not detect a USB connection through the USB2 slot. Chapter 1 Introducing the Device 1.6 The RESET Button If you forget your password or cannot access the Web Configurator, you will need to use the RESET button at the back of the device to reload the factory-default configuration file. This means that you will lose all configurations that you had previously and the password will be reset to “1234”. 1 Make sure the PWR/SYS LED is on (not blinking). 2 To set the device back to the factory default settings, press the RESET button for ten seconds or until the PWR/SYS LED begins to blink and then release it. When the PWR/SYS LED begins to blink, the defaults have been restored and the device restarts. 1.7 Wireless Access The Device is a wireless Access Point (AP) for wireless clients, such as notebook computers or PDAs and iPads. It allows them to connect to the Internet without having to rely on inconvenient Ethernet cables. You can configure your wireless network in either the built-in Web Configurator, or using the WPS button. Figure 6 Wireless Access Example 1.7.1 Using the Wi-Fi and WPS Buttons If the wireless network is turned off, press the Wi-Fi button for one second. Once the WiFi 2.4G LED turns green, the wireless network is active. You can also use the WPS button to quickly set up a secure wireless connection between the Device and a WPS-compatible client by adding one device at a time. To activate WPS: 1 Make sure the PWR/SYS LED is on and not blinking. 2 Press the WPS button for five seconds and release it. 3 Press the WPS button on another WPS-enabled device within range of the Device. The WiFi 2.4G LED flashes orange while the Device sets up a WPS connection with the other wireless device. 22 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 1 Introducing the Device 4 Once the connection is successfully made, the WiFi 2.4G LED shines green. To turn off the wireless network, press the Wi-Fi button for one to five seconds. The WiFi 2.4G LED turns off when the wireless network is off. 1.8 Wall-mounting Instructions Do the following to hang your Device on a wall. 1 Locate a high position on a wall that is free of obstructions. Use a sturdy wall. 2 Hold the bracket against the wall and mark where to drill the holes. 3 Drill the two screw holes in the wall. Be careful to avoid damaging pipes or cables located inside the wall when drilling holes for the screws. 4 Align and insert the bracket to the wall-mounting notches on the rear panel of the Device. 5 Push the bracket up to tightly attach it to the Device. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 23 Chapter 1 Introducing the Device 24 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 6 Mount the Device on the screws which are already installed on the wall. Make sure that the Device is firmly attached to the screws so it does not fall off. CHAPTER 2 The Web Configurator 2.1 Overview The web configurator is an HTML-based management interface that allows easy device setup and management via Internet browser. Use Internet Explorer 6.0 and later versions or Mozilla Firefox 3 and later versions or Safari 2.0 and later versions. The recommended screen resolution is 1024 by 768 pixels. In order to use the web configurator you need to allow: • Web browser pop-up windows from your device. Web pop-up blocking is enabled by default in Windows XP SP (Service Pack) 2. • JavaScript (enabled by default). • Java permissions (enabled by default). See Appendix C on page 357 if you need to make sure these functions are allowed in Internet Explorer. 2.1.1 Accessing the Web Configurator 1 Make sure your Device hardware is properly connected (refer to the Quick Start Guide). 2 Launch your web browser. If the Device does not automatically re-direct you to the login screen, go to http://192.168.1.1. 3 A password screen displays. To access the administrative web configurator and manage the Device, type the default username admin and password 1234 in the password screen and click Login. If advanced account security is enabled (see Section 30.2 on page 289) the number of dots that appears when you type the password changes randomly to prevent anyone watching the password field from knowing the length of your password. If you have changed the password, enter your password and click Login. Figure 7 Password Screen VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 25 Chapter 2 The Web Configurator 26 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 4 The following screen displays if you have not yet changed your password. It is strongly recommended you change the default password. Enter a new password, retype it to confirm and click Apply; alternatively click Skip to proceed to the main menu if you do not want to change the password now. Figure 8 Change Password Screen 5 The Quick Start Wizard screen appears. You can configure the Device’s time zone, basic Internet access, and wireless settings. See Chapter 3 on page 33 for more information. 6 After you finished or closed the Quick Start Wizard screen, the Network Map page appears. Figure 9 Network Map 7 Click Status to display the Status screen, where you can view the Device’s interface and system information. Chapter 2 The Web Configurator 2.2 Web Configurator Layout Figure 10 Screen Layout BA C As illustrated above, the main screen is divided into these parts: • A - title bar • B - main window • C - navigation panel 2.2.1 Title Bar The title bar provides some icons in the upper right corner. The icons provide the following functions. Table 2 Web Configurator Icons in the Title Bar ICON DESCRIPTION Language: Select the language you prefer. Quick Start: Click this icon to open screens where you can configure the Device’s time zone Internet access, and wireless settings. Logout: Click this icon to log out of the web configurator. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 27 Chapter 2 The Web Configurator 2.2.2 Main Window The main window displays information and configuration fields. It is discussed in the rest of this document. After you click Status on the Connection Status page, the Status screen is displayed. See Chapter 4 on page 38 for more information about the Status screen. If you click Virtual Device on the System Info screen, a visual graphic appears, showing the connection status of the Device’s ports. The connected ports are in color and disconnected ports are gray. Figure 11 Virtual Device 28 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 2 The Web Configurator 2.2.3 Navigation Panel Use the menu items on the navigation panel to open screens to configure Device features. The following tables describe each menu item. Table 3 Navigation Panel Summary LINK TAB FUNCTION Connection Status This screen shows the network status of the Device and computers/ devices connected to it. Network Setting Broadband Broadband Use this screen to view and configure ISP parameters, WAN IP address assignment, and other advanced properties. You can also add new WAN connections. 3G Backup Use this screen to configure 3G WAN connection. Advanced Use this screen to enable or disable PTM over ADSL, Annex M/Annex J, and DSL PhyR functions. 802.1x Use this screen to view and configure the IEEE 802.1x settings on the Device. Wan Status Use this screen to view historical traffic transmission statistics of a WAN interface. Wireless General Use this screen to configure the wireless LAN settings and WLAN authentication/security settings. More AP Use this screen to configure multiple BSSs on the Device. MAC Authentication Use this screen to block or allow wireless traffic from wireless devices of certain SSIDs and MAC addresses to the Device. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 29 WPS Use this screen to configure and view your WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) settings. WMM Use this screen to enable or disable Wi-Fi MultiMedia (WMM). WDS Use this screen to set up Wireless Distribution System (WDS) links to other access points. Others Use this screen to configure advanced wireless settings. Channel Status Use this screen to scan wireless LAN channel noises and view the results. Home LAN Setup Use this screen to configure LAN TCP/IP settings, and other advanced Networking properties. Static DHCP Use this screen to assign specific IP addresses to individual MAC addresses. UPnP Use this screen to turn UPnP and UPnP NAT-T on or off. Additional Subnet Use this screen to configure IP alias and public static IP. STB Vendor ID Use this screen to have the Device automatically create static DHCP entries for Set Top Box (STB) devices when they request IP addresses. 5th Ethernet port Use this screen to configure the role of the WAN port. It can be either the Ethernet WAN or a LAN port. LAN VLAN Use this screen to control the VLAN ID and IEEE 802.1p priority tags of traffic sent out through individual LAN ports. Wake on Lan Use this screen to remotely turn on a device on the network. Chapter 2 The Web Configurator Table 3 Navigation Panel Summary (continued) LINK TAB FUNCTION Routing Static Route Use this screen to view and set up static routes on the Device. DNS Route Use this screen to forward DNS queries for certain domain names through a specific WAN interface to its DNS server(s). Policy Forwarding 30 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Use this screen to configure policy routing on the Device. RIP Use this screen to configure Routing Information Protocol to exchange routing information with other routers. QoS General Use this screen to enable QoS and traffic prioritizing. You can also configure the QoS rules and actions. Queue Setup Use this screen to configure QoS queues. Class Setup Use this screen to define a classifier. Policer Setup Use these screens to configure QoS policers. NAT Port Forwarding Use this screen to make your local servers visible to the outside world. Applications Use this screen to configure servers behind the Device. Port Triggering Use this screen to change your Device’s port triggering settings. DMZ Use this screen to configure a default server which receives packets from ports that are not specified in the Port Forwarding screen. ALG Use this screen to enable or disable SIP ALG. Address Mapping Use this screen to change your Device’s address mapping settings. Sessions Use this screen to configure the maximum number of NAT sessions each client host is allowed to have through the Device. DNS DNS Entry Use this screen to view and configure DNS routes. Dynamic DNS Use this screen to allow a static hostname alias for a dynamic IP address. Interface Group Use this screen to map a port to a PVC or bridge group. USB Service File Sharing Use this screen to enable file sharing via the Device. Media Server Use this screen to use the Device as a media server. Printer Server Use this screen to enable the print server on the Device and get the model name of the associated printer. Power Management Power Management This screen is only available for supervisors. Use this screen to manually turn on/off specific interface(s) and/or all LEDs immediately. Auto Switch Off This screen is only available for supervisors. Use this screen to configure schedules to have the Device automatically turn on/off specific interface(s) and/or all LEDs. Security Settings Firewall General Use this screen to configure the security level of your firewall. Protocol Use this screen to add Internet services and configure firewall rules. Access Control Use this screen to enable specific traffic directions for network services. DoS Use this screen to activate protection against Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. MAC Filter Use this screen to block or allow traffic from devices of certain MAC addresses to the Device. Chapter 2 The Web Configurator Table 3 Navigation Panel Summary (continued) LINK TAB FUNCTION Parental Control VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 31 Use this screen to block web sites with the specific URL. Scheduler Use this screen to configure the days and times when a configured Rules restriction (such as parental control) is enforced. Certificates Local Certificates Use this screen to view a summary list of certificates and manage certificates and certification requests. Trusted CA Use this screen to view and manage the list of the trusted CAs. IPSec VPN Setup Use this screen to add or edit VPN policies. Monitor Use this screen to view the status of all IPSec VPN tunnels. You can also manually initiate a tunnel in this screen. VoIPSIP SIP Account Use this screen to set up information about your SIP account and configure audio settings such as volume levels for the phones connected to the ZyXEL Device. SIP Service Provider Use this screen to configure your ZyXEL Device’s Voice over IP settings. Phone Use this screen to select your location and a call service mode. Call Rule Use this screen to configure speed dial for SIP phone numbers that you call often. Call History Call History Summary Use this screen to view a call history list. Call History Outgoing Use this screen to view detailed information for each outgoing call you made. Call History Incoming Use this screen to view detailed information for each incoming call from someone calling you. Line Test This screen is only available for supervisors. Use this screen to do various tests for a phone line. System Monitor Log System Log Use this screen to view the status of events that occurred to the Device. You can export or e-mail the logs. Security Log Use this screen to view the login record of the Device. You can export or e-mail the logs. Traffic Status WAN Use this screen to view the status of all network traffic going through the WAN port of the Device. LAN Use this screen to view the status of all network traffic going through the LAN ports of the Device. NAT Use this screen to view NAT statistics for connected hosts. VoIP Status Use this screen to view VoIP registration, current call statust and phone numbers for the phone ports. ARP Table Use this screen to view the ARP table. It displays the IP and MAC address of each DHCP connection. Routing Table Use this screen to view the routing table on the Device. IGMP/MLD Use this screen to view the status of all IGMP settings on the Device. Group Status xDSL Statistics Use this screen to view the Device’s xDSL traffic statistics. 3G Statistics Use this screen to look at 3G Internet connection status. Maintenance Chapter 2 The Web Configurator Table 3 Navigation Panel Summary (continued) LINK TAB FUNCTION User Account Use this screen to change user password on the Device. Remote MGMT Use this screen to enable specific traffic directions for network services. TR-069 Client Use this screen to configure the Device to be managed by an Auto Configuration Server (ACS). TR-064 Use this screen to enable management via TR-064 on the LAN. SNMP Use this screen to configure SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) settings. Time Use this screen to change your Device’s time and date. Email Notification 32 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Use this screen to configure up to two mail servers and sender addresses on the Device. Log Setting Use this screen to change your Device’s log settings. Firmware Use this screen to upload firmware to your device. Upgrade Configuration Use this screen to backup and restore your device’s configuration (settings) or reset the factory default settings. Reboot Use this screen to reboot the Device without turning the power off. Diagnostic Ping & Traceroute & Nslookup Use this screen to identify problems with the DSL connection. You can use Ping, TraceRoute, or Nslookup to help you identify problems. 802.1ag Use this screen to configure CFM (Connectivity Fault Management) MD (maintenance domain) and MA (maintenance association), perform connectivity tests and view test reports. OAM Ping Use this screen to view information to help you identify problems with the DSL connection. CHAPTER 3 Quick Start 3.1 Overview Use the Quick Start screens to configure the Device’s time zone, basic Internet access, and wireless settings. Note: See the technical reference chapters (starting on page 35) for background information on the features in this chapter. 3.2 Quick Start Setup 1 The Quick Start Wizard appears automatically after login. Or you can click the Click Start icon in the top right corner of the web configurator to open the quick start screens. Select the time zone of the Device’s location and click Next. Figure 12 Time Zone VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 33 Chapter 3 Quick Start 34 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 2 Enter your Internet connection information in this screen. The screen and fields to enter may vary depending on your current connection type. Click Next. Click Next. Figure 13 Internet Connection 3 Turn the wireless LAN on or off. If you keep it on, record the security settings so you can configure your wireless clients to connect to the Device. Click Save. Figure 14 Internet Connection 4 Your Device saves your settings and attempts to connect to the Internet. PART II Technical Reference 35 36 CHAPTER 4 Network Map and Status Screens 4.1 Overview After you log into the Web Configurator, the Network Map screen appears. This shows the network connection status of the Device and clients connected to it. You can use the Status screen to look at the current status of the Device, system resources, and interfaces (LAN, WAN, and WLAN). 4.2 The Network Map Screen Use this screen to view the network connection status of the device and its clients. A warning message appears if there is a connection problem. Figure 15 Network Map: Icon View Mode VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 37 Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens 38 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide If you want to view information about a client, click the client’s name and Info. Click the IP address if you want to change it. If you want to change the name or icon of the client, click Change name/ icon. If you prefer to view the status in a list, click List View in the Viewing mode selection box. You can configure how often you want the Device to update this screen in Refresh interval. Figure 16 Network Map: List View Mode 4.3 The Status Screen Use this screen to view the status of the Device. Click Status to open this screen. Figure 17 Status Screen Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens Each field is described in the following table. Table 4 Status Screen LABEL DESCRIPTION Refresh Interval Select how often you want the Device to update this screen. Device Information Host Name This field displays the Device system name. It is used for identification. Model Number This shows the model number of your Device. Firmware This is the current version of the firmware inside the Device. Version WAN Information (These fields display when you have a WAN connection.) WAN Type This field displays the current WAN connection type. MAC Address This shows the WAN Ethernet adapter MAC (Media Access Control) Address of your Device. IP Address This field displays the current IP address of the Device in the WAN. Click Release to release your IP address to 0.0.0.0. If you want to renew your IP address, click Renew. IP Subnet Mask This field displays the current subnet mask in the WAN. Encapsulation This field displays the current encapsulation method. LAN Information IPv4 Address This is the current IPv4 IP address of the Device in the LAN. IPv4 Subnet This is the current subnet mask in the LAN. Mask DHCP This field displays what DHCP services the Device is providing to the LAN. Choices are: Server - The Device is a DHCP server in the LAN. It assigns IP addresses to other computers in the LAN. Relay - The Device acts as a surrogate DHCP server and relays DHCP requests and responses between the remote server and the clients. None - The Device is not providing any DHCP services to the LAN. MAC Address This shows the LAN Ethernet adapter MAC (Media Access Control) Address of your Device. WLAN Information MAC Address This shows the wireless adapter MAC (Media Access Control) Address of your Device. Status This displays whether WLAN is activated. SSID This is the descriptive name used to identify the Device in a wireless LAN. Channel This is the channel number used by the Device now. Security This displays the type of security mode the Device is using in the wireless LAN. 802.11 Mode This displays the type of 802.11 mode the Device is using in the wireless LAN. WPS This displays whether WPS is activated. Security Firewall This displays the firewall’s current security level. System Status System Up This field displays how long the Device has been running since it last started up. The Time Device starts up when you plug it in, when you restart it (Maintenance > Reboot), or when you reset it. Current Date/ Time VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 39 This field displays the current date and time in the Device. You can change this in Maintenance> Time Setting. System Resource Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens Table 4 Status Screen (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION CPU Usage This field displays what percentage of the Device’s processing ability is currently used. When this percentage is close to 100%, the Device is running at full load, and the throughput is not going to improve anymore. If you want some applications to have more throughput, you should turn off other applications (for example, using QoS; see Chapter 9 on page 139). Memory Usage This field displays what percentage of the Device’s memory is currently used. Usually, this percentage should not increase much. If memory usage does get close to 100%, the Device is probably becoming unstable, and you should restart the device. See Section 39.2 on page 313, or turn off the device (unplug the power) for a few seconds. NAT Session This field displays what percentage of the Device supported NAT sessions are currently Usage being used. Interface Status Interface This column displays each interface the Device has. Status This field indicates the interface’s use status. For the DSL interface, this field displays Down (line down), Up (line up or connected) and Drop (dropping a call) if you're using PPPoE encapsulation. For the Ethernet WAN and LAN interface, this field displays Up when using the interface and NoLink when not using the interface. For the WLAN interface, this field displays the enabled (Active) or disabled (InActive) state of the interface. For the 3G USB interface, this field displays Up when using the interface and NoDevice when no device is detected in any USB slot. Rate For the Ethernet WAN and LAN interface, this displays the port speed and duplex setting. For the DSL interface, it displays the downstream and upstream transmission rate. For the WLAN interface, it displays the maximum transmission rate or N/A with WLAN disabled. For the 3G USB interface, this field displays Up when a 3G USB device is installed in a USB slot and NoDevice when no device is detected in any USB slot. Registration Status Account This column displays each SIP account in the Device. Action If the SIP account is already registered with the SIP server, the Account Status field displays Registered. Click Unregister to delete the SIP account’s registration in the SIP server. This does not cancel your SIP account, but it deletes the mapping between your SIP identity and your IP address or domain name. If the SIP account is not registered with the SIP server, the Account Status field displays Not Registered. Click Register to have the Device attempt to register the SIP account with the SIP server. The button is grayed out if the SIP account is disabled. 40 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens Table 4 Status Screen (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Account Status This field displays the current registration status of the SIP account. You have to register SIP accounts with a SIP server to use VoIP. Inactive - The SIP account is not active. You can activate it in VoIP > SIP > SIP Account. Not Registered - The last time the Device tried to register the SIP account with the SIP server, the attempt failed. Use the Register button to register the account again. The Device automatically tries to register the SIP account when you turn on the Device or when you activate it. Registered - The SIP account is already registered with the SIP server. You can use it to make a VoIP call. Service-Provider This column displays the service provider name and SIP number for each SIP account. URI This field displays the account number and service domain of the SIP account. You can change these in the VoIP > SIP screens. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 41 Chapter 4 Network Map and Status Screens VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 42 CHAPTER 5 Broadband 5.1 Overview This chapter discusses the Device’s Broadband screens. Use these screens to configure your Device for Internet access. A WAN (Wide Area Network) connection is an outside connection to another network or the Internet. It connects your private networks, such as a LAN (Local Area Network) and other networks, so that a computer in one location can communicate with computers in other locations. Figure 18 LAN and WAN 3G (third generation) standards for the sending and receiving of voice, video, and data in a mobile environment. You can attach a 3G wireless adapter to the USB port and set the Device to use this 3G connection as your WAN or a backup when the wired WAN connection fails. Figure 19 3G WAN Connection 5.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter • Use the Broadband screen to view, remove or add a WAN interface. You can also configure the WAN settings on the Device for Internet access (Section 5.2 on page 47). • Use the 3G Backup screen to configure 3G WAN connection (Section 5.3 on page 57). VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 43 WAN Chapter 5 Broadband 44 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide • Use the Advanced screen to enable or disable PTM over ADSL, Annex M/Annex J, and DSL PhyR functions (Section 5.4 on page 61). • Use the 802.1x screen to view and configure the IEEE 802.1X settings on the Device (Section 5.5 on page 62). • Use the Wan Status screen to view a WAN interface’s historical traffic transmission rate. (Section 5.6 on page 63). Table 5 WAN Setup Overview LAYER-2 INTERFACE INTERNET CONNECTION CONNECTION DSL TYPE LINK MODE ENCAPSULATION CONNECTION SETTINGS ADSL/VDSL over PTM 5.1.2 What You Need to Know The following terms and concepts may help as you read this chapter. Encapsulation Method Encapsulation is used to include data from an upper layer protocol into a lower layer protocol. To set up a WAN connection to the Internet, you need to use the same encapsulation method used by your ISP (Internet Service Provider). If your ISP offers a dial-up Internet connection using PPPoE (PPP over Ethernet), they should also provide a username and password (and service name) for user authentication. N/A Routing PPPoE PPP information, IPv4/IPv6 IP address, routing feature, DNS server, VLAN, QoS, and MTU IPoE IPv4/IPv6 IP address, routing feature, DNS server, VLAN, QoS, and MTU Bridge N/A VLAN and QoS ADSL over ATM EoA Routing PPPoE/PPP0A ATM PVC configuration, PPP information, IPv4/IPv6 IP address, routing feature, DNS server, VLAN, QoS, and MTU IPoE/IPoA ATM PVC configuration, IPv4/IPv6 IP address, routing feature, DNS server, VLAN, QoS, and MTU Bridge N/A ATM PVC configuration, and QoS EtherWAN N/A Routing PPPoE PPP user name and password, WAN IPv4/IPv6 IP address, routing feature, DNS server, VLAN, QoS, and MTU IPoE WAN IPv4/IPv6 IP address, NAT, DNS server and routing feature Bridge N/A VLAN and QoS Chapter 5 Broadband WAN IP Address The WAN IP address is an IP address for the Device, which makes it accessible from an outside network. It is used by the Device to communicate with other devices in other networks. It can be static (fixed) or dynamically assigned by the ISP each time the Device tries to access the Internet. If your ISP assigns you a static WAN IP address, they should also assign you the subnet mask and DNS server IP address(es). ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is a WAN networking technology that provides high-speed data transfer. ATM uses fixed-size packets of information called cells. With ATM, a high QoS (Quality of Service) can be guaranteed. ATM uses a connection-oriented model and establishes a virtual circuit (VC) between Finding Out More PTM Packet Transfer Mode (PTM) is packet-oriented and supported by the VDSL2 standard. In PTM, packets are encapsulated directly in the High-level Data Link Control (HDLC) frames. It is designed to provide a low-overhead, transparent way of transporting packets over DSL links, as an alternative to ATM. 3G 3G (Third Generation) is a digital, packet-switched wireless technology. Bandwidth usage is optimized as multiple users share the same channel and bandwidth is only allocated to users when they send data. It allows fast transfer of voice and non-voice data and provides broadband Internet access to mobile devices. IPv6 Introduction IPv6 (Internet Protocol version 6), is designed to enhance IP address size and features. The increase in IPv6 address size to 128 bits (from the 32-bit IPv4 address) allows up to 3.4 x 1038 IP addresses. The Device can use IPv4/IPv6 dual stack to connect to IPv4 and IPv6 networks, and supports IPv6 rapid deployment (6RD). IPv6 Addressing The 128-bit IPv6 address is written as eight 16-bit hexadecimal blocks separated by colons (:). This is an example IPv6 address 2001:0db8:1a2b:0015:0000:0000:1a2f:0000. IPv6 addresses can be abbreviated in two ways: • Leading zeros in a block can be omitted. So 2001:0db8:1a2b:0015:0000:0000:1a2f:0000 can be written as 2001:db8:1a2b:15:0:0:1a2f:0. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 45 Chapter 5 Broadband • Any number of consecutive blocks of zeros can be replaced by a double colon. A double colon can only appear once in an IPv6 address. So 2001:0db8:0000:0000:1a2f:0000:0000:0015 can be written as 2001:0db8::1a2f:0000:0000:0015, 2001:0db8:0000:0000:1a2f::0015, 2001:db8::1a2f:0:0:15 or 2001:db8:0:0:1a2f::15. IPv6 Prefix and Prefix Length Similar to an IPv4 subnet mask, IPv6 uses an address prefix to represent the network address. An IPv6 prefix length specifies how many most significant bits (start from the left) in the address compose the network address. The prefix length is written as “/x” where x is a number. For example, 2001:db8:1a2b:15::1a2f:0/32 means that the first 32 bits (2001:db8) is the subnet prefix. IPv6 Subnet Masking Both an IPv6 address and IPv6 subnet mask compose of 128-bit binary digits, which are divided into eight 16-bit blocks and written in hexadecimal notation. Hexadecimal uses four bits for each character (1 ~ 10, A ~ F). Each block’s 16 bits are then represented by four hexadecimal characters. For example, FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FFFF:FC00:0000:0000:0000. IPv6 Rapid Deployment Use IPv6 Rapid Deployment (6rd) when the local network uses IPv6 and the ISP has an IPv4 network. When the Device has an IPv4 WAN address and you set IPv6/IPv4 Mode to IPv4 Only, you can enable 6rd to encapsulate IPv6 packets in IPv4 packets to cross the ISP’s IPv4 network. The Device generates a global IPv6 prefix from its IPv4 WAN address and tunnels IPv6 traffic to the ISP’s Border Relay router (BR in the figure) to connect to the native IPv6 Internet. The local network can also use IPv4 services. The Device uses it’s configured IPv4 WAN IP to route IPv4 traffic to the IPv4 Internet. Figure 20 IPv6 Rapid Deployment LAN - IPv6 - IPv4 IPv6 + IPv4 46 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide IPv6 Internet IPv4 WAN - IPv4 - IPv6 in IPv4 ISP (IPv4) IPv6 in IPv4 BR IPv4 Internet Chapter 5 Broadband Dual Stack Lite Use Dual Stack Lite when local network computers use IPv4 and the ISP has an IPv6 network. When the Device has an IPv6 WAN address and you set IPv6/IPv4 Mode to IPv6 Only, you can enable Dual Stack Lite to use IPv4 computers and services. The Device tunnels IPv4 packets inside IPv6 encapsulation packets to the ISP’s Address Family Transition Router (AFTR in the graphic) to connect to the IPv4 Internet. The local network can also use IPv6 services. The Device uses it’s configured IPv6 WAN IP to route IPv6 traffic to the IPv6 Internet. Figure 21 Dual Stack Lite 5.1.3 Before You Begin You need to know your Internet access settings such as encapsulation and WAN IP address. Get this information from your ISP. 5.2 The Broadband Screen Use this screen to change your Device’s Internet access settings. Click Network Setting > Broadband from the menu. The summary table shows you the configured WAN services (connections) on the Device. Figure 22 Network Setting > Broadband VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 47 IPv6 LAN - IPv6 - IPv4 IPv4 + IPv4 in IPv6 IPv4 Internet WAN - IPv6 - IPv4 in IPv6 ISP (IPv6) IPv6 Internet IPv6 AFTR Chapter 5 Broadband 48 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 6 Network Setting > Broadband LABEL DESCRIPTION Add New WAN Interface Click this button to create a new connection. # This is the index number of the entry. Name This is the service name of the connection. Type This shows whether it is an ATM, Ethernet or a PTM connection. Mode This shows whether the connection is in routing or bridge mode. Encapsulation This is the method of encapsulation used by this connection. 802.1p This indicates the 802.1p priority level assigned to traffic sent through this connection. This displays N/A when there is no priority level assigned. 802.1q This indicates the VLAN ID number assigned to traffic sent through this connection. This displays N/A when there is no VLAN ID number assigned. IGMP Proxy This shows whether the Device act as an IGMP proxy on this connection. NAT This shows whether NAT is activated or not for this connection. Default Gateway This shows whether the Device use the WAN interface of this connection as the system default gateway. IPv6 This shows whether IPv6 is activated or not for this connection. IPv6 is not available when the connection uses the bridging service. MLD Proxy This shows whether Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) is activated or not for this connection. MLD is not available when the connection uses the bridging service. Modify Click the Edit icon to configure the WAN connection. Click the Delete icon to remove the WAN connection. Chapter 5 Broadband 5.2.1 Add/Edit Internet Connection Click Add New WAN Interface in the Broadband screen or the Edit icon next to an existing WAN interface to configure a WAN connection. The screen varies depending on the interface type, mode, encapsulation, and IPv6/IPv4 mode you select. 5.2.1.1 Routing Mode Use Routing mode if your ISP give you one IP address only and you want multiple computers to share an Internet account. The following example screen displays when you select the ADSL/VDSL over ATM connection type, Routing mode, and PPPoE encapsulation. The screen varies when you select other interface type, encapsulation, and IPv6/IPv4 mode. Figure 23 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) LABEL DESCRIPTION General Active Select this to activate the WAN configuration settings. Name Specify a descriptive name for this connection. Type Select whether it is an ADSL/VDSL over PTM, ADSL over ATM connection or Ethernet. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 49 Chapter 5 Broadband Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Mode Select Routing if your ISP give you one IP address only and you want multiple computers to share an Internet account. Encapsulation Select the method of encapsulation used by your ISP from the drop-down list box. This option is available only when you select Routing in the Mode field. The choices depend on the connection type you selected. If your connection type is ADSL/ VDSL over PTM, the choices are PPPoE and IPoE. If your connection type is ADSL over ATM, the choices are PPPoE, PPPoA, IPoE and IPoA. IPv6/IPv4 Mode Select IPv4 Only if you want the Device to run IPv4 only. Select IPv6/IPv4 DualStack to allow the Device to run IPv4 and IPv6 at the same time. Select IPv6 Only if you want the Device to run IPv6 only. ATM PVC Configuration (These fields appear when the Type is set to ADSL over ATM.) VPI The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255. Enter the VPI assigned to you. VCI The valid range for the VCI is 32 to 65535 (0 to 31 is reserved for local management of ATM traffic). Enter the VCI assigned to you. DSL Link Type This field is not editable. The selection depends on the setting in the Encapsulation field. EoA (Ethernet over ATM) uses an Ethernet header in the packet, so that you can have multiple services/connections over one PVC. You can set each connection to have its own MAC address or all connections share one MAC address but use different VLAN IDs for different services. EoA supports ENET ENCAP (IPoE), PPPoE and RFC1483/2684 bridging encapsulation methods. PPPoA (PPP over ATM) allows just one PPPoA connection over a PVC. IPoA (IP over ATM) allows just one RFC 1483 routing connection over a PVC. Encapsulation Mode 50 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Select the method of multiplexing used by your ISP from the drop-down list box. Choices are: • LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING: In LCC encapsulation, bridged PDUs are encapsulated by identifying the type of the bridged media in the SNAP header. This is available only when you select IPoE or PPPoE in the Select DSL Link Type field. • VC/MUX: In VC multiplexing, each protocol is carried on a single ATM virtual circuit (VC). To transport multiple protocols, the Device needs separate VCs. There is a binding between a VC and the type of the network protocol carried on the VC. This reduces payload overhead since there is no need to carry protocol information in each Protocol Data Unit (PDU) payload. • LLC/ENCAPSULATION: More than one protocol can be carried over the same VC. This is available only when you select PPPoA in the Encapsulation field. • LLC/SNAP-ROUTING: In LCC encapsulation, an IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control (LLC) header is prefixed to each routed PDU to identify the PDUs. The LCC header can be followed by an IEEE 802.1a SubNetwork Attachment Point (SNAP) header. This is available only when you select IPoA in the Encapsulation field. Service Category Select UBR Without PCR or UBR With PCR for applications that are non-time sensitive, such as e-mail. Select CBR (Continuous Bit Rate) to specify fixed (always-on) bandwidth for voice or data traffic. Select Non Realtime VBR (non real-time Variable Bit Rate) for connections that do not require closely controlled delay and delay variation. Select Realtime VBR (real-time Variable Bit Rate) for applications with bursty connections that require closely controlled delay and delay variation. Peak Cell Rate Divide the DSL line rate (bps) by 424 (the size of an ATM cell) to find the Peak Cell Rate (PCR). This is the maximum rate at which the sender can send cells. Type the PCR here.This field is not available when you select UBR Without PCR. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Sustainable Cell Rate The Sustainable Cell Rate (SCR) sets the average cell rate (long-term) that can be transmitted. Type the SCR, which must be less than the PCR. Note that system default is 0 cells/sec. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 51 This field is available only when you select Non Realtime VBR or Realtime VBR. Maximum Burst Size Maximum Burst Size (MBS) refers to the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the peak rate. Type the MBS, which is less than 65535. This field is available only when you select Non Realtime VBR or Realtime VBR. PPP Information (This is available only when you select PPPoE or PPPoA in the Mode field.) PPP User Name Enter the user name exactly as your ISP assigned. If assigned a name in the form user@domain where domain identifies a service name, then enter both components exactly as given. PPP Password Enter the password associated with the user name above. Select password unmask to show your entered password in plain text. PPP Triger Type Select when to have the Device establish the PPP connection. Auto Connect - select this to not let the connection time out. Connect on Demand - select this to automatically bring up the connection when the Device receives packets destined for the Internet.Manual - select this if you want to manually trigger the connection up. Idle Timeout This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the router automatically disconnects from the PPPoE server. This field is not configurable if you select Auto Connect in the PPP Triger Type field. PPPoE Service Name Enter the name of your PPPoE service here. PPPoE Passthrough This field is available when you select PPPoE encapsulation. In addition to the Device’s built-in PPPoE client, you can enable PPPoE pass through to allow up to ten hosts on the LAN to use PPPoE client software on their computers to connect to the ISP via the Device. Each host can have a separate account and a public WAN IP address. PPPoE pass through is an alternative to NAT for application where NAT is not appropriate. Disable PPPoE pass through if you do not need to allow hosts on the LAN to use PPPoE client software on their computers to connect to the ISP. IP Address (This is available only when you select IPv4 Only or IPv6/IPv4 DualStack in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field.) Obtain an IP Address Automatically A static IP address is a fixed IP that your ISP gives you. A dynamic IP address is not fixed; the ISP assigns you a different one each time you connect to the Internet. Select this if you have a dynamic IP address. DHCP option 60/ Vendor ID This field displays when editing an existing WAN interface. Type the class vender ID you want the Device to add in the DHCP Discovery packets that go to the DHCP server. DHCP option 43 Enable This field displays when editing an existing WAN interface. Type the vender specific information you want the Device to add in the DHCP Offer packets. The information is used, for example, for configuring an ACS’s (Auto Configuration Server) URL. Static IP Address Select this option If the ISP assigned a fixed IP address. IP Address Enter the static IP address provided by your ISP. Subnet Enter the subnet mask provided by your ISP. Mask Gateway IP Enter the gateway IP address provided by your ISP. Address Chapter 5 Broadband Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Routing Feature (This is available only when you select IPv4 Only or IPv6/IPv4 DualStack in the IPv6/ IPv4 Mode field.) NAT Enable Select this option to activate NAT on this connection. IGMP Proxy Enable 52 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) is a network-layer protocol used to establish membership in a Multicast group - it is not used to carry user data. Select this option to have the Device act as an IGMP proxy on this connection. This allows the Device to get subscribing information and maintain a joined member list for each multicast group. It can reduce multicast traffic significantly. Apply as Default Gateway Select this option to have the Device use the WAN interface of this connection as the system default gateway. DNS Server (This is available only when you select IPv4 Only or IPv6/IPv4 DualStack in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field.) DNS Select Dynamic if you want the Device use the DNS server addresses assigned by your ISP. Select Static if you want the Device use the DNS server addresses you configure manually. DNS Server 1 Enter the first DNS server address assigned by the ISP. DNS Server 2 Enter the second DNS server address assigned by the ISP. WAN MAC Address Factory Select Factory Default to use the factory assigned default MAC address. Default Clone the computer’s MAC address - IP Address Select this option and enter the IP address of the computer on the LAN whose MAC you are cloning. It is advisable to clone the MAC address from a computer on your LAN even if your ISP does not presently require MAC address authentication. Set WAN MAC Address Select this option and enter the MAC address you want to use. Tunnel (This is available only when you select IPv4 Only or IPv6 Only in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field.) The DS-Lite (Dual Stack Lite) fields display when you set the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field to IPv6 Only. Enable Dual Stack Lite to let local computers use IPv4 through an ISP’s IPv6 network. See Dual Stack Lite on page 47 for more information. The 6RD (IPv6 rapid deployment) fields display when you set the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field to IPv4 Only. See IPv6 Rapid Deployment on page 46 for more information. Enable DS-Lite This is available only when you select IPv6 Only in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field. Select Enable to let local computers use IPv4 through an ISP’s IPv6 network. DS-Lite Relay Server IP Specify the transition router’s IPv6 address. Enable 6RD This is available only when you select IPv4 Only in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field. Select Enable to tunnel IPv6 traffic from the local network through the ISP’s IPv4 network. 6RD Type Select Static if you have the IPv4 address of the relay server, otherwise select DHCP to have the Device detect it automatically through DHCP. IPv4 Mask Length Enter the subnet mask number (1~32) for the IPv4 network. 6RD Border Relay Server IP When you set the 6RD Type to Static, specify the relay server’s IPv4 address in this field. 6RD IPv6 Prefix Enter an IPv6 prefix for tunneling IPv6 traffic to the ISP’s border relay router and connecting to the native IPv6 Internet. IPv6 Address (This is available only when you select IPv6/IPv4 DualStack or IPv6 Only in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field.) Chapter 5 Broadband Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION IPv6 Address Select Automatic if you want to have the Device use the IPv6 prefix from the connected router’s Router Advertisement (RA) to generate an IPv6 address. • Select Get IPv6 Address From DHCPv6 Server(IA_NA) if you want to obtain an IPv6 address from a DHCPv6 server. The IP address assigned by a DHCPv6 server has priority over the IP address automatically generated by the Device using the IPv6 prefix from an RA. This option is available only when you choose to get your IPv6 address automatically. • Select Prefix Delegation(IA_PD) to use DHCP PD (Prefix Delegation) which enables the Device to pass the IPv6 prefix information to its LAN hosts. The hosts can then use the prefix to generate their IPv6 addresses. Select Static if you have a fixed IPv6 address assigned by your ISP. Select None to not assign any IPv6 address to this WAN connection. WAN IPv6 Address VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 53 Enter the IPv6 address assigned by your ISP. Prefix Length Enter the address prefix length to specify how many most significant bits in an IPv6 address compose the network address. Next Hop Enter the IP address of the next-hop gateway. The gateway is a router or switch on the same segment as your Device's interface(s). The gateway helps forward packets to their destinations. IPv6 Routing Feature (This is available only when you select IPv6/IPv4 DualStack or IPv6 Only in the IPv6/IPv4 Mode field. You can enable IPv6 routing features in the following section.) MLD Proxy Enable Select this checkbox to have the Device act as an MLD proxy on this connection. This allows the Device to get subscription information and maintain a joined member list for each multicast group. It can reduce multicast traffic significantly. Apply as Default Gateway Select this option to have the Device use the WAN interface of this connection as the system default gateway. IPv6 DNS Server Configure the IPv6 DNS server in the following section. IPv6 DNS Select Dynamic to have the Device get the IPv6 DNS server addresses from the ISP automatically. Select Static to have the Device use the IPv6 DNS server addresses you configure manually. IPv6 DNS Server 1 Enter the first IPv6 DNS server address assigned by the ISP. IPv6 DNS Server 2 Enter the second IPv6 DNS server address assigned by the ISP. VLAN (These fields appear when the Type is set to ADSL/VDSL over PTM.) Active Select this option to add the VLAN tag (specified below) to the outgoing traffic through this connection. 802.1p IEEE 802.1p defines up to 8 separate traffic types by inserting a tag into a MAC-layer frame that contains bits to define class of service. Select the IEEE 802.1p priority level (from 0 to 7) to add to traffic through this connection. The greater the number, the higher the priority level. 802.1q Type the VLAN ID number (from 1 to 4094) for traffic through this connection. QoS Rate Limit Enter the rate limit for the connection. This is the maximum transmission rate allowed for traffic on this connection. WAN Outgoing Default Tag Select Enable and enter a DSCP (DiffServ Code Point) value to have the Device add it in the packets sent by this WAN interface. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 7 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Routing Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION MTU MTU Size Enter the MTU (Maximum Transfer Unit) size for this traffic. Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the Device. Cancel Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving. 5.2.1.2 Bridge Mode Click the Add new WAN Interface in the Network Setting > Broadband screen or the Edit icon next to the connection you want to configure. Select Bridge as the encapsulation mode. The screen varies depending on the interface type you select. If you select ADSL/VDSL over PTM as the interface type, the following screen appears. Figure 24 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Bridge Mode ) The following table describes the fields in this screen. Table 8 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Bridge Mode) LABEL DESCRIPTION General Active Select this to activate the WAN configuration settings. Name Enter a service name of the connection. Type Select ADSL/VDSL over PTM as the interface that you want to configure. The Device uses the VDSL technology for data transmission over the DSL port. Mode Select Bridge when your ISP provides you more than one IP address and you want the connected computers to get individual IP address from ISP’s DHCP server directly. If you select Bridge, you cannot use routing functions, such as QoS, Firewall, DHCP server and NAT on traffic from the selected LAN port(s). VLAN This section is available only when you select ADSL/VDSL over PTM in the Type field. Active Select this to add the VLAN Tag (specified below) to the outgoing traffic through this connection. 54 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 5 Broadband Table 8 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (Bridge Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION 802.1p IEEE 802.1p defines up to 8 separate traffic types by inserting a tag into a MAC-layer frame that contains bits to define class of service. Select the IEEE 802.1p priority level (from 0 to 7) to add to traffic through this connection. The greater the number, the higher the priority level. 802.1q Type the VLAN ID number (from 0 to 4094) for traffic through this connection. QoS Rate Limit Enter the rate limit for the connection. This is the maximum transmission rate allowed for traffic on this connection. Apply Click Apply to save your changes. Cancel Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving. If you select ADSL over ATM as the interface type, the following screen appears. Figure 25 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (ADSL over ATM-Bridge Mode) The following table describes the fields in this screen. Table 9 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (ADSL over ATM - Bridge Mode) LABEL DESCRIPTION General Active Select this to activate the WAN configuration settings. Name Enter a service name of the connection. Type Select ADSL over ATM as the interface for which you want to configure here. The Device uses the ADSL technology for data transmission over the DSL port. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 55 Chapter 5 Broadband Table 9 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (ADSL over ATM - Bridge Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Mode Select Bridge when your ISP provides you more than one IP address and you want the connected computers to get individual IP address from ISP’s DHCP server directly. If you select Bridge, you cannot use routing functions, such as QoS, Firewall, DHCP server and NAT on traffic from the selected LAN port(s). ATM PVC Configuration (These fields appear when the Type is set to ADSL over ATM.) VPI The valid range for the VPI is 0 to 255. Enter the VPI assigned to you. VCI The valid range for the VCI is 32 to 65535 (0 to 31 is reserved for local management of ATM traffic). Enter the VCI assigned to you. DSL Link Type This field is not editable. The selection depends on the setting in the Encapsulation field. EoA (Ethernet over ATM) uses an Ethernet header in the packet, so that you can have multiple services/connections over one PVC. You can set each connection to have its own MAC address or all connections share one MAC address but use different VLAN IDs for different services. EoA supports ENET ENCAP (IPoE), PPPoE and RFC1483/2684 bridging encapsulation methods. PPPoA (PPP over ATM) allows just one PPPoA connection over a PVC. IPoA (IP over ATM) allows just one RFC 1483 routing connection over a PVC. Encapsulation Mode 56 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Select the method of multiplexing used by your ISP from the drop-down list box. Choices are: • LLC/SNAP-BRIDGING: In LCC encapsulation, bridged PDUs are encapsulated by identifying the type of the bridged media in the SNAP header. This is available only when you select IPoE or PPPoE in the Select DSL Link Type field. • VC/MUX: In VC multiplexing, each protocol is carried on a single ATM virtual circuit (VC). To transport multiple protocols, the Device needs separate VCs. There is a binding between a VC and the type of the network protocol carried on the VC. This reduces payload overhead since there is no need to carry protocol information in each Protocol Data Unit (PDU) payload. • LLC/ENCAPSULATION: More than one protocol can be carried over the same VC. This is available only when you select PPPoA in the Encapsulation field. • LLC/SNAP-ROUTING: In LCC encapsulation, an IEEE 802.2 Logical Link Control (LLC) header is prefixed to each routed PDU to identify the PDUs. The LCC header can be followed by an IEEE 802.1a SubNetwork Attachment Point (SNAP) header. This is available only when you select IPoA in the Encapsulation field. Service Category Select UBR Without PCR or UBR With PCR for applications that are non-time sensitive, such as e-mail. Select CBR (Continuous Bit Rate) to specify fixed (always-on) bandwidth for voice or data traffic. Select Non Realtime VBR (non real-time Variable Bit Rate) for connections that do not require closely controlled delay and delay variation. Select Realtime VBR (real-time Variable Bit Rate) for applications with bursty connections that require closely controlled delay and delay variation. Peak Cell Rate Divide the DSL line rate (bps) by 424 (the size of an ATM cell) to find the Peak Cell Rate (PCR). This is the maximum rate at which the sender can send cells. Type the PCR here.This field is not available when you select UBR Without PCR. Sustainable Cell Rate The Sustainable Cell Rate (SCR) sets the average cell rate (long-term) that can be transmitted. Type the SCR, which must be less than the PCR. Note that system default is 0 cells/sec. This field is available only when you select Non Realtime VBR or Realtime VBR. Maximum Burst Size Maximum Burst Size (MBS) refers to the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the peak rate. Type the MBS, which is less than 65535. This field is available only when you select Non Realtime VBR or Realtime VBR. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 9 Network Setting > Broadband > Add New WAN Interface/Edit (ADSL over ATM - Bridge Mode) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION QoS Rate Limit Enter the rate limit for the connection. This is the maximum transmission rate allowed for traffic on this connection. Apply Click Apply to save your changes. Cancel Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving. 5.3 The 3G Backup Screen The USB ports (at the left side panel of the Device) allow you to attach a 3G dongle to wirelessly connect to a 3G network for Internet access. You can have the Device use the 3G WAN connection as a backup. Disconnect the DSL and Ethernet WAN ports to use the 3G dongle as your primary WAN connection. The Device automatically uses a wired WAN connection when available. Note: This Device supports connecting one 3G dongle at a time. Figure 26 Internet Access Application: 3G WAN Use this screen to configure your 3G settings. Click Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 57 Chapter 5 Broadband 58 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Note: The actual data rate you obtain varies depending the 3G card you use, the signal strength to the service provider’s base station, and so on. Figure 27 Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 10 Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup LABEL DESCRIPTION General 3G Backup Select Enable to have the Device use the 3G connection as your WAN or a backup when the wired WAN connection fails. Ping Check Select Enable if you want the Device to ping check the connection status of your WAN. You can configure the frequency of the ping check and number of consecutive failures before triggering 3G backup. Check Cycle Enter the frequency of the ping check in this field. Consecutive PING Fail Enter how many consecutive failures are required before 3G backup is triggered. Ping Default Gateway Select this to have the Device ping the WAN interface’s default gateway IP address. Ping the Host Select this to have the Device ping the particular host name or IP address you typed in this field. 3G Connection Settings Card description This field displays the manufacturer and model name of your 3G card if you inserted one in the Device. Otherwise, it displays N/A. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 10 Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Username Type the user name (of up to 64 ASCII printable characters) given to you by your service provider. Password Type the password (of up to 64 ASCII printable characters) associated with the user name above. PIN A PIN (Personal Identification Number) code is a key to a 3G card. Without the PIN code, you cannot use the 3G card. If your ISP enabled PIN code authentication, enter the 4-digit PIN code (0000 for example) provided by your ISP. If you enter the PIN code incorrectly, the 3G card may be blocked by your ISP and you cannot use the account to access the Internet. If your ISP disabled PIN code authentication, leave this field blank. Dial string Enter the phone number (dial string) used to dial up a connection to your service provider’s base station. Your ISP should provide the phone number. For example, *99# is the dial string to establish a GPRS or 3G connection in Taiwan. APN Enter the APN (Access Point Name) provided by your service provider. Connections with different APNs may provide different services (such as Internet access or MMS (Multi-Media Messaging Service)) and charge method. You can enter up to 32 ASCII printable characters. Spaces are allowed. Connection Select Nailed UP if you do not want the connection to time out. Select on Demand if you do not want the connection up all the time and specify an idle time-out in the Max Idle Timeout field. Max Idle Timeout VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 59 This value specifies the time in minutes that elapses before the Device automatically disconnects from the ISP. Obtain an IP Address Automatically Select this option if your ISP did not assign you a fixed IP address. Use the following static IP address Select this option if the ISP assigned a fixed IP address. IP Address Enter your WAN IP address in this field if you selected Use the following static IP address. Obtain DNS info dynamically Select this to have the Device get the DNS server addresses from the ISP automatically. Use the following static DNS IP address Select this to have the Device use the DNS server addresses you configure manually. Primary Enter the first DNS server address assigned by the ISP. DNS server Secondary Enter the second DNS server address assigned by the ISP. DNS server Enable Email Notification Select this to enable the e-mail notification function. The Device will e-mail you a notification when the 3G connection is up. Mail Server Select a mail server for the e-mail address specified below. If you do not select a mail server, e-mail notifications cannot be sent via e-mail. You must have configured a mail server already in the Maintenance > Email Notification screen. 3G backup Send Email Title Type a title that you want to be in the subject line of the e-mail notifications that the Device sends. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 10 Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Send Notification to Email 60 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Notifications are sent to the e-mail address specified in this field. If this field is left blank, notifications cannot be sent via e-mail. Advanced Click this to show the advanced 3G backup settings. Budget Setup Enable Budget Control Select Enable to set a monthly limit for the user account of the installed 3G card. You can set a limit on the total traffic and/or call time. The Device takes the actions you specified when a limit is exceeded during the month. Time Budget Select this and specify the amount of time (in hours) that the 3G connection can be used within one month. If you change the value after you configure and enable budget control, the Device resets the statistics. Data Budget (Mbytes) Select this and specify how much downstream and/or upstream data (in Mega bytes) can be transmitted via the 3G connection within one month. Select Download/Upload to set a limit on the total traffic in both directions. Select Download to set a limit on the downstream traffic (from the ISP to the Device). Select Upload to set a limit on the upstream traffic (from the Device to the ISP). If you change the value after you configure and enable budget control, the Device resets the statistics. Data Budget (kPackets) Select this and specify how much downstream and/or upstream data (in k Packets) can be transmitted via the 3G connection within one month. Select Download/Upload to set a limit on the total traffic in both directions. Select Download to set a limit on the downstream traffic (from the ISP to the Device). Select Upload to set a limit on the upstream traffic (from the Device to the ISP). If you change the value after you configure and enable budget control, the Device resets the statistics. Reset all budget counters on Select the date on which the Device resets the budget every month. Select last if you want the Device to reset the budget on the last day of the month. Select specific and enter the number of the date you want the Device to reset the budget Reset time and data budget counters Click this button to reset the time and data budgets immediately. The count starts over with the 3G connection’s full configured monthly time and data budgets. This does not affect the normal monthly budget restart; so if you configured the time and data budget counters to reset on the second day of the month and you use this button on the first, the time and data budget counters will still reset on the second. Actions before over budget Specify the actions the Device takes before the time or data limit exceeds. Enable % of time budget/ data budget (Mbytes)/data budget (kPackets) Select Enable and enter a number from 1 to 99 in the percentage fields. If you change the value after you configure and enable budget control, the Device resets the statistics. Actions when over budget Specify the actions the Device takes when the time or data limit is exceeded. Current 3G connection Select Keep to maintain an existing 3G connection or Drop to disconnect it. Actions Enable Email Notification Select this to enable the e-mail notification function. The Device will e-mail you a notification when there over budget occurs. Chapter 5 Broadband Table 10 Network Setting > Broadband > 3G Backup (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Mail Server Select a mail server for the e-mail address specified below. If you do not select a mail server, e-mail notifications cannot be sent via e-mail. You must have configured a mail server already in the Maintenance > Email Notification screen. Over Budget Type a title that you want to be in the subject line of the e-mail notifications that the Device Email Title sends. Send Notifications are sent to the e-mail address specified in this field. If this field is left blank, Notification to notifications cannot be sent via e-mail. Email Interval Enter the interval of how many minutes you want the Device to e-mail you. Enable Log Select this to activate the logging function at the interval you set in this field. Basic Click this to hide the advanced settings of 3G backup. Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the Device. Cancel Click Cancel to return to the previous configuration. 5.4 The Advanced Screen Use the Advanced screen to enable or disable ADSL over PTM, Annex M, DSL PhyR, and SRA (Seamless Rate Adaption) functions. The Device supports the PhyR retransmission scheme. PhyR is a retransmission scheme designed to provide protection against noise on the DSL line. It improves voice, video and data transmission resilience by utilizing a retransmission buffer. Click Network Setting > Broadband > Advanced to display the following screen. Figure 28 Network Setting > Broadband > Advanced The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 11 Network Setting > Network Setting > Broadband LABEL DESCRIPTION ADSL over PTM Select Enable to use ADSL over PTM. Since PTM has less overhead than ATM, some ISPs use ADSL over PTM for better performance. Annex M You can enable Annex M for the Device to use double upstream mode to increase the maximum upstream transfer rate. PhyR US Enable or disable PhyR US (upstream) for upstream transmission to the WAN. PhyR US should be enabled if data being transmitted upstream is sensitive to noise. However, enabling PhyR US can decrease the US line rate. Enabling or disabling PhyR will require the CPE to retrain. For PhyR to function, the DSLAM must also support PhyR and have it enabled. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 61 Chapter 5 Broadband Table 11 Network Setting > Network Setting > Broadband (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION PhyR DS Enable or disable PhyR DS (downstream) for downstream transmission from the WAN. PhyR DS should be enabled if data being transmitted downstream is sensitive to noise. However, enabling PhyR DS can decrease the DS line rate. Enabling or disabling PhyR will require the CPE to retrain. For PhyR to function, the DSLAM must also support PhyR and have it enabled. SRA Enable or disable Seamless Rate Adaption (SRA). Select Enable to have the Device automatically adjust the connection’s data rate according to line conditions without interrupting service. Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the Device. Cancel Click Cancel to return to the previous configuration. 5.5 The 802.1x Screen You can view and configure the 802.1X authentication settings in the 802.1x screen. Click Network Setting > Broadband > 802.1x to display the following screen. Figure 29 Network Setting > Broadband > 802.1x The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 12 Network Setting > Network Setting > 802.1x LABEL DESCRIPTION # This is the index number of the entry. Status This field displays whether the authentication is active or not. A yellow bulb signifies that this authentication is active. A gray bulb signifies that this authentication is not active. Interface This is the interface that uses the authentication. This displays N/A when there is no interface assigned. EAP Identity This shows the EAP identity of the authentication. This displays N/A when there is no EAP identity assigned. EAP method This shows the EAP method used in the authentication. This displays N/A when there is no EAP method assigned. Bidirectional This shows whether bidirectional authentication is allowed. Authentication Certificate This shows the certificate used for this authentication. This displays N/A when there is no certificate assigned. Trusted CA This shows the Trusted CA used for this authentication. This displays N/A when there is no Trusted CA assigned. Apply Click Apply to save your changes back to the Device. Cancel Click Cancel to return to the previous configuration. 62 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 5 Broadband 5.5.1 Edit 802.1X Settings Use this screen to edit 802.1X authentication settings. Click the Edit icon next to the rule you want to edit. The screen shown next appears. Figure 30 Network Setting > Broadband > 802.1x: Edit The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 13 Network Setting > Broadband > 802.1x: Edit LABEL DESCRIPTION Active This field allows you to activate/deactivate the authentication. Select this to enable the authentication. Clear this to disable this authentication without having to delete the entry. Interface Select an interface to which the authentication applies. EAP Identity Enter the EAP identity of the authentication. EAP method This is the EAP method used for this authentication. Enable Select this to allow bidirectional authentication. Bidirectional Authentication Certificate Select the certificate you want to assign to the authentication. You need to import the certificate in the Security > Certificates > Local Certificates screen. Trusted CA Select the Trusted CA you want to assign to the authentication. You need to import the certificate in the Security > Certificates > Trusted CA screen. Apply Click Apply to save your changes. Cancel Click Cancel to exit this screen without saving. 5.6 The WAN Status Screen Click Network Setting > Broadband > Wan Status to open this screen. Use this screen to query and view the historical traffic transmission rate for a WAN interface in a bar chart. N/A displays if the specified WAN interface was disconnected at that time. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 63 Chapter 5 Broadband 64 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Figure 31 Network Setting > Broadband > Wan Status The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 14 Network Setting > Broadband > Wan Status LABEL DESCRIPTION Interface Select a WAN interface to see its historical traffic transmission rate in the chart. Direction Select RX or TX to display received traffic only or transmitted traffic only in the chart. Time Interval Select the time periods to display in the chart. Available choices are Minute, Day, and Month. Scan Click this to update the chart according to your selected criteria. 5.7 Technical Reference The following section contains additional technical information about the Device features described in this chapter. Encapsulation Be sure to use the encapsulation method required by your ISP. The Device can work in bridge mode or routing mode. When the Device is in routing mode, it supports the following methods. IP over Ethernet IP over Ethernet (IPoE) is an alternative to PPPoE. IP packets are being delivered across an Ethernet network, without using PPP encapsulation. They are routed between the Ethernet interface Chapter 5 Broadband and the WAN interface and then formatted so that they can be understood in a bridged environment. For instance, it encapsulates routed Ethernet frames into bridged Ethernet cells. PPP over ATM (PPPoA) PPPoA stands for Point to Point Protocol over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). A PPPoA connection functions like a dial-up Internet connection. The Device encapsulates the PPP session based on RFC1483 and sends it through an ATM PVC (Permanent Virtual Circuit) to the Internet Service Provider’s (ISP) DSLAM (digital access multiplexer). Please refer to RFC 2364 for more information on PPPoA. Refer to RFC 1661 for more information on PPP. PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) provides access control and billing functionality in a manner similar to dial-up services using PPP. PPPoE is an IETF standard (RFC 2516) specifying how a personal computer (PC) interacts with a broadband modem (DSL, cable, wireless, etc.) connection. For the service provider, PPPoE offers an access and authentication method that works with existing access control systems (for example RADIUS). One of the benefits of PPPoE is the ability to let you access one of multiple network services, a function known as dynamic service selection. This enables the service provider to easily create and offer new IP services for individuals. Operationally, PPPoE saves significant effort for both you and the ISP or carrier, as it requires no specific configuration of the broadband modem at the customer site. By implementing PPPoE directly on the Device (rather than individual computers), the computers on the LAN do not need PPPoE software installed, since the Device does that part of the task. Furthermore, with NAT, all of the LANs’ computers will have access. RFC 1483 RFC 1483 describes two methods for Multiprotocol Encapsulation over ATM Adaptation Layer 5 (AAL5). The first method allows multiplexing of multiple protocols over a single ATM virtual circuit (LLC-based multiplexing) and the second method assumes that each protocol is carried over a separate ATM virtual circuit (VC-based multiplexing). Please refer to RFC 1483 for more detailed information. Multiplexing There are two conventions to identify what protocols the virtual circuit (VC) is carrying. Be sure to use the multiplexing method required by your ISP. VC-based Multiplexing In this case, by prior mutual agreement, each protocol is assigned to a specific virtual circuit; for example, VC1 carries IP, etc. VC-based multiplexing may be dominant in environments where dynamic creation of large numbers of ATM VCs is fast and economical. LLC-based Multiplexing VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 65 Chapter 5 Broadband 66 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide In this case one VC carries multiple protocols with protocol identifying information being contained in each packet header. Despite the extra bandwidth and processing overhead, this method may be advantageous if it is not practical to have a separate VC for each carried protocol, for example, if charging heavily depends on the number of simultaneous VCs. Traffic Shaping Traffic Shaping is an agreement between the carrier and the subscriber to regulate the average rate and fluctuations of data transmission over an ATM network. This agreement helps eliminate congestion, which is important for transmission of real time data such as audio and video connections. Peak Cell Rate (PCR) is the maximum rate at which the sender can send cells. This parameter may be lower (but not higher) than the maximum line speed. 1 ATM cell is 53 bytes (424 bits), so a maximum speed of 832Kbps gives a maximum PCR of 1962 cells/sec. This rate is not guaranteed because it is dependent on the line speed. Sustained Cell Rate (SCR) is the mean cell rate of each bursty traffic source. It specifies the maximum average rate at which cells can be sent over the virtual connection. SCR may not be greater than the PCR. Maximum Burst Size (MBS) is the maximum number of cells that can be sent at the PCR. After MBS is reached, cell rates fall below SCR until cell rate averages to the SCR again. At this time, more cells (up to the MBS) can be sent at the PCR again. If the PCR, SCR or MBS is set to the default of "0", the system will assign a maximum value that correlates to your upstream line rate. The following figure illustrates the relationship between PCR, SCR and MBS. Figure 32 Example of Traffic Shaping ATM Traffic Classes These are the basic ATM traffic classes defined by the ATM Forum Traffic Management 4.0 Specification. Constant Bit Rate (CBR) Constant Bit Rate (CBR) provides fixed bandwidth that is always available even if no data is being sent. CBR traffic is generally time-sensitive (doesn't tolerate delay). CBR is used for connections Chapter 5 Broadband that continuously require a specific amount of bandwidth. A PCR is specified and if traffic exceeds this rate, cells may be dropped. Examples of connections that need CBR would be high-resolution video and voice. Variable Bit Rate (VBR) The Variable Bit Rate (VBR) ATM traffic class is used with bursty connections. Connections that use the Variable Bit Rate (VBR) traffic class can be grouped into real time (VBR-RT) or non-real time (VBR-nRT) connections. The VBR-RT (real-time Variable Bit Rate) type is used with bursty connections that require closely controlled delay and delay variation. It also provides a fixed amount of bandwidth (a PCR is specified) but is only available when data is being sent. An example of an VBR-RT connection would be video conferencing. Video conferencing requires real-time data transfers and the bandwidth requirement varies in proportion to the video image's changing dynamics. The VBR-nRT (non real-time Variable Bit Rate) type is used with bursty connections that do not require closely controlled delay and delay variation. It is commonly used for "bursty" traffic typical on LANs. PCR and MBS define the burst levels, SCR defines the minimum level. An example of an VBR-nRT connection would be non-time sensitive data file transfers. Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR) The Unspecified Bit Rate (UBR) ATM traffic class is for bursty data transfers. However, UBR doesn't guarantee any bandwidth and only delivers traffic when the network has spare bandwidth. An example application is background file transfer. IP Address Assignment A static IP is a fixed IP that your ISP gives you. A dynamic IP is not fixed; the ISP assigns you a different one each time. The Single User Account feature can be enabled or disabled if you have either a dynamic or static IP. However the encapsulation method assigned influences your choices for IP address and default gateway. Introduction to VLANs A Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) allows a physical network to be partitioned into multiple logical networks. Devices on a logical network belong to one group. A device can belong to more than one group. With VLAN, a device cannot directly talk to or hear from devices that are not in the same group(s); the traffic must first go through a router. In Multi-Tenant Unit (MTU) applications, VLAN is vital in providing isolation and security among the subscribers. When properly configured, VLAN prevents one subscriber from accessing the network resources of another on the same LAN, thus a user will not see the printers and hard disks of another user in the same building. VLAN also increases network performance by limiting broadcasts to a smaller and more manageable logical broadcast domain. In traditional switched environments, all broadcast packets go to each and every individual port. With VLAN, all broadcasts are confined to a specific broadcast domain. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 67 Chapter 5 Broadband 68 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Introduction to IEEE 802.1Q Tagged VLAN A tagged VLAN uses an explicit tag (VLAN ID) in the MAC header to identify the VLAN membership of a frame across bridges - they are not confined to the switch on which they were created. The VLANs can be created statically by hand or dynamically through GVRP. The VLAN ID associates a frame with a specific VLAN and provides the information that switches need to process the frame across the network. A tagged frame is four bytes longer than an untagged frame and contains two bytes of TPID (Tag Protocol Identifier), residing within the type/length field of the Ethernet frame) and two bytes of TCI (Tag Control Information), starts after the source address field of the Ethernet frame). The CFI (Canonical Format Indicator) is a single-bit flag, always set to zero for Ethernet switches. If a frame received at an Ethernet port has a CFI set to 1, then that frame should not be forwarded as it is to an untagged port. The remaining twelve bits define the VLAN ID, giving a possible maximum number of 4,096 VLANs. Note that user priority and VLAN ID are independent of each other. A frame with VID (VLAN Identifier) of null (0) is called a priority frame, meaning that only the priority level is significant and the default VID of the ingress port is given as the VID of the frame. Of the 4096 possible VIDs, a VID of 0 is used to identify priority frames and value 4095 (FFF) is reserved, so the maximum possible VLAN configurations are 4,094. TPID User Priority 2 Bytes 3 Bits Multicast IP packets are transmitted in either one of two ways - Unicast (1 sender - 1 recipient) or Broadcast (1 sender - everybody on the network). Multicast delivers IP packets to a group of hosts on the network - not everybody and not just 1. Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) is a network-layer protocol used to establish membership in a Multicast group - it is not used to carry user data. IGMP version 2 (RFC 2236) is an improvement over version 1 (RFC 1112) but IGMP version 1 is still in wide use. If you would like to read more detailed information about interoperability between IGMP version 2 and version 1, please see sections 4 and 5 of RFC 2236. The class D IP address is used to identify host groups and can be in the range 224.0.0.0 to 239.255.255.255. The address 224.0.0.0 is not assigned to any group and is used by IP multicast computers. The address 224.0.0.1 is used for query messages and is assigned to the permanent group of all IP hosts (including gateways). All hosts must join the 224.0.0.1 group in order to participate in IGMP. The address 224.0.0.2 is assigned to the multicast routers group. At start up, the Device queries all directly connected networks to gather group membership. After that, the Device periodically updates this information. DNS Server Address Assignment Use Domain Name System (DNS) to map a domain name to its corresponding IP address and vice versa, for instance, the IP address of www.zyxel.com is 204.217.0.2. The DNS server is extremely important because without it, you must know the IP address of a computer before you can access it. The Device can get the DNS server addresses in the following ways. CFI 1 Bit VLAN ID 12 Bits Chapter 5 Broadband 1 The ISP tells you the DNS server addresses, usually in the form of an information sheet, when you sign up. If your ISP gives you DNS server addresses, manually enter them in the DNS server fields. 2 If your ISP dynamically assigns the DNS server IP addresses (along with the Device’s WAN IP address), set the DNS server fields to get the DNS server address from the ISP. IPv6 Addressing The 128-bit IPv6 address is written as eight 16-bit hexadecimal blocks separated by colons (:). This is an example IPv6 address 2001:0db8:1a2b:0015:0000:0000:1a2f:0000. IPv6 addresses can be abbreviated in two ways: • Leading zeros in a block can be omitted. So 2001:0db8:1a2b:0015:0000:0000:1a2f:0000 can be written as 2001:db8:1a2b:15:0:0:1a2f:0. • Any number of consecutive blocks of zeros can be replaced by a double colon. A double colon can only appear once in an IPv6 address. So 2001:0db8:0000:0000:1a2f:0000:0000:0015 can be written as 2001:0db8::1a2f:0000:0000:0015, 2001:0db8:0000:0000:1a2f::0015, 2001:db8::1a2f:0:0:15 or 2001:db8:0:0:1a2f::15. IPv6 Prefix and Prefix Length Similar to an IPv4 subnet mask, IPv6 uses an address prefix to represent the network address. An IPv6 prefix length specifies how many most significant bits (start from the left) in the address compose the network address. The prefix length is written as “/x” where x is a number. For example, 2001:db8:1a2b:15::1a2f:0/32 means that the first 32 bits (2001:db8) is the subnet prefix. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 69 Chapter 5 Broadband VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 70 CHAPTER 6 Wireless 6.1 Overview This chapter describes the Device’s Network Setting > Wireless screens. Use these screens to set up your Device’s wireless connection. 6.1.1 What You Can Do in this Chapter This section describes the Device’s Wireless screens. Use these screens to set up your Device’s wireless connection. • Use the General screen to enable the Wireless LAN, enter the SSID and select the wireless security mode (Section 6.2 on page 72). • Use the More AP screen to set up multiple wireless networks on your Device (Section 6.3 on page 81). • Use the MAC Authentication screen to allow or deny wireless clients based on their MAC addresses from connecting to the Device (Section 6.4 on page 85). • Use the WPS screen to enable or disable WPS, view or generate a security PIN (Personal Identification Number) (Section 6.5 on page 86). • Use the WMM screen to enable Wi-Fi MultiMedia (WMM) to ensure quality of service in wireless networks for multimedia applications (Section 6.6 on page 87). • Use the WDS screen to set up a Wireless Distribution System, in which the Device acts as a bridge with other ZyXEL access points (Section 6.7 on page 88). • Use the Others screen to configure wireless advanced features, such as the RTS/CTS Threshold (Section 6.8 on page 90). • Use the Channel Status screen to scan wireless LAN channel noises and view the results (Section 6.9 on page 92). VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 71 Chapter 6 Wireless 6.1.2 What You Need to Know Wireless Basics “Wireless” is essentially radio communication. In the same way that walkie-talkie radios send and receive information over the airwaves, wireless networking devices exchange information with one another. A wireless networking device is just like a radio that lets your computer exchange information with radios attached to other computers. Like walkie-talkies, most wireless networking devices operate at radio frequency bands that are open to the public and do not require a license to use. However, wireless networking is different from that of most traditional radio communications in that there a number of wireless networking standards available with different methods of data encryption. Finding Out More See Section 6.10 on page 92 for advanced technical information on wireless networks. 6.2 The General Screen Use this screen to enable the Wireless LAN, enter the SSID and select the wireless security mode. Note: If you are configuring the Device from a computer connected to the wireless LAN and you change the Device’s SSID, channel or security settings, you will lose your wireless connection when you press Apply to confirm. You must then change the wireless settings of your computer to match the Device’s new settings. 72 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 6 Wireless Click Network Setting > Wireless to open the General screen. Figure 33 Network Setting > Wireless > General VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 73 Chapter 6 Wireless 74 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide The following table describes the general wireless LAN labels in this screen. Table 15 Network Setting > Wireless > General LABEL DESCRIPTION Wireless Network Setup Wireless You can Enable or Disable the wireless LAN in this field. Band This shows the wireless band which this radio profile is using. 2.4GHz is the frequency used by IEEE 802.11b/g/n wireless clients. Channel Set the channel depending on your particular region. Select a channel or use Auto to have the Device automatically determine a channel to use. If you are having problems with wireless interference, changing the channel may help. Try to use a channel that is as many channels away from any channels used by neighboring APs as possible. The channel number which the Device is currently using then displays next to this field. more.../less Click more... to show more information. Click less to hide them. Bandwidth Select whether the Device uses a wireless channel width of 20MHz or 40MHz. A standard 20MHz channel offers transfer speeds of up to 150Mbps whereas a 40MHz channel uses two standard channels and offers speeds of up to 300 Mbps. 40MHz (channel bonding or dual channel) bonds two adjacent radio channels to increase throughput. The wireless clients must also support 40 MHz. It is often better to use the 20 MHz setting in a location where the environment hinders the wireless signal. Select 20MHz if you want to lessen radio interference with other wireless devices in your neighborhood or the wireless clients do not support channel bonding. Control Sideband This is available for some regions when you select a specific channel and set the Bandwidth field to 40MHz. Set whether the control channel (set in the Channel field) should be in the Lower or Upper range of channel bands. Passphrase Type If you set security for the wireless LAN and have the Device generate a password, the setting in this field determines how the Device generates the password. Select None to set the Device’s password generation to not be based on a passphrase. Select Fixed to use a 16 character passphrase for generating a password. Select Variable to use a 16 to 63 character passphrase for generating a password. Passphrase Key For a fixed type passphrase enter 16 alphanumeric characters (0-9, A-Z, with no spaces). It must contain both letters and numbers and is case-sensitive. For a variable type passphrase enter 16 to 63 alphanumeric characters (0-9, A-Z, with no spaces). It must contain both letters and numbers and is case-sensitive. Wireless Network Settings Wireless Network Name (SSID) The SSID (Service Set IDentity) identifies the service set with which a wireless device is associated. Wireless devices associating to the access point (AP) must have the same SSID. Enter a descriptive name (up to 32 English keyboard characters) for the wireless LAN. Max clients Specify the maximum number of clients that can connect to this network at the same time. Hide SSID Select this check box to hide the SSID in the outgoing beacon frame so a station cannot obtain the SSID through scanning using a site survey tool. Enhanced Multicast Forwarding Select this check box to allow the Device to convert wireless multicast traffic into wireless unicast traffic. Maximum Upstream Bandwidth Specify the maximum rate for upstream wireless traffic to the WAN from this WLAN in kilobits per second (Kbps). Chapter 6 Wireless Table 15 Network Setting > Wireless > General (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Maximum Specify the maximum rate for downstream wireless traffic to this WLAN from the WAN in Downstream kilobits per second (Kbps). Bandwidth BSSID This shows the MAC address of the wireless interface on the Device when wireless LAN is enabled. Security Level Security Mode Select Basic (WEP, 802.1X) or More Secure (WPA(2)-PSK, WPA(2)) to add security on this wireless network. The wireless clients which want to associate to this network must have same wireless security settings as the Device. When you select to use a security, additional options appears in this screen. Or you can select No Security to allow any client to associate this network without any data encryption or authentication. See the following sections for more details about this field. Apply Click Apply to save your changes. Cancel Click Cancel to restore your previously saved settings. 6.2.1 No Security Select No Security to allow wireless stations to communicate with the access points without any data encryption or authentication. Note: If you do not enable any wireless security on your Device, your network is accessible to any wireless networking device that is within range. Figure 34 Wireless > General: No Security The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 16 Wireless > General: No Security LABEL DESCRIPTION Security Level Choose No Security to allow all wireless connections without data encryption or authentication. 6.2.2 Basic (WEP Encryption) WEP encryption scrambles the data transmitted between the wireless stations and the access points (AP) to keep network communications private. Both the wireless stations and the access points must use the same WEP key. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 75 Chapter 6 Wireless 76 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Note: WEP is extremely insecure. Its encryption can be broken by an attacker, using widely-available software. It is strongly recommended that you use a more effective security mechanism. Use the strongest security mechanism that all the wireless devices in your network support. For example, use WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK if all your wireless devices support it, or use WPA or WPA2 if your wireless devices support it and you have a RADIUS server. If your wireless devices support nothing stronger than WEP, use the highest encryption level available. Your Device allows you to configure up to four 64-bit or 128-bit WEP keys but only one key can be enabled at any one time. In order to configure and enable WEP encryption, click Network Setting > Wireless to display the General screen, then select Basic as the security level. Figure 35 Wireless > General: Basic (WEP) The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 17 Wireless > General: Basic (WEP) LABEL DESCRIPTION Security Level Select Basic to enable WEP data encryption. Generate password automatically Select this option to have the Device automatically generate a password. The password field will not be configurable when you select this option. Password 1~4 The password (WEP keys) are used to encrypt data. Both the Device and the wireless stations must use the same password (WEP key) for data transmission. If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F"). If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F"). You must configure at least one password, only one password can be activated at any one time. Chapter 6 Wireless Table 17 Wireless > General: Basic (WEP) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION more.../less Click more... to show more fields in this section. Click less to hide them. WEP Encryption Select 64-bits or 128-bits. This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to use. 6.2.3 Basic (802.1X) Use this screen to configure 802.1X encryption and authentication. Configure your RADIUS server information and WEP encryption settings. Use this security method if your wireless usernames and passwords are configured on a RADIUS server. In order to configure and enable WEP encryption, click Network Setting > Wireless to display the General screen, then select Basic as the security level and 802.1X as the Security Mode. Figure 36 Wireless > General: Basic (802.1X) The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 18 Wireless > General: Basic (802.1X) LABEL DESCRIPTION Security Level Select Basic and 802.1X to enable 802.1X data encryption. Generate Select this option to have the Device automatically generate a password. The password field password will not be configurable when you select this option. automatically VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 77 Chapter 6 Wireless Table 18 Wireless > General: Basic (802.1X) (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Password 1~4 The password (WEP key) is used to encrypt data. Both the Device and the wireless stations must use the same password (WEP key) for data transmission. If you chose 64-bit WEP, then enter any 5 ASCII characters or 10 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F"). If you chose 128-bit WEP, then enter 13 ASCII characters or 26 hexadecimal characters ("0-9", "A-F"). You must configure at least one password, only one password can be activated at any one time. more.../less Click more... to show more fields in this section. Click less to hide them. WEP Encryption Select 64-bits or 128-bits. This dictates the length of the security key that the network is going to use. IP Address Enter the IP address of an external RADIUS server in dotted decimal notation. Port Number The default port of a RADIUS server for authentication is 1812. You need not change this value unless your network administrator instructs you to do so. Shared Secret Specify a password (up to 32 alphanumeric characters) as the key to be shared between the external RADIUS server and the Device. This key is not sent over the network. This key must be the same on the external RADIUS server and the Device. 78 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide Chapter 6 Wireless 6.2.4 More Secure (WPA(2)-PSK) The WPA-PSK security mode provides both improved data encryption and user authentication over WEP. Using a Pre-Shared Key (PSK), both the Device and the connecting client share a common password in order to validate the connection. This type of encryption, while robust, is not as strong as WPA, WPA2 or even WPA2-PSK. The WPA2-PSK security mode is a newer, more robust version of the WPA encryption standard. It offers slightly better security, although the use of PSK makes it less robust than it could be. Click Network Setting > Wireless to display the General screen. Select More Secure as the security level. Then select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK from the Security Mode list. Figure 37 Wireless > General: More Secure: WPA(2)-PSK The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 19 Wireless > General: More Secure: WPA(2)-PSK LABEL DESCRIPTION Security Level Select More Secure to enable WPA(2)-PSK data encryption. Security Mode Select WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK from the drop-down list box. Generate password automatically Select this option to have the Device automatically generate a password. The password field will not be configurable when you select this option. VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide 79 Password The encryption mechanisms used for WPA(2) and WPA(2)-PSK are the same. The only difference between the two is that WPA(2)-PSK uses a simple common password, instead of user-specific credentials. If you did not select Generate password automatically, you can manually type a pre- shared key from 8 to 64 case-sensitive keyboard characters. more.../less Click more... to show more fields in this section. Click less to hide them. WPA-PSK Compatible This field appears when you choose WPA-PSK2 as the Security Mode. Check this field to allow wireless devices using WPA-PSK security mode to connect to your Device. The Device supports WPA-PSK and WPA2-PSK simultaneously. Chapter 6 Wireless Table 19 Wireless > General: More Secure: WPA(2)-PSK (continued) LABEL DESCRIPTION Encryption Select the encryption type (TKIP, AES or TKIP+AES) for data encryption. Select TKIP if your wireless clients can all use TKIP. Select AES if your wireless clients can all use AES. Select TKIP+AES to allow the wireless clients to use either TKIP or AES. Group Key The Group Key Update Timer is the rate at which the RADIUS server sends a new group Update Timer key out to all clients. 6.2.5 WPA(2) Authentication The WPA2 security mode is currently the most robust form of encryption for wireless networks. It requires a RADIUS server to authenticate user credentials and is a full implementation the security protocol. Use this security option for maximum protection of your network. However, it is the least backwards compatible with older devices. The WPA security mode is a security subset of WPA2. It requires the presence of a RADIUS server on your network in order to validate user credentials. This encryption standard is slightly older than WPA2 and therefore is more compatible with older devices. Click Network Setting > Wireless to display the General screen. Select More Secure as the security level. Then select WPA or WPA2 from the Security Mode list. Figure 38 Wireless > General: More Secure: WPA(2) The following table describes the labels in this screen. Table 20 Wireless > General: More Secure: WPA(2) LABEL DESCRIPTION Security Level Select More Secure to enable WPA(2)-PSK data encryption. Security Mode Choose WPA or WPA2 from the drop-down list box. 80 VMG8324-B10A / VMG8324-B30A Series User’s Guide

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